America

Wilner, "Economies of Excess in Brillat-Savarin, Balzac, and Baudelaire"

The article examine the relationship between Baudelaire's early essay, 'On Wine and Hashish Compared as Means for the Multiplication of Individuality' and Brillat-Savarin's _Physiology of Taste_, and the role of Balzac's 'Treatise on Modern Stimulants' in mediating this relationship. I argue that Brillat Savarin's 'transcendental gastronomy' is a theory and practice of excess consumption, notwithstanding its denunciations of excess, and that Baudelaire's writing functions as a hyperbolic exposure of this underlying tendency. This essay appears in _Romantic Gastronomies_, a volume of _Romantic Circles Praxis Series_, prepared exclusively for Romantic Circles (http://www.rc.umd.edu/), University of Maryland.

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Garval, "Alexis Soyer and the Rise of the Celebrity Chef"

While largely forgotten today, French-born British culinarian Alexis Soyer (1809-1858), transformed our vision of the chef as a public figure. Like other early celebrity chefs, he first styled himself as a great man of letters, but his dandyism, theatrics, tireless self-fashioning and promotion, and, above all, his widely-read and flatteringly-illustrated books, propelled him toward a new kind of renown. In particular, his humanitarian efforts in the Crimean War, and account thereof in his Culinary Campaign (1857), established that chefs need not pretend to be great writers, to be seen as noteworthy personages – a shift underpinning their later emergence as broadcast stars. This essay appears in _Romantic Gastronomies_, a volume of _Romantic Circles Praxis Series_, prepared exclusively for Romantic Circles (http://www.rc.umd.edu/), University of Maryland.

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Selected Bibliography of Henry Stephens Salt

Romanticism & Ecology

Selected Bibliography of Henry Stephens Salt

William Stroup, Keene State College

My explicit concern in this essay is on Salt as a Shelleyan; yet as I hope my argument makes clear, this title invites and perhaps even demands a wide range of interests and expertise. This selected bibliography is in chronological order, indicating the recurring themes and varied developments of Salt's career.

November 2001

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Gender, Environment, and Imperialism in William Blake's Visions of the Daughters of Albion

This essay examines Visions of the Daughters of Albion (1793) in light of William Blake's poetic critique of contemporary imperialism. Its argument turns on the contention that Blake's protagonist, Oothoon, represents in Visions both an enslaved woman and the expropriated natural landscapes of the New World. Thus, Oothoon's brutal rape at the hands of the slave-master Bromion is understood to signify a simultaneous figural rape of her environmental aspect. Analyzing the major critical implications of this double-edged violence, the essay investigates Vision's implicit thesis (based in part on Blake's poetic response to John Gabriel Stedman's contemporary writings) that the colonization of indigenous peoples and the exploitation of indigenous homelands were ideologically interrelated aspects of eighteenth-century imperialism. By drawing upon insights garnered from such fields of inquiry as ecofeminism, postcolonial theory, and the history of science, the essay also considers the theoretical and practical assumptions informing Oothoon's activist response to her doubly-colonized condition.
November 2001

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Blake & Virtuality: An Exchange

In a three-part interview, a group of Blakeans and digital artists discuss their endeavors to represent Blake's thought in virtual environments. They explore the practical and theoretical ramifications of Adam Komisaruk and Fred Yee's The Blake Model, and of Steve Guynup's Crystal Cabinet. Issues on the agenda include: the genesis of the projects; the problems of mediation and systematization; spatiality and temporality; identity and difference; determinacy and indeterminacy; multimedia and interdisciplinarity; creativity and the body; praxis and theory; the business of art and the work of the spirit; esoteric and exoteric traditions; the virtual frontier and the future of video gaming.
January 2005

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