This essay addresses the stakes and details of the idea and
actuality of philology, broadly and narrowly understood, in its application
especially to the work of Friedrich Hölderlin. Hölderlin presents an
extreme challenge for philological understanding and the most compelling
responses tend to be examples of "extreme philology" exemplified in the words
of Walter Benjamin, Theodor Adorno, and Tom McCall. One particular focus is
on the under-scrutinized concept of "das Gedichtete" that Benjamin (almost)
invents to help make sense of what is going on in Hölderlin's poetry.