Vol 1. No. 1 - Index

Quarterly Review Archive

Quarterly Review
VOLUME 1 , NUMBER 1 (February 1809)


NOTES

  • This Number was published on 1 Mar. 1809
  • The Number was supposed to appear 23 Jan. 1809, as announced in the Monthly Literary Advertiser, 10 Jan. 1809. The desultory work habits of its editor, William Gifford, and that of some of his contributors led to delays. It was a pattern repeated throughout Gifford's tenure, resulting in considerable friction between publisher and editor. On that subject see Publication Dates of the Quarterly Review. Having failed to meet the January deadline, Murray announced the journal's appearance for the first day of March. Walter Scott wrote to John Murray that he saw the Quarterly advertised for that day. Indeed, the following advertisement appeared in the Courier 29 Feb. 1809: 'Tomorrow, the first of March, will be published, in 8vo. / price 5s, the First Number of the Quarterly Review by John Murray, 32, Fleet-street, Hatchard, Piccadilly, and Richardson, Cornhill, London; John Ballantyne and Co. No.48, North Hanover-street, Edinburgh.' Copies of the journal were sent to Scotland in late February (a copy was obtained by Francis Jeffrey, editor of the Edinburgh Review, probably via Archibald Constable, John Murray's some time Edinburgh business partner). Murray wished to have the Quarterly appear at the same time in London and Edinburgh and for that reason delayed its London release for a few days after it was printed (see Smiles, I 143, 145). Ballantyne, Murray's Edinburgh distributor, to whom Murray had granted a one-eighth share in the venture, had copies in hand by 28th February. These were advance copies for himself and Scott. That same day Murray sent to Ballantyne a supply of 200 copies.

  • Murray printed 3000 copies to accommodate anticipated interest; for the next Number Murray expected to print between 1000 and 1500. For this first Number, 850 were sent to Scotland [Smiles, I 147]
  • Imprint during Gifford's tenure varies:
    For most of Gifford's tenure the printer was
    C. Roworth, Bell-yard, Temple Bar.
    Vol. 11 and 14 were not printed by Roworth.
    Vol. 2-8 were co-published with John Murray by Hatchard ..., Richardson ... in London; vol. 2-10, 12 co-published by John Murray and Parker in Oxford and Deighton in Cambridge; vol. 2, 4-10, 12 co-published with John Murray by William Blackwood in Edinburgh; vol. 3 co-published with John Murray by Ballantyne in Edinburgh; vol. 2-5 co-published with John Murray by M.N. Mahon in Dublin; vol. 6-10, 12 co-published with John Murray by J. Cummings in Dublin

  • This Number cost Murray £544. Costs included £70 for printing, £1 for wrappers, £13 for corrections, £1 for a cancelled article (11 pages), £2 for night work, £156 for paper, £43 for stitching, £50 for the editor, £10 for books, postage, carriage, £30 for advertising, £163 for the articles. Murray's loss after all 3000 copies were sold was £19. Murray reprinted the number, 1000 copies, on 14 July 1810. The reprinting sold out. Murray printed a third edition of this Number on 6 May 1811, a run of 1000 copies. The Third Edition cost Murray £123, including £52 for printing, £54 for paper, £14 for stitching, and £3 for advertising. By November 1811, Murray still had on hand 800 copies. [Murray MS., accounts book]

  • Advertisement in Courier, 31 Jan. 1809, announcing the new journal:

    Speedily will be published, the First Number of THE QUARTERLY REVIEW. By John Murray, 32, Fleet-street, London. In announcing this New Literary Journal, the Publisher requests that the First Number may be considered as the Prospectus; while, however, he holds out no promise, he can confidently assert, that the a Gentlemen a who have engaged in this Review have long enjoyed the esteem of the Public, and, could their names be given without injury to the freedom, and the truth of b Criticism, they would b be an honourable pledge c of the c zeal, d the d liberality, and e the e attachment to the interests of Literature f, with which this British Journal will be conducted f. [Cp. Monthly Literary Advertiser No. 45 (10 Jan. 1809) variants (between the corresponding red letters in the text, substitute the following): aa Authors; bb Criticism, would; cc to their; dd their; ee their; ff]

     

  • Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpe, a friend of Walter Scott, submitted an article for QR Number I, but Gifford quietly set it aside [Grierson, I 173, 173n]. It is possible that Sharpe's is the cancelled article recorded in Murray's accounts book (see note above)

