Elfenbein's essay responds to the essays in Historicizing Romantic Sexuality by considering their usefulness in response to the work of Michel Foucault. He examines how each essay continues or complicates Foucault's ideas in The History of Sexuality. He examines Bradford Mudge's essay in terms of the agency of the novel, and the essays by Susan Lanser and Daniel O'Quinn in terms of coding. He discusses female agency in the essays by Elizabeth Fay and Jillian Heydt-Stevenson. For the essays by Richard Sha and Jonathan Loesberg, he examines how they treat identity and difference in relation to sexuality. He concludes by discussing the concept of love in Romanticism.