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Quarterly Review Archive

Quarterly Review
VOLUME 8 , NUMBER 15 (September 1812)


NOTES

  • This Number was published 15 Dec. 1812 [Courier advertisement, 17 Dec. 1812. ]

  • This Number initially sold about 4500 of 5500 printed [Murray MS., Cash Day Book]

  • Textual note to first edition: Printer's tag on  page 1 incorrectly identifies the issue as 'VOL. VII. NO. 15.'

  • Harewood MS., WG to George Canning, 21 Oct. 1812, says that the election has cost the Review a few articles, making this Number a makeshift

  • Parliament, that had been in session from 22 June 1807, was prorogued 29 Sept. 1812 and summoned again 24 Nov. 1812. Liverpool led the new government, formed in June 1812

  • The following advertisement appears at the bottom of the table of contents in Number 15:

    Early in April will appear No. 1. of a new Periodical Publication, from the
    Cambridge University Press, to be called

    MUSEUM CRITICUM;
    or
    CAMBRIDGE CLASSICAL RESEARCHES.  

       

    The sole object of this Work is the promotion of Classical Literature in its various departments.
    The Number will appear once in Three or Four Months. The Price of each will be about 4s.

    Printed for John Murray, 50, Albemarle-street; J. Mawman, Ludgate-hill; T. Payne, Pall-mall; Deighton, Cambridge; Parker, Oxford; and W. Blackwood, Edinburgh.
  • The following note appears on page 230: 'A Note on the submuriate of Lead in our next' [the promised note appeared in Number 16 on page 517; it is a note to #210]

  • In August General Brock defeated the Americans at Queenston Heights, Upper Canada

  • Important or otherwise interesting articles in this Number include: #207, #219

  • Number of definite attributions for this issue: 11

  • Number of probable or possible attributions for this issue: 3

CONTENTS, IDENTIFICATION OF CONTRIBUTORS, AND HISTORICAL NOTES


207 Article 1. First Annual Report of the National Society for promoting the Education of the Poor in the Principles of the Established Church. With an Account of the Proceedings for the Formation of the Society, and an Appendix of Documents; together with a List of Subscribers to the Society in London, and to Societies in the Country, in Union with the National Society, 1-27. Author: Hebert Marsh.

Running Title: First Report on National Education.

Notes: In attributing the article to George Canning, Shine cites only Gentleman's Magazine XXI 139. 

The following evidence was first published in VPR 27. Harewood MS., WG to George Canning, 22 Sept. 1812, 'The Bishops have forced upon me an Art. on National Education by Herbert Marsh.' 'The Bishops' probably refers to Bishop Blomfield. At the time this article appeared, Marsh was a prominent advocate of a national education system. The volume under review was published by John Murray. 


208 Article 2. Pering, A Brief Inquiry into the Causes of premature Decay in our Wooden Bulwarks, with an Examination for the Means best calculated to prolong their Duration; Money, Observations on the Expediency of Ship-building at Bombay for the Service of His Majesty and of the East India Company, 28-60. Author: John Barrow.

Running Title: Pering and Money on Ship-building.

Notes: In attributing the article to Barrow, Shine cites JM III's Register and Smiles I 284n. Shine also quotes from the following letters. Murray MS., WG to JM, 21 Aug. 1812: 'Mr Barrows article on ship building will be highly valuable. He is now about it.' Murray MS., WG to JM, [21 Sept. 1812]: 'Mr Barrow has sent his art on Shipbuilding ...' Murray MS., WG to JM, [6 Oct. 1812]: 'I send you plenty of Ship-building ... Mr Barrow means to shew his Art to some of the old Admirals ....' Murray MS., WG to JM, [26 Nov. 1812]: 'Barrow's single article on Ship-building is worth the whole [of British Review, No. 7] ten times told.'

The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. The problem of dry-rot was a serious issue for a nation that had invested a fortune in her navy, her bulwark against invasion. The article is referred to at #260 and in #704, both of which are articles by Barrow. The discussion in #208 page 32ff. is repeated in #219 at pp.21-26, an article that is also by Barrow. In his QR articles, it was Barrow's signature practice to refer to his own works. Murray MS., Sylvester Douglas to JM, 30 Nov. 1813, refers to 'Mr Barrow's article on ship-building' in a former Number (i.e., #208). Article #208 is the first in a series of articles by Barrow on dry-rot. The series includes #208, #245, #260, #280, #297, #320, #328, #514, #704, and #341WI.  

JM III's Register: attribution to Barrow, but without evidence. 


209 Article 3. Specimens of a New Translation of Juvenal, 60-65. Author: William Gifford, probably.

Running Title: Specimens of a New Translation of Juvenal.