  • Items for 1809 from Jack Lynch's literary resources page, slightly modified and with additions:
    • European wars, the American embargo of trans-Atlantic trade, and the continental blockade leave British credit and industry at a dangerously low ebb. General European financial collapse seems increasingly likely.
    • The death of Sir John Moore in the Battle of Coruna (16 Jan. 1809) leads to Wellington's appointment as commander of British troops in the Iberian peninsula. (See QR #46.)
    • France and Austria at war. Vienna falls and Napoleon issues his famous decree annexing the Papal States and stripping the Papacy of temporal rule. Pope Pius VII responds by excommunicating the French Emperor. The Pope is taken prisoner. Napoleon divorces Josephine.
    • Mutiny in Madras, India (see QR #137)
    • Spencer Perceval becomes Prime Minister (Oct. 1809 - May 1812).
    • London Society for Promoting Christianity among the Jews founded; Society for Promoting Observance of the Sabbath founded; British and Foreign Bible Society and Christian Missionary Society gain wide notoriety and support.
    • Charles Darwin, Alfred Tennyson, and William Gladstone born this year.

     

  • Important or otherwise interesting articles in this Number include: #1 (the QR's opening salvo against the Edinburgh Review) and 17

  • Number of definite attributions for this issue: 16

  • Number of probable or possible attributions for this issue: 2

CONTENTS, IDENTIFICATION OF CONTRIBUTORS, AND HISTORICAL NOTES


1 Article 1. Affaires d'Espagne, Nos. 1 to 5—Conféderation des Royaumes et Provinces d'Espagne contre Buonaparte, Nos. 1 to 6, &c., 1-19. Authors: George Ellis, with George Canning.

Running Title: Affairs d'Espagne.

Notes: In co-attributing the article to Ellis and Canning, Shine cites JM III's Register; Smiles I 118; and Holloway in RES X 61, 61n. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM [29 Nov. 1808 postmark], says he has seen Canning and that 'Mr. Ellis has readily undertaken the Spanish article ....'

The following evidence is published here for the first time; the evidence clarifies Ellis's and Canning's respective roles in producing the article. Murray MS., Paid Contributors List for issue Number 1: the same person was paid for articles 1 and 18. Ellis is the author of article 18 (#18). NLS MS. 3878 (f.6), WG to Walter Scott, 20 Jan. 1809: 'Your excellent article is in hand: it will immediately follow that of G. Ellis—for which space is kept, as he is anxious to have the latest information from Spain.' Murray MS., George Ellis to JM, [Feb. 1809], speaks of this article as his. BL MS. 28099 (f.86), WG to Ellis, 15 Nov. 1810: 'I read over yesterday your first Article on Spain with great delight ....' (Ellis wrote a second article on Spain, #46.)

The article indirectly answers Francis Jeffrey and Henry Brougham's October 1808 Edinburgh Review article, 'Don Cevallos on the French Usurpation of Spain' (ER #439). That article, forthright in its declaration of republican principles, contributed to the formation of the QR. Other factors were involved, however, such as the commercial rivalry of John Murray with the publisher of the Edinburgh Review, Archibald Constable, Walter Scott's and other writers' anger over negative or unfair reviews in the Edinburgh, and Robert Southey's and other religious-minded persons' upset over the Edinburgh's anti-Christian bias. In the fall of 1808, WG asked Robert Southey to write on the subject of Spanish resistance. George Canning and John Murray were ready to object as they did not trust Southey's politics, but Southey declined in any case. He desired instead to answer Sydney Smith's Edinburgh Review articles on evangelical missions to India, which he did in article #17.

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'G. Ellis'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Ellis, but without evidence.


2 Article 2. Cromek, Reliques of Robert Burns, consisting chiefly of original Letters, Poems, and Critical Observations on Scottish Songs, 19-36. Author: Walter Scott.

Running Title: Reliques of Robert Burns.

Notes: In attributing the article to Scott, Shine cites JM III's Register; Smiles I 152; Lockhart III 56, IX 27; Cunningham 315; Douglas I 130; Graham 41; and Paston 8n.

