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The Temple of Nature, Edited by Martin Priestman


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Bryant, Jacob. A New System, or, An Analysis of Ancient Mythology. London: T. Payne et al., 1774.

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Canning, George, George Ellis and John Hookham Frere. The Anti-Jacobin, or Weekly Examiner. 2 vols. 4th ed. London: J. Wright, 1799.

Carter, Tim. "Erasmus Darwin, Work and Health." The Genius of Erasmus Darwin. Ed. C. U. M. Smith and Robert Arnott. Aldershot, Hampshire, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2005. 289-301.

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. Poetical Works. Ed. E. H. Coleridge. London: Oxford University Press, 1912.

---. Collected Letters. Ed. E. L. Griggs, 6 vols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1956-71.

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Darwin, Charles. The Life of Erasmus Darwin. Ed. Desmond King-Hele. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Darwin, Erasmus. The Collected Writings of Erasmus Darwin. Selected and Introduced by Martin Priestman. 9 vols. Bristol: Thoemmes Continuum, 2004. This comprises facsimiles of the following :

(Vol. 1) The Botanic Garden, Part I: The Economy of Vegetation. London: J. Johnson, 1791.

(Vol. 2) The Botanic Garden, Part II: The Loves of the Plants. London: J. Johnson, 1791 [1789]. [This has also been published in facsimile by Garland (New York, 1978).]

(Vol. 3) A Plan for the Conduct of Female Education in Boarding Schools. Derby: J. Drewry for J. Johnson, 1797. [Also in facsimile by Woodstock Books (Oxford, 2001).]

(Vol. 4) Phytologia, or The Philosophy of Agriculture and Gardening. London: J. Johnson, 1800.

(Vols. 5-8) Zoonomia, or The Laws of Organic Life. 3rd ed. 4 vols. London: J. Johnson, 1801 [1794-6].

(Vol. 9) The Temple of Nature, or The Origin of Society. London: J. Johnson, 1803. [Also published in facsimile by Scolar Press (Menston, Yorks, 1973) and Garland (New York, 1978); and by the Erasmus Darwin Foundation (Lichfield, 2003).]

---. A System of Vegetables . . . translated from the thirteenth edition of the "Systema Vegetabilium" of . . . Linnaeus . . . by a Botanical Society at Lichfield. 2 vols. Lichfield: J. Jackson, 1783.

---. The Families of Plants . . . translated from the last edition of the "Genera Plantarum" of . . . Linnaeus . . . by a Botanical Society at Lichfield. Lichfield: J. Jackson, 1787.

---. The Essential Writings of Erasmus Darwin. Ed. Desmond King-Hele. London: McGibbon & Kee, 1968.

---. The Letters of Erasmus Darwin. Ed. Desmond King-Hele. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

---. Cosmologia (i.e. The Botanic Garden and The Temple of Nature). Ed. Stuart Harris. Sheffield: Stuart Harris, 2002.

Dawkins, Richard. The Blind Watchmaker. London: Longman, 1986.

Denslow, William R. 10,000 Famous Freemasons. 4 vols. Trenton, MO: Missouri Lodge of Research, 1957-61.

Fara, Patricia. An Entertainment for Angels: Electricity in the Enlightenment. Cambridge: Icon, 2002.

---. Sex, Botany and Empire: The Story of Carl Linnaeus and Joseph Banks. Cambridge: Icon, 2003.

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Graves, Robert. The Greek Myths. 2 vols. Harmonsworth: Penguin, 1955.

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Hales, Stephen. Vegetable Staticks, or, An Account of some Statical Experiments on the Sap in Vegetables: being an Essay towards a Natural History of Vegetation. London: W. & J. Innys and T. Woodward, 1727.

Harris, Stuart. Erasmus Darwin's Enlightenment Epic. Sheffield: Stuart Harris, 2002. 

Harrison, James. "Erasmus Darwin's View of Evolution." Journal of the History of Ideas XXXII (1971): 247-64.

Hartley, David. Observations on Man, His Frame, His Duty, and his Expectations. Bath & London: Samuel Richardson, 1749.

Hassler, Donald M. Erasmus Darwin. New York: Twayne, 1973.

Hazlitt, William. Selected Writings. Ed. Jon Cook. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

---. Memoirs of Thomas Holcroft [1816] Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1926.

Hofmann, Werner, et al. for Hamburger Kunsthalle. Johann Heinrich Füssli, 1741-1825. München: 1974.

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Horne Tooke, John. ΕΠΕΑΠΤΕΡΟΕΝΤΑ, or The Diversions of Purley. London: J. Johnson, 1786.

Jacob, Margaret C. Living the Enlightenment: Freemasonry and Politics in Eighteenth-Century Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.

---. The Radical Enlightenment: Pantheists, Freemasons and Republicans. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1981.

Hume, David. A Treatise of Human Nature. London: 1738.

---. Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. London: 1779.

Juvenal. The Sixteen Satires. 3rd ed. Trans. Peter Green. London: Penguin, 1998.

King-Hele, Desmond. Shelley: His Thought and Work. 2nd ed. London: Macmillan, 1971 [1960].

---. Erasmus Darwin. London: Macmillan, 1963.        

---. Erasmus Darwin and the Romantic Poets. London: Macmillan, 1986.