Notes: In attributing the article to Gifford, Shine cites only JM III's Register. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. The article bears every mark of WG's writing, including brevity. WG himself edited Juvenal.

JM II's marked QR: 'Gifford?'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Gifford, but without evidence.


210 Article 4. Davy, Elements of Chemical Philosophy, 65-86. Author: Thomas Young.

Running Title: Davy's Elements of Chemical Philosophy.

Notes: In attributing the article to Young, Shine cites JM III's Register; Brande XXVIII 157; Gentleman's Magazine XXI 139; and Pettigrew IV 21.

The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. The article is in Young's MS. list of his QR articles. 

The Edinburgh Review followed Davy's researches in a series of articles by Henry Brougham, the latest of which, a review of Oxymuratic Acid, was ER #551, Feb. 1811.

JM III's Register: attribution to Young, but without evidence.


211 Article 5. Landor, Count Julian: a Tragedy, 86-92. Author: Robert Southey.

Running Title: Count Julian: a Tragedy.

Notes: In attributing the article to Southey, Shine cites JM III's Register; Cottle 242-43; Southey 577; Forster 214; Graham 41; and Clark 235. Shine also quotes from BL MS., 30928 [no folio number given], Robert Southey to Charles Danvers, 5 Jan. 1813: 'In the last Quarterly I reviewed Landor's Play, & the Calamities of Authors ....' 

The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. The article is in Southey's definitive MS. list of his QR articles. The book reviewed was published by John Murray.

JM II's marked QR: 'Southey'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Southey, but without evidence.


212 Article 6. [D'Israeli,] Calamities of Authors; including some Inquiries respecting their moral and literary Characters, 93-114. Author: Robert Southey.

Running Title: D'Israeli's Calamities of Authors.

Notes: In attributing the article to Southey, Shine cites JM III's Register; Cottle 242-43; Southey 291, 577; Graham 41; and CHEL XII 405, 405n. Shine says to see also Smiles 214, 237 and Grierson III 135, 135n. Shine quotes from the following letters. BL MS., 30928 [no folio number given], Robert Southey to Charles Danvers, 5 Jan. 1813: 'In the last Quarterly I reviewed Landor's Play, & the Calamities of Authors ....' BL MS., 28603 [no folio number given], Southey to William Peachey, 22 Jan. 1813: 'In the last number I reviewed the Calamities of Authors.'

The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. The article is in Southey's definitive MS. list of his QR articles. The book reviewed was published by Murray.

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'Southey'.  

JM III's Register: attribution to Southey, but without evidence.


213 Article 7. Macpherson, The History of European Commerce with India. To which is subjoined, a Review of the Arguments for and against the Trade with India, and the Management of it by a Chartered Company. With an Appendix of authentic Accounts, 114-144. Author: George Ellis, possibly with George Canning.

Running Title: Macpherson's European Commerce with India. 

Notes: In attributing the article to Ellis, Shine cites only JM III's Register.

The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. BL MS., 28099 (f.101), WG to George Ellis, 15 July 1812: 'You said something about an Indian Art. Is it forthcoming.' BL MS., 28099 (f.107), WG to Ellis, 20 July 1812: 'For God's sake, my dear friend, put the East Indian in your p<a>cket .... We will set the article up for the opening (the 1st Art) of our next No.' Murray MS., Ellis to JM, 10 Aug. 1812, says that at WG's request he sends the article on the 'East India Trade Question'. Harewood MS., WG to George Canning, 22 Sept 1812, encloses 'George's article,' says its only fault is it flatters 'the Company,' and asks if the language should be made 'less affirmative.' Harewood MS., WG to Canning, 21 Oct. 1812, critical of Ellis 'saying too much for the ^ E.I. Company.' The East India Company is also discussed in articles #221 and #244.

JM III's Register: attribution to Ellis citing unspecified letters.  


214 Article 8. Colman, Poetical Vagaries, 144-49. Author: John Wilson Croker.

Running Title: Colman's Poetical Vagaries.

Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register; Graham 41; Clark 68, 68n; and Brightfield 454. Shine also quotes from Iowa MS., WG to John Wilson Croker, n.d.: 'The facetious Mr Coleman has written against us a poem with notes. Seeing that your criticisms excite so much attention—I wish you would extend them.'

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., WG to JM, [3? July 1813 postmark]: 'Colman I see advertised. Would you have me try to get at Mr Croker once more?—If the book be worth reviewing, he is the only person to do it, & I will write to him.'  Claimed by Croker in five of his Clements Library MS. lists (though one entry is queried) and included in the Cambridge Library bound volumes of Croker's articles.

JM II's marked QR: 'Croker'. 

