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Quarterly Review Archive

Quarterly Review
VOLUME 8 , NUMBER 16 (December 1812)


NOTES

  • This Number was published 5 Mar. 1813 [Courier advertisement, 5 Mar. 1813]

  • This Number initially sold about 6000

  • The note on the 'submuriate of Lead' promised at the end of Number 15 appears, following the 'List of New Publications', on page 517 of this Number. It is a note to #210

  • JM III suggests in his Register that there was an article in Number 16 by a man named Horsely, apparently a confusion, for Horsley is the subject of a review in #234, by Thomas Dunham Whitaker

  • JM enlisted John Wilson Croker to marshal positive reviews in the Naval Chronicle and in the British Critic of Southey's Nelson (1813),  a publication that was an expanded version of Southey's popular QR article on Nelson, #84 [Clements Library MS., Croker Papers, uncatalogued material, Box 8, Murray to Croker, Wednesday, n.d., but 1813]

  • Items for 1813 from Jack Lynch's literary resources page, with additions:

    • Napoleon, defeated in Russia is in full retreat across northern Europe, pursued by Russian and Prussian forces. (See QR #231 and #329)
    • Germany is liberated from French rule.
    • Wellington invades Spain from Portugal and liberates the peninsula from Napoleonic rule. Now at war with the British, Austrian, and Russian Empires, Napoleon's forces are driven from Holland, Italy, and Switzerland.
    • American forces are victorious over the British in a naval battle on Lake Erie.
    • Catholic Emancipation is defeated in the House of Lords by the Speaker's vote; India is opened to missionary activity; Unitarian relief act removes disabilities; women are admitted to Church Missionary Society meetings; 53 Geo. III c.149 enforces duty of maintaining curates.
    • Leigh Hunt is imprisoned for libel against the Prince Regent.
    • Southey is appointed Poet Laureate after Scott has already declined the position.
    • Austen publishes Pride and Prejudice; Shelley publishes Queen Mab.
  • Important or otherwise interesting articles in this Number include: #221, #230, #231, #232

  • Number of definite attributions for this issue: 6

  • Number of probable or possible attributions for this issue: 5

  • Number of articles for which no suggestion of authorship is made: 1

CONTENTS, IDENTIFICATION OF CONTRIBUTORS, AND HISTORICAL NOTES


221 Article 1. Papers respecting the Negociation for a Renewal of the East India Company's exclusive Privileges; Petitions of the Merchants and Manufacturers of Bristol, Liverpool, Glasgow, &c. against the Renewal of the Company's Charter, &c., 239-86. Author: John Barrow, probably.

Running Title: Papers respecting the E. I. Company's Charter.

Notes: In the absence of guidance from JM III's Register, Shine does not suggest an author for this article.  

Discussion of this article is published in VPR 28. The following information and evidence is published here for the first time. WG wrote to JM in March 1813 to tell him that the Secretary of State of the India Board of Control (Thomas Courtenay) was waiting for him with a letter from the Prime Minister asking for treatment in the QR favourable to the East India Company question, which is to say supportive of its monopoly of the India trade. (The Company's charter was up for renewal in 1814.) The following day, Government sent John Wilson Croker to WG to plead its case. WG proudly stood up for the QR's independence by insisting that the reviewer would take his own line on the issue. 

Murray MS., WG to JM, [Mar. 1813; letter Number '215']: 'On my return I found the Secretary of State of the India Board of Control [Thomas Courtenay] waiting for me with this pretty modest letter—The Government People must be out of their senses to ask such things—Send back the letter this evening, &, if you like, you may add your answer—if not, it is not difficult to know what to say. I have appointed to-morrow evening for the interview.' The article continues the discussion of the Charter from #213, which is by George Ellis. The author of the article refers on page 272n to article #85 and on page 265 to article #298, both of which are by Barrow. Barrow's Travels in China is quoted on p.276. It was Barrow's signature practice in his QR articles to refer to his own works. Note the extended discussion of China (pp.271-79). The author expresses familiarity with Admiralty (p.286). Note adoption of Buchanan's arguments in favour of an Anglo-Indian Church establishment (p.285); Barrow expresses support of Buchanan's position elsewhere. Fetter: George Ellis, cites 'Murray', Ellis letters (but see #213 above and #232 below).