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Paid Contributors List for issue Number 1: the same person was paid for articles 2, 13, 15, and 16. Scott is the author of these other articles. NLS MS. 3878 (ff.236-42), WG to Walter Scott, 30 Dec. 1809, for the second printing of this Number he has made a few verbal changes to Scott's article on Burns; '[the article] is a great favourite of mine'. NLS MS. 3878 (ff.239-42), WG to Scott, [Dec. 1808 or Jan. 1809]: 'Campbell, Murray tells me, will be reviewed by Jeffrey. Hoare juvate—If you could oppose him with advantage in Burns—and all here say that you have more novelty, more feeling, and more identity—what may not be done on your own ground.' (Cp. #19.) Murray MS., George Ellis to JM, 3 Mar. 1810, attribution to Scott. Murray MS., 1803-23 Letter Book, JM to Scott, 5 Mar. 1809 [copy]: 'I have the honour to inclose a draft for £— [for] your contribution to the first Number of the Quarterly Review.' See also citation at #1 of NLS MS. 3878 (f.6), WG to Scott, 20 Jan. 1809.

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #440, Jan. 1809, by Francis Jeffrey.

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'W. Scott'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Scott, but without evidence.


3 Article 3. Edwards and Orford, Anecdotes of Painters who have resided or been born in England; with Critical Remarks on their Productions by Edward Edwards, deceased, late Teacher of Perspective, and Associate in the Royal Academy; intended as a Continuation to the Anecdotes of Painting by the late Earl of Orford, 36-49. Author: John Hoppner.

Running Title: Anecdotes of Painters.

Note: In attributing the article to Hoppner, Shine cites JM III's Register; Hoppner xxiii; and Water II 145.

The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: the book reviewed was sent to '<Hoppner>' on 25 Nov. 1808. NLS MS. 3878 (f.6), WG to Walter Scott, 20 Jan. 1809: 'I have a review ... of Memoirs of Painters, by a man with whom I hope to bring you acquainted, if Providence spares his life, for he is now very ill'. (Hoppner died 23 Jan. 1810.) NLS MS. 3878 (ff.239-42), George Ellis told Walter Scott he disliked only this article in the number but that Southey especially liked it.

JM II's marked QR: 'Hoppner'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Hoppner, but without evidence.


4 Article 4. Owenson [Lady Sydney Morgan], Woman; or Ida of Athens. By Miss Owenson, Author of the "Wild Irish Girl," "The Novice of St. Dominick," &c., 50-52. Author: William Gifford.

Running Title: Woman; or, Ida of Athens.

Notes: In attributing the article to Gifford, Shine cites JM III's Register; Jennings I 100; Grierson II 166n, 384n; Clark 184, 193, 196; and Brightfield 332.

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Paid Contributors List for issue Number 1: the same person was paid for articles 4 and 12. Gifford is the author of #12. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: this book was sent to 'Mr G' on 25 Nov. 1808. Murray MS, 1802-23 Letter Book, JM to WG, 7 Mar. 1809 [copy]: 'I inclose a draft for £3.5.7 1/2 for articles 4 & 12 ... with the other drafts ... to every other contributor ....'

JM III's Register: attribution to Gifford, and with the following note: 'See Ellis letter 3d Mar 1809'.


5 Article 5. Wilkins, A Grammar of the Sanskrita Language; Carey, A Grammar of the Sungskrit Language, composed from the works of the most esteemed Grammarians; to which are added examples for the exercise of the Student, and a complete List of the Dhatoos or Roots; Colebrooke, Grammar of the Sanskrit Language, 53-69. Author: Sharon Turner, with John Shore, Lord Teignmouth.

Running Title: Grammars of the Sanskrita Language.

Notes: In attributing the article to Turner, Shine cites JM III's Register; Smiles I 152; and Warter II 145.

The following information, published here for the first time, confirms Turner and suggests Lord Teignmouth's role. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: one of the books reviewed was sent to 'T' on 5 Nov. 1808. NLS MS. 3878 (f.6), WG to Walter Scott, 20 Jan. 1809, says he has had to return a 'Rev. of the Sanskrit Grammar, from a suspicion, in which I was confirmed by Lord Teignmouth, that the writer was not sufficiently deep in the language.' Murray MS., George Ellis to JM, [Feb. 1809], speaks of this article as Turner's. Teignmouth, a former Governor General of India, was an expert on Sanskrit and a friend of WG. In late 1808 he had promised to support the QR. Sanskrit is spelled in the article's head note as above.

