- Adapted from
Encyclopaedia Britannica 11th edition. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1911; Albertine Gaur, A History of Calligraphy New York: Cross River P, 1994; Joe Nickell, Pen, Ink, & Evidence: A Study of Writing and Writing Materials for the Penman, Collector, and Document Dective Lexington: U P of Kentucky, 1990.
Barbauld's lady mastered use of the quill. Quill pens were in use in the West at least from the time of the 7th century until the 1830s, when steel point pen points came into use.