222 Article 2. [Barante,] De la Littérateur Française pendant le 18me Siècle, 287-301. Author: John Herman Merivale, probably.

Running Title: Littérateur Française pendant le 18me Siècle.

Notes: In attributing the article to Merivale, Shine cites only JM III's Register.

The following evidence was first published in VPR 28. Murray MS., John Barrow to JM, 26 Apr. 1813, having spoken of his own article on South Africa (#226), says JM 'may safely rely on Doctr Merivalle—being twice as much read as the German Doctor.' Certainly in Merivale's style. Note adoption of the form Louis the Fourteenth (p.289) with 'Henry the Seventh' etc. in #200, #238, #256, #263, #306, all of which are by Merivale. Note as well the author's philo-Gallicism, characteristic of Merivale, rare in the QR.

[Bookseller's note: The author of the work is A.G.P. Brugiere de Barante. 'The work was published In 1808, although it was written as early as 1805. The work 'attira immédiatement l'attention du public. L'ouvrage eut de multiples éditions et devint fort populaire. L'auteur considérait la littérature dans son influence sur les idées, les moeurs et les croyances de la nation. Mme de Staël lui consacra une critique élogieuse, contribuant à lancer son ami dans les voies de la célébrité littéraire.' (Dictionnaire de Biographie Française, vol. 5, col. 177-178)']

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'Merivale'. 

JM III's Register: attribution to 'H Merivale (senior)'


223 Article 3. An Historical Sketch of the last Years of the Reign of Gustavus Adolphus the IVth, late King of Sweden, 302-18. Author: Reginald Heber.

Running Title: Last Years of the Reign of Gustavus Adolphus IV.

Notes: In attributing the article to Heber, Shine cites JM III's Register; Heber I 369, 369n; and Gentleman's Magazine XXI 139.

Heber I 369: Reginald Heber to Robert Wilmot, 5 Dec. 1812, speaking of his article in QR on Gustavus Adolphus, is vexed at WG's delay in publishing it when he submitted it on time; it will appear in the next Number.

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: a 'Life of King of Sweden' sent to 'R Heber' in Aug. 1812. Note the author's use of the form 'Charles the XIIth,' 'Gustavas the IIId' etc., characteristic of Heber's practice.

[Bookseller's note: 'Said to be the first Swedish book translated into English.']

JM III's Register: attribution to Heber, but without evidence. 


224 Article 4. Colquhoun, Propositions for ameliorating the Condition of the Poor, and for improving the moral Habits, and increasing the Comforts of the labouring People, by Regulations calculated to reduce the parochial Rates of the Kingdom, and generally to promote the Happiness and Security of the Community at large, by the Diminution of immoral and penal Offences, and the future Prevention of Crimes, &c., &c., 319-56. Author: Robert Southey, and possibly with John Rickman.

Running Title: Inquiry into the Poor Laws, &c.

Notes: In attributing the article to Southey, Shine cites JM III's Register; Rickman 191: 'castration ... by Croker and Gifford.' Robinson I 127; Southey 338, 577; Cottle 242-43; Warter III 44; Southey's Essays I 75-155; Gentleman's Magazine XXI 139; QR CCX 746; and Graham 16. Shine says to see also Warter II 267; 283, 304; Rickman 157; and Southey 283, 290, 291. Shine quotes from the following letters. BL Add MS., 30928 [no folio number given], Robert Southey to Charles Danvers, 9 May 1812: 'I am going  ... to write upon the state of the Poor.' BL Add MS., 30928 [no folio number given], Southey to Danvers, 'The Proofs of an essay on the State of the Poor or rather the populace lies now upon my desk,—being part of an <article> for the next number. It is an attack upon Malthus,—upon the manufacturing system, & upon the Cobbetts & Hunts who have produced the Luddite feeling in the mob.' BL Add. MS., 28603 [no folio number given], Southey to William Peachey, 22 Jan. 1813: 'You will see a paper of mine in the next Quarterly upon this subject [the lower classes]. It enters into the moral & political state of the populace, & draws a faithful picture, which I shall be very sorry if any misjudging timidity should weaken or suppress.' BL Add. MS., 28603 [no folio number given], Southey to Peachey, 6 Dec. 1816: 'It is more than four years since I distinctly pointed out the danger [of popular revolution] in the Quarterly Review (No. 16) ...' 