[Bookseller's note regarding Wilkins: The first English grammar of the Sanskrit language to be printed outside India. The Devanagari types used are cut and cast by the author himself. Wilkins was considered by his contemporaries the first and foremost Sanskrit scholar in Europe. His grammar was commenced in India, and then continued at Hawkhurst, and finally issued mainly for use at Haileybury in 1808. See Windisch 22-23. Vater p.332. Thonnelier 1480. De Sacy, Catalogue de Bibl. ii, 2933.']

The subject of this article was covered in ER #445, Jan. 1809, by Alexander Hamilton.

JM II's marked QR: 'S. Turner'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Turner, but without evidence.


6 Article 6. Stawell, A Translation of the Georgics of Publius Virgilius Maro, with the Original Text, and Notes critical and illustrative of Ancient and Modern Husbandry; Deare, The Georgics of P. Virgiilus Maro, Translated into English Blank Verse, 69-77. Author: James Pillans.

Running Title: Translations of the Georgics of Virgil.

Notes: In attributing the article to Pillans, Shine cites JM III's Register. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM [Jan. 1809; notation on letter in JM II's hand: 'Inclosing Pillan's article on Virgil's Georgics-for the printer.']: 'I enclose the article on Virgil .... This article is not quite correct; what it wants, however, may be done in the Proofs.'

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., James Pillans to JM, 29 Dec. 1809: 'I expect to be ready by the middle of the week.' NLS MS. 3878 (f.6), WG to Walter Scott, 20 Jan. 1809: 'I have a review of a translation of Virgils Georgics, very palpable'. Note that in the article's head note Virgilius is spelled Virgiilus, as above.

JM III's Register: attribution to Pillans, and with the following note: 'J P's letter Dec 29 1808 among Gifford's'.


7 Article 7. Zouch, Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Sir Philip Sidney, 78-92. Author: Isaac D'Israeli.

Running Title: Life and Writings of Sir Philip Sidney.

Notes: In attributing the article to D'Israeli, Shine cites JM III's Register; Gentleman's Magazine XXI 137; and Graham 41.

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: this book was sent to 'I' on 25 Nov. 1808. NLS MS. 3878 (f.6), WG to Walter Scott, 20 Jan. 1809: 'I have a review ... of Zouch's Life of Sidney, which I have patched and mended as well as I can ....'

JM II's marked QR: 'I. D Israeli'.

JM III's Register: attribution to D'Israeli, but without evidence.


8 Article 8. Cockburn, The Credibility of the Jewish Exodus, defended against some Remarks of Edward Gibbon, Esq. and the Edinburgh Reviewers, 92-96. Author: John Ireland, possibly.

Running Title: Cockburn on the Old Testament.

Notes: In querying its attribution to Ireland, Shine cites JM III's Register. Shine also quotes from Murray MS, WG to JM, [6 Feb. 1809; notation on letter in JM II's hand: 'Sending articles by Drs Ireland and Young.']: 'I send you the Drs which I have carefully corrected; & La Place ... corrected in all but the pointing .... I trust Dr Young will be a powerful combatant for us.' [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: The reference to Ireland in this letter could be to article #7.]

JM III's Register: queries attribution to D'Israeli, and with the following note: 'See W G's letter Feb 6'.


9 Article 9. Speeches of the Right Honourable John Philpot Curran, Master of the Rolls in Ireland, on the late very Interesting State Trials, 96-107. Author: William Erskine, with Walter Scott.

Running Title: Curran's Speeches.

Notes: In attributing the article to Erskine, Shine cites JM III's Register; Grierson II 179; and Smiles I 118-19. [The references in Grierson and Smiles are to Walter Scott to JM, 14 Dec. 1808: 'My friend W. Erskine talks of reviewing Curran's Speeches & McNeills new poem ....'] Shine also cites Smiles I 148: Erskine has received payment.

The following evidence, which indicates Scott's role, is published here for the first time. NLS MS. 3878 (ff.239-42), WG to Walter Scott, [Dec. 1808 or Jan. 1809], says he is pleased William Erskine has agreed to write for the Review. NLS MS. 3878 (f.6), WG to Scott, 20 Jan. 1809: 'Of your little parcel by this day's post, I have only read the Review of Curran: it is admirable, and your addition (for which I thank you) most apposite, and desirable.'