---. Erasmus Darwin: A Life of Unequalled Achievement. London: Giles de la Mare, 1999.

---. (ed.) The Essential Writings of Erasmus Darwin (see above).

---. (ed.) The Letters of Erasmus Darwin (see above).

---. (ed.) Charles Darwin's The Life of Erasmus Darwin (see above).

Knight, Richard Payne. The Progress of Civil Society: A Didactic Poem in Six Books. London: G. Nicol, 1796.

Krause, Ernst. Erasmus Darwin. Trans. W. S. Dallas, with a preliminary notice by Charles Darwin. London: John Murray, 1879.

Larousse Encyclopedia of Mythology. London: Paul Hamlyn, 1959.

Linnaeus, Carl. Systema Naturae. Leyden: 1735.

---. For other works, see Darwin, Erasmus.

Logan, James Venable. The Poetry and Aesthetics of Erasmus Darwin. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1936.

Lovelock, James. Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979.

Lucretius, De Rerum Natura. Loeb edition. Trans. W. H. D. Rouse, revised M. F. Smith. 2nd ed. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1982.

---. translated as On the Nature of the Universe by R. E. Latham, ed. John Godwin. London: Penguin, 1994. [Translated quotations are from this edition; line references are from Loeb.]

Malthus, Thomas. An Essay on the Principle of Population. London: J. Johnson, 1798.

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McNeil, Maureen. Under the Banner of Science: Erasmus Darwin and his Age. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1987.

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Monboddo, Lord (James Burnet). Of the Origin and Progress of Language. 6 vols. Edinburgh: Kincaid, 1773-92.

Montfaucon, Father Bernard de. Antiquity Explained, and Represented in Sculptures. Trans. D Humphreys. London: Tonson & Watts, 1721.

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Paley, William. Natural Theology; or, Evidences of the Existence and Attributes of the Deity Collected from the Appearances of Nature. London: R. Faulder, 1802.

Pearson, Hesketh. Doctor Darwin. London: Dent, 1930.

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Porter, Roy. Enlightenment: Britain and the Creation of the Modern World. London: Penguin, 2001.

---. Flesh in the Age of Reason: How the Enlightenment Transformed the Way We See Our Bodies and Souls. London: Penguin, 2004.

Priestland, Neil. Erasmus Darwin: Philosopher, Scientist, Physician and Poet. Radcliffe-on-Trent: Ashbracken, 1990.

Priestley, Joseph. Priestley's Writings on Philosophy, Science and Politics. Ed. John A. Passmore. New York: Collier, 1965. 

Priestman, Martin. Romantic Atheism: Poetry and Freethought, 1780-1830. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

---. ed. "Atheism." Romantic Period Writings: An Anthology. Ed. Zachary Leader and Ian Haywood. London: Routledge, 1998.

---. "Temples and Mysteries in Romantic Infidel Writing." Romanticism on the Net. Ed. M. Eberle-Sinatra. 25 (February 2002):

---. "The Progress of Society? Darwin's Early Drafts for The Temple of Nature." The Genius of Erasmus Darwin. Ed. C. U. M. Smith and Robert Arnott. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005. 307-19.


Primer, Irwin. "Erasmus Darwin's Temple of Nature: Progress, Evolution, and the Eleusinian Mysteries." Journal of the History of Ideas XXV (1964): 58-76.

Raine, Kathleen. Blake and Tradition. 2 vols. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1969.

Reed, Edward S. From Soul to Mind: The Emergence of Psychology from Erasmus Darwin to William James. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997.

Reid, Thomas. An Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense [1764]. Ed. Derek R. Brooks. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000.

Richardson, Alan. British Romanticism and the Science of the Mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Robison, John. Proofs of a Conspiracy against all the Religions and Governments of Europe. 4th ed. London: 1798.

Ross, Robert N. "‘To Charm thy Curious Eye': Erasmus Darwin's Poetry at the Vestibule of Knowledge." Journal of the History of Ideas XXXII (1971): 379-94.

Ruston, Sharon. P. B. Shelley and the Science of Life. Liverpool: University of Liverpool Press, 1999.

Seward, Anna. Memoirs of the Life of Dr. Darwin, chiefly during his Residence at Lichfield. London: J. Johnson, 1804.

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Smith, C. U. M. and Robert Arnott, eds. The Genius of Erasmus Darwin. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004.

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---. The Georgics. Trans. L. P. Wilkinson. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1982.

---. The Pastoral Poems. Trans. E. V. Rieu. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1954.

Volney, Constantin François de Chasseboeuf, Comte de. Les Ruines, ou Méditations sur les révolutions des empires. Geneva: 1791.

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Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads. London: Longman & Rees, 1802.

---. The Prelude 1799, 1805, 1850. Ed. Jonathan Wordsworth, M. H. Abrams and Stephen Gill. New York & London: Norton, 1979.

Worrall, David. "William Blake and Erasmus Darwin's Botanic Garden." Bulletin of the New York Public Library 78 (1974-5): 397-417.

Wylie, Ian. "Coleridge and the Lunaticks." The Coleridge Connection: Essays for Thomas McFarland. Ed. Richard Gravil and Molly Lefebure. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1990. 25-40.

Yates, Frances. The Rosicrucian Enlightenment. London, Boston & Henley: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1972.

Published @ RC

October 2006