Orlow Williams, Life and Letters of John Rickman indicates that the article is reprinted in Essays, Moral and Political (2 vols. London, 1832) I 75-155 under the title 'On the State of the Poor, the Principle of Mr. Malthus' Essay on Population, and the Manufacturing System.' The reprint includes about five pages that are not in the QR article. All the other Southey articles reprinted in these volumes differ from the original version, although in no other articles are the changes as great as in this one. Southey was 'instructed by Rickman' in the preparation of this article. Williams' biography indicates that Rickman had a substantial influence on other economic articles by Southey.

The following evidence is published here for the first time. The article appears in Southey's definitive MS. list of his QR articles. Curry II 50, 318.

JM III's Register: attribution to Southey, but without evidence.


225 Article 5. Mant, An Appeal to the Gospel, or an Inquiry into the Justice of the Charge, alleged by Methodists and other Objectors, that the Gospel is not preached by the National Clergy; in a Series of Discourses delivered before the University of Oxford in the Year 1812, at the Lecture founded by the late Rev. J. Bampton, M.A. Canon of Salisbury. Fourth Edition, 356-74. Author not identified.

Running Title: Mant's Bampton Lectures.

Notes: In the absence of guidance from JM III's Register, Shine does not suggest an author for this article. 

The following information is published here for the first time. BL Add MS., 31022 (f. 15), George Ellis to Walter Scott, 10 Feb. 1813,  says WG will be pleased that Scott completed his 'two critiques'. One of these critiques might be #227.  It is not clear what the second critique might be, unless it is #225 which, by its subject, seems unlikely, or unless he had a hand in #232. The volume under review was published by John Murray.


226 Article 6. Travels in South Africa in the Years 1803-1806. By Henry Lichtenstein, Doctor of Medicine and Philosophy, and Professor of Natural History in the University of Berlin; Member of several learned Societies, &c. &c. Translated from the German, by Anne Plumptre, 374-95. Author: John Barrow.

Running Title: Lichtenstein's Travels in South Africa.

Notes: In attributing the article to Barrow, Shine cites JM III's Register and Gentleman's Magazine XXI 139. Shine also quotes from the following two letters. Murray MS., WG to JM, n.d.: 'Mr Barrow wishes much to get "Lichtenstein's Travels in South Africa" ....' Murray MS., WG to JM, 21 Aug. 1812: 'He [Barrow] wants Lichtenstein & Somerville's Travels into South Africa.'

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., John Barrow to JM, 19 Dec. 1812: 'I am busy with Lichtenstein.' Barrow's Travels in South Africa is cited on p.381. The article is referred to in #522, which also by Barrow. Barrow is cited on page 375 as the 'textbook' for Lichtenstein's work, and he is mentioned on pages 387, 390, and 391. It was Borrow's signature practice in his QR articles to refer to himself and his own works. Gentleman's Magazine (Feb. 1844), 139; (March 1844), 246.  

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #625, Feb. 1813, probably by John Playfair.

JM III's Register: attribution to Barrow, but without evidence.


227 Article 7. Ex Tentaminibus Metricis Puerorum in Scholâ Regiâ Edinensi Provectiorum electa, Anno MDCCCXII., 395-406. Author: Walter Scott, probably.