John Philpot Curran (1750-1817), Irish judge, famous orator. Protestant, who stood for Catholic liberties. Called to the Irish bar 1775. M.P. from 1783, member of Grattan's party, advocated parliamentary and political reform. Led defence of the Irish insurrectionaries of 1798. Pugnacious and independent, fought five duels in his lifetime. Despite its title, the volume under review contains a collection of speeches that spans Curran's judicial and parliamentary career.

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #434, Oct. 1808, by Henry Brougham.

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'Erskine'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Erskine, but without evidence.


10 Article 10. Laplace, Théorie de l'Action Capillaire; Supplément au dixième Livre du Traité de Mécanique Céleste, 107-12. Author: Thomas Young.

Running Title: Laplace's Supplement to the Mécanique Céleste.

Notes: In attributing the article to Young, Shine cites JM III's Register, Smiles I 152, and various sources that duplicate Young's definitive MS. list of his QR articles. Shine also quotes from Murray MS, WG to JM, [6 Feb. 1809; notation on letter in JM II's hand: 'Sending articles by Drs Ireland and Young.']: 'I send you the Drs which I have carefully corrected; & La Place ... corrected in all but the pointing .... I trust Dr Young will be a powerful combatant for us.'

The following evidence is published here for the first time. The article appears in Young's definitive MS. list of his QR articles published in [Hudson Gurney], Memoir of ... Young (1831), 56-60. Murray MS., JM III's notes in wooden 'QR' box: 'Thomas Young to JM, 29 Jan. 1809, encloses an article for the Review.' Murray MS., George Ellis to JM, 3 Mar. 1810, attribution to Young.

Young's pioneering etymological labours made possible Champollion's breaking the seal on Egyptian hieroglyphs. For a brief comment on British attitudes toward Continental science that explains Young's attitude in this article, connect offsite to The Introduction of Analysis into England.

Laplace's System of the World was reviewed in ER #504, Jan. 1810, by John Playfair.

JM II's marked QR: 'Dr Young'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Young, but without evidence.


11 Article 11. Pinkerton, An Essay on Medals; or an Introduction to the Knowledge of Ancient and Modern Coins and Medals, especially those of Greece, Rome, and Britain, 112-31. Author: Barré Charles Roberts.

Running Title: Pinkerton on Medals.

Notes: In attributing the article to Roberts, Shine cites JM III's Register; Smiles I 151; Warter II 145; QR XII 519; DNB; and Bedford xxxix, 336-55. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, 9 Feb. 1809: [notation on letter in JM II's hand: 'Article on Pinkerton.']: 'I send a very clever article by Mr Roberts.'

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Barré Charles Roberts to JM, 10 Mar. 1809: [notation on letter in JM II's hand: 'ack. py't for art. 11 in QR No 1'].

[Bookseller's note: 'An important and relatively early work on coins medals and medallions in the ancient and then modern world including chapters on conservation and counterfeits.']

Pinkerton's Geography was reviewed in ER #351, Apr. 1807, by William Stevenson.

JM III's Register: attribution to Roberts, and with the following note: 'Feb 9 W G writes J M 'I send you a very clever article by Mr Roberts'.


12 Article 12. Public Characters of 1809-10, 132-33. Author: William Gifford.

Running Title: Public Characters of 1809-10.

Note: In attributing the article to Gifford, Shine cites only JM III's Register.

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Paid Contributors List for issue Number 1: the same person was paid for articles 4 and 12. Gifford was the author of #4. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: the book reviewed was sent to 'Mr G' on 25 Nov. 1808. Murray MS, 1802-23 Letter Book, JM to WG, 7 Mar. 1809 [copy]: 'I inclose a draft for £3.5.7 1/2 for articles 4 & 12 ... with the other drafts ... to every other contributor ....' WG is one of the 'public characters' on display in the book under review.

JM II's marked QR: 'Gifford'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Gifford, citing JM II's marked QR.


13 Article 13. Southey, Chronicle of the Cid Rodrigo Diaz de Bivar, the Campeador, from the Spanish, 134-53. Author: Walter Scott.

Running Title: Chronicle of the Cid.

Notes: In attributing the article to Scott, Shine cites JM III's Register; Robberds II 266, 299; Lockhart III 56, IX 276; Warter II 307; Gentleman's Magazine XXI 136; Smiles I 118-19; Southey 245, 251; and Warter II 145.