JM III's Register: attribution to Croker.


215 Article 9. Playfair, Outlines of Natural Philosophy; being Heads of Lectures delivered in the University of Edinburgh, 149-63. Author: Olinthus Gregory, probably.

Running Title: Playfair's Outlines of Natural Philosophy.

Notes: In attributing the article to Thomas Young, Shine cites only JM III's Register. 

The attribution to Gregory was first published in VPR 28. Some of the following information is published here for the first time. The article is not on Young's definitive MS. list of his QR articles. Internal and circumstantial evidence suggest Gregory. Note emphasis on mathematical formulae. (It appears that at this time mathematics was Gregory's preserve in the QR. Cf. #103 and #186, articles by Gregory.) The criticism of Bossut on pages 157, 158 is similar to that in #144, which is also probably by Gregory. John Murray was one of the London publishers of the volume under review. John Playfair was a major contributor to the Edinburgh Review.

JM III's Register: attribution to Thomas Young, but without evidence. 


216 Article 10. Galt, Life and Administration of Cardinal Wolsey, 163-72. Author: Thomas Dunham Whitaker.

Running Title: Galt's Life of Cardinal Wolsey.

Notes: In attributing the article to Whitaker, Shine cites JM III's Register and Nichols xxix. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [Oct. 1812, numbered 205]: 'Dr Whitaker has just sent me Galt.' 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., John Galt to Robert Hay, 21 Mar. 1814, accuses Hay of libeling him in this article. Murray MS., WG to Hay, 22 Mar. 1814, says the 'article was written by a grave Doctor in a wig more portentous than the hair of any comet that ever lived.'

JM III's Register: attribution to Whitaker and with the following note: 'W G's letter (No 205).'


217 Article 11. The GENUINE Rejected Addresses presented to the Committee of Management for Drury Lane Theatre; preceded by that written by Lord Byron, and adopted by the Committee; Rejected Addresses; or, the New Theatrum Poetarum, 172-81. Author: John Wilson Croker.

Running Title: Rejected Addresses.

Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register; Graham 41; Clark 229; and Brightfield 454. Shine says to see also Smiles 218. Shine quotes from Iowa MS., JM to John Wilson Croker, n.d.: 'I will send you tomorrow duplicate proofs of The Rejected addresses, one to correct & to forward to Mr G—& one to retain ....' 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: one of the books reviewed was sent to 'J W Croker' on 8 Nov. 1811. Claimed by Croker in four of his Clements Library MS. lists and included in the Cambridge Library bound volumes of Croker's articles. 

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #620, Nov. 1812, by Francis Jeffrey.

JM III's Register: attribution to Croker, citing unspecified letters.


218 Article 12. [Woodhouselee,] A Historical and Critical Essay on the Life and Character of Petrarch, 181-93. Author: John Penrose, with Walter Scott.

Running Title: An Essay on the Life and Character of Petrarch.

Notes: In attributing the article to Penrose, Shine cites JM III's Register and notes its citation of JM II's marked QR. In suggesting Walter Scott as a queried alternative attribution, Shine cites Kern in MLQ VI 327-28 and says to see also Grierson II 410.

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Two years passed between the composition and the publication of this article. NLS MS. 3879 (f.60), WG to Walter Scott, 30 Apr. 1810: 'I hope, also, to receive your Petrarch.' NLS MS. 3879 (f.79) WG to Scott, 9 May 1810: '[Richard] Heber ... seems leagued to perplex you. Last night he brought me a review of the Life of Petrarch from his friend Penrose ....' NLS MS. 3879 (f.116), WG to Scott, 24 May 1810: 'I wish from my heart that our worthy friend [Heber] ... had left both Crabbe [see #115] & Petrarch to your care, as I have been obliged to return the latter for the writer's revision (—to say the truth their was a sharpness in one or two places, which I did not think at all necessary—) ....' NLS MS. 3879 (f.197), WG to Scott, 22 Sept. 1810: 'Another thing I must send you. The Review of Petrarch, & into which you may & I hope will slyly slip a morsel or two of praise on Lord W[oodhouselee, Alexander Fraser Tytler].' NLS MS. 3879 (f.228), WG to Scott, 27 Oct. 1810: 'I hope Murray has sent you the Petrarch, as I shall want it for this No. What I wish to have is any little compliment to your good friend; for I think that the substance of our review is correct.' NLS MS. 3879 (f.262), WG to Scott, 22 Nov. 1810: 'Pray have the goodness to return us the Petrarch, which we want for this No.' NLS MS. 852 (ff. 37-38), Scott to JM, 3 Dec. 1810 (copy), says he has sent 'Petrarch,' wants it much modified as it would be 'disagreeable in its present shape to Lord W[oodhouselee],' and promises to 'fill the gap.' Murray MS., WG to John Taylor Coleridge, 7 Nov. 1820, Penrose was angry when, having been asked for corrections and after much delay, his review was finally inserted. 'I have had more complaints about the delay of this Art. than of all the rest of the Revw. together.' Anne Cleaver, of Little Missendon, Buckinghamshire, a contemporary subscriber to the QR, in her copy of Number 15 noted in pencil at Article 12 'the Honble Alexander Fraser Tytler.' [Present writer's collection.]

