Crane, "Love and Merit in the Maritime Historical Novel: Cooper and Scott"

This essay compares the relationships among sailors in Walter Scott’s novel The Pirate (1821) to the instances of intimate friendship among heroes in The Pilot: A Tale of the Sea (1823) by James Fenimore Cooper, who responds to Scott’s conflation of piracy and democracy by portraying meritocracy as a product of democratic social relations. By placing the feelings of the dashing sailor in the context of eighteenth-century political ideas about gender and friendship, the essay uncovers the relationship between manliness and the politics of feeling in two popular narratives of seafaring in the 1820s. This essay appears in _Sullen Fires Across the Atlantic: Essays in Transatlantic Romanticism_, a volume of _Romantic Circles Praxis Series_, prepared exclusively for Romantic Circles (http://www.rc.umd.edu/), University of Maryland.