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Paid Contributors List for issue Number 1: the same person was paid for articles 2, 13, 15, and 16. Scott is the author of these other articles. Grierson II 157 quotes Scott to JM, 28 Jan. [1809]: 'I expect McNeile &c without delay & will finish the Cid & I think Swift also this week.'

JM III's Register: attribution to Scott, but without evidence.


14 Article 14. Accum, A Manual of Analytical Mineralogy &c &c, 153-61. Author: John Kidd, probably.

Running Title: Accum on Mineralogy.

Notes: In attributing the article to Kidd, Shine cites only JM III's Register.

The following information is published here for the first time. Murray MS., JM III's notes in wooden 'QR' box: '1809 ... W Gifford ... Feb. 1 Dr Kidd & Dean of Ch[rist]: Ch[urch] enlisted.'

JM II's marked QR: 'Dr Kidd Oxford.'

JM III's Register: attribution to Kidd, but without evidence.


15 Article 15. Barrett, An Essay on the Earlier Part of the Life of Swift, by the Rev. John Barrett, D. D[.] and Vice Provost of Trinity College, Dublin. To which are subjoined various Pieces ascribed to Swift, Two of his original Letters, and Extracts from his Remarks on Bishop Burnett's History, 162-77. Author: Walter Scott.

Running Title: Life of Swift.

Notes: In attributing the article to Scott, Shine cites JM III's Register; Grierson II 161n, VI 200, 200n; Douglas I 130; Paston 8, 8n; and says to see also Smiles I 142; Grierson II 146, 200n; and Warter II 145.

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Paid Contributors List for issue Number 1: the same person was paid for articles 2, 13, 15, and 16. Scott is the author of these other articles. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: the book reviewed was sent to 'Mr S' on 25 Nov. 1808. Grierson II 161 quotes Walter Scott to JM, 2 Feb. 1809: 'I enclose the promised Swift & am now I think personally out of your debt though I will endeavour to fill up the gaps if I do not receive the contributions I expect from others ....' Grierson II 161 also quotes Scott to JM, 4 Jan. 1809: 'I will review the Addenda to Swift as all the materials are fresh in my head.' See also evidence at #13.

JM II's marked QR: 'W Scott'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Scott, but without evidence.


16 Article 16. Carr, Caledonian Sketches, or a Tour through Scotland in 1807. To which is prefixed an Explanatory Address to the Public upon a recent Trial, 178-93. Author: Walter Scott, with William Gifford.

Running Title: Carr's Caledonian Sketches.

Notes: In co-attributing the article to Scott and Gifford, Shine cites JM III's Register; Lockhart III 56-57; Scott; Grierson II 101-2, 102n; Douglas I 130; Paston 8n2; and says to see also Grierson II 157-58; Smiles I 117, 144; and Warter II 145. Shine also quotes from the following two letters. Murray MS., WG to JM, [18 Feb. 1809]: 'I send you the whole of Sir John with the exception of p.13 & 14 between which what little I have to say must come in.... I will certainly finish Sir John—perhaps two pages or certainly two and half will suffice.' Murray MS., WG to JM, [18 Feb. 1809]: 'The knight's absurdities are ... gross and frequent ... I am tired. Perhaps the enclosed are quite sufficient .... Our friend's last scrap I do not understand. He appears to have mistaken Sir John.... I thought of writing more, but tis impossible.... You know mine comes in after page 12.'

The following information is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Paid Contributors List for issue Number 1: the same person was paid for articles 2, 13, 15, and 16. Scott is the author of these other articles. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: the book reviewed was sent to 'Mr S' on 25 Nov. 1808. NLS MS. 3878 (f.6), WG to Walter Scott, 20 Jan. 1809: 'You will have, by the Mail of this evening, the Scottish Expedition of the far-famed Sir J. Carr. This promises well for the world. He is, I understand, a good natured fool ....' Grierson II 157 quotes Scott to JM, 28 Jan. [1809]: 'Tomorrow I send him [Gifford] a whiskey-frisky article on Sir John ....' NLS MS. 3878 (ff.239-42), WG to Scott, [Mar. 1809]: 'Sir John Carr has set half the town a grinning—Can not you find out some poor but presumptuous devil to laugh at again? Why will not blockheads be more alert, and do something to serve us?'

Carr's Tour in Holland and Germany was reviewed in ER #343, July 1807, by R. Lovell Edgeworth. Two earlier works by Carr were also reviewed in the ER (see WI).