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'Rev. Penrose / friend of / Ld/ Egremont'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Penrose, citing JM II's marked QR, and with the following note: 'Mr P. was a friend of Lord Egremont.'


219 Article 13. [Lowell,] Madison's War. A dispassionate Inquiry into the Reasons alleged by Mr. Madison for declaring an offensive and ruinous War against Great Britain; together with some Suggestions as to a peaceable and constitutional Mode of averting that dreadful Calamity. By a New England Farmer. Second Edition, 193-214. Author: John Barrow.

Running Title: Mr. Madison's War.

Notes: In attributing the article to  Barrow, Shine cites the queried attribution in JM III's Register and notes its citation of JM II's marked QR. Shine also quotes from the following letters. Murray MS., WG to JM, [21 Sept. 1812]: 'Mr Barrow ... means to go to work—at least I hope so, on an excellent American pamphlet which the Consul has just sent to the Admiralty.' Murray MS., WG to JM, 26 Nov. 1812: 'America is returned—with nothing altered but the conclusion—except what B himself has done.'

The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. Harewood MS., WG to George Canning, 22 Sept. 1812: 'Barrow [is reviewing] an American pamphlet ... which affords ... a better justification of the Orders [in Council] than has yet been publicly made in this country.' The article continues the defence of the Orders in Council commenced in #180, which is also by Barrow.  Cf. 'We were always of the opinion, from the general conduct of Mr. Madison, coupled with his well known predilection for French principles, that a secret understanding existed between him and Buonaparte' (p.193) with a similar sentiment in #180 (p.7). This article is referred to in #282, which is also by Barrow. In his QR articles, it was Barrow's signature practice to refer to his own works. 

The subject of this article, the War of 1812, was reviewed in ER #621, Nov. 1812, probably by Francis Jeffrey, and again in ER #707, Nov. 1814, by Francis Jeffrey. The Orders in Council were the subject of ER #610, July 1812, by James Loch and Francis Jeffrey.

[Bookseller's note: 'Lowell retired early from a highly successful legal career out of consideration for his declining health, and promptly applied himself to farming on scientific principles and to embroiling himself in contemporary political dialogue. Sometimes called "the little Rebel" or "the Boston Rebel," the New England Federalist opposed Madison's policies, the proposed French alliance, and the War of 1812. This pamphlet went through eight printings in 1812, the year of its first publication; it argues that the war would serve no purpose other than promoting French interests and wronging Great Britain. Shaw and Shoemaker 25897; Sabin 42452. On Lowell, see: Dictionary of American Biography, XI, 46566.']

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'Q[UER]Y Barrow'.

JM III's Register: queried attribution to Barrow, and cites JM II's marked QR.


220 Article 14. &#917&#933&#929&#921&#928&#921&#916&#927&#933 &#921&#928&#928&#927&#923&#933&#932&#927&#931 &#931&#932&#917&#934&#913&#925&#919&#934&#927&#929&#927&#931. Euripidis Hippolytus Coronifer. Ad fidem Manuscriptorum ac veterum editionum ememdavit et annotationibus instruxit Jacobus Henricus Monk, A. M. SS. Trinitatis Collegii Socius, et Grœcarum Literarum apud Cantabrigienses Professor Regius. Cantabrigiæ. Typis ac Sumptibus Academicis excudit J. Smith, 215-27; [additional notes], 227-28; 'Appendix,' 229-30. Author: Peter Elmsley, probably.

Running Title: Monk's Euripidis Hippolytus.

Notes: In attributing the article to Elmsley, Shine cites only JM III's Register. In suggesting Charles James Blomfield as an alternative attribution, Shine cites the DNB article on James Henry Monk. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. An 'accidental delay in the printing of [the] article' allowed the author to append at pp.227-30 one page of additional notes and two pages of additional notes to #206, the latter an article by Elmsley. Article #220 is referred to at #381, an article by Charles James Blomfield. The reviewer in #220 defines the Porsonian school of textual editing. 

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'Elmsley'. 

JM III's Register: attribution to Elmsley, but without evidence.

Published @ RC

February 2005

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