JM II's marked QR: 'W Scott'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Scott, but without evidence


17 Article 17. Periodical Accounts relative to the Baptist Missionary Society; Major John Scott Waring—Twining, Vindication of the Hindoos, &c. &c., 193-226. Author: Robert Southey.

Running Title: Account of the Baptist Missionary Society.

Note: In attributing the article to Southey, Shine cites JM III's Register; Warter II 144; Smiles I 153; Cottle 242-43; Southey 254, 257, 577; Robberds II 275-76; Grierson II 196, 236, 236n; Gentleman's Magazine XXI 137; Graham in PQ II 97; Clark 179; Holloway in RES X 62; Simmons 129; and says to see also Warter II 114, 148; Southey 245, 248, 255; Grierson II 160; Smiles I 116, 117, 146; and Wilberforce II 264. Shine also quotes from the following two letters. BL Add. MS. 30928 [no folio number given], Robert Southey to Charles Danvers, 5 Jan. 1809: 'I have been writing a long article for the new Review.... What I have been writing for it is a defence of the Baptist Missionaries....' Murray MS., WG to JM, [26 Feb. 1809]: ' In Southey's article there are two slight alterations which ... you might make. Sieks is in one place misspelt Seeks and Persic should be printed instead of Persian.' [Cp. pp. 212 and 225 of the article.]

The following evidence is published here for the first time. The article appears in Southey's definitive MS. list of his QR articles. NLS MS. 3878 (f.6), WG to Walter Scott, 20 Jan. 1809: 'I had forgot [in listing articles for this Number] the Missionaries, which is exceedingly interesting; and on which I shall commit as few depredations as possible, mindful of the hint which you so kindly gave me. S. has rushed ense stricto on the Edin[burgh]. R[eview]. This shall be remedied.' Murray MS., George Ellis to JM, 3 Mar. 1810, attribution to Southey.

The article addresses, by answering the anti-missionary pamphlet listed in the head note, a series of articles by Sydney Smith in the Edinburgh Review. Smith had satirized evangelicalism, India missionaries, and the influence of the Clapham Sect (evangelical parliamentarians under William Wilberforce, popularly known as the Saints) on missionary work in India. Smith's articles are: ER 11 (Jan. 1808):340-62; 12 (Apr. 1808): 151-81; 14 (Apr. 1809): 40-50. In two of these articles, Smith took the 1806 Vellore Mutiny in India as occasion for attacking India missions in particular and evangelicalism in general. Sepoys at Vellore had killed a number of British soldiers and expatriates. British authorities had covered up their own culpability in the affair (they had attempted to replace the Sepoys' turban with British military headgear) by shifting the blame to Baptist missionaries at Serampore for supposedly inflaming the Sepoys' religious zeal. A pamphlet war in England had ensued between evangelical and anti-missionary factions in the East India Company: Scott Waring and Thomas Twining for the anti-missions faction, and, for the evangelicals, two members of the Clapham Sect, Charles Grant, the powerful East India Company chairman, and Lord Teignmouth, former Governor General of India. Partly because he was offended by Smith's articles, in early 1808 Southey refused Walter Scott's request that he write for the Edinburgh Review. Pointing to the anti-Christian bias of the journal, and citing Smith's articles in particular, Southey attempted to shame Scott into breaking his association with the Edinburgh. Scott was deeply affected by Southey's action and arguments. These circumstances played a considerable role in the formation of the QR.

JM II's marked QR: 'Southey'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Southey, but without evidence.


18 Article 18. Vaughan, Narrative of the Siege of Zaragoza. Second Edition, 226-31. Author: George Ellis.

Running Title: Vaughan's Siege of Zaragoza.

Note: In attributing the article to Ellis, Shine cites only JM III's Register.

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Paid Contributors List for issue Number 1: the same person was paid for articles 1 and 18. Ellis was the author of article #1. Murray MS., George Ellis to JM, 1 Feb. 1809, promises an article on this subject.

The subjects of the article, the siege of Zaragoza, and its defence by the Spanish soldier Palafox, are celebrated by William Wordsworth in 'Hail—Zaragoza! If with unwet eye' and 'Ah! where is Palafox—Nor tongue nor pen'.

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #468, Apr. 1809, by Henry Brougham.

JM II's marked QR: 'Geo Ellis'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Ellis, but without evidence.

Published @ RC

February 2005

Continent