Running Title: Electa Tentamina—Scholâ Regiâ Edinensi.

Notes: In querying its attribution to Robert Southey, Shine cites the DNB article on Pillans. 

The following evidence was first published in VPR 28. BL Add MS., 31022 (f. 15), George Ellis to Walter Scott, 10 Feb. 1813, says WG will be pleased that Scott completed his 'two critiques'. The article, which bears all the marks of Scott's work, including brevity, confines itself to Latin poetry published north of the Tweed. It is not clear what the second critique might be, unless it is #225 which, by its subject, seems unlikely.

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #617, Nov. 1812, probably by Francis Jeffrey.


228 Article 8. Graham, Journal of a Residence in India, 406-21. Author: John Barrow, probably.

Running Title: Graham's Journal of a Residence in India.

Notes: In attributing the article to Barrow, Shine cites only JM III's Register.

The following evidence was first published in VPR 28. The article follows Barrow's usual structure (a brief divisio and a lengthy expositio) and style (more descriptive than analytical) and refers to #185, which is also by Barrow. It was Barrow's signature practice in his QR articles to refer to his own articles.

[Bookseller's note, modified: Maria Graham, children's author and travel writer, was the daughter of a rear-admiral. She married a sea captain in India in 1808. She travelled extensively in India, Europe, and South America. Graham's second husband was Augustus Wall Callcott, the painter. See Robinson, Wayward Women.]

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'Barrow'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Barrow, but without evidence.


229 Article 9. Belsham, Memoirs of the late Reverend Theophilus Lindsey, A.M. including a brief Analysis of his Works: together with Anecdotes and Letters to eminent Persons, his Friends and Correspondents. Also a general View of the Progress of Unitarian Doctrine in England and America, 422-37. Author: Thomas Dunham Whitaker.

Running Title: Belsham's Memoirs of the late Reverend Theophilus Lindsey.

Notes: In attributing the article to Whitaker, Shine cites JM III's Register and Nicholas xxix. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [1813]: 'I like the worthy Dr's Art on Belsham prodigiously.' Shine misleadingly suggests that 'The words The Dr frequently stand for John Ireland.' 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. In Murray MS., WG to JM, [1813], Shine misses useful identifying information, for the letter continues: 'Horsley I have not yet looked at.' Horsley is #234, by Whitaker. The additional sentence therefore can be read as buttressing the attribution to Whitaker as WG is continuing his review with JM of the state of Whitaker's upcoming contributions. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: the book reviewed was sent to 'Revd. Dr Whitaker' on 14 Sept. 1812. Murray MS., Thomas Dunham Whitaker to JM, 22 Dec. 1812, will review 'Belsham'. Cf. the author's statement, 'The work before us, like many others of the present day, in the shape of narrative, is properly controversial' (p.433) with a similar statement at #183 p.92, which is also probably by Whitaker. Ends with: 'We conclude with ....,' which is characteristic of Whitaker.


230 Article 10. Foscolo, Ultime Letteredi Jacopo Ortis. Nuova Edizione, 438-45. Author: William Stuart Rose, probably.

Running Title: Ultime Lettere di Jacopo Ortis.

Notes: In attributing the article to Rose, Shine cites only JM III's Register.

The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. WG was in communication with Rose at this time on QR matters (see BL MS. 31022 (f.16), WG to William Rose, 27 Feb. 1813). BL MS. 31022 (f.15), George Ellis to Walter Scott, 10 Feb. 1813, says WG will be pleased that Scott has completed his 'two critiques'. On page 253 of Number 17 an editor's note appears defending the accuracy of biographical references in this article.  Lettere di appears in the article's head note as above.

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'W. S. Rose'.

JM III's Register: attribution to 'W S Rose,' but without evidence.


231 Article 11. The French Bulletins, &c. detailing the Campaigns of the French in Russia, from June to December, 1812; Eustaphieve, The Resources of Russia in the Event of a War with France; and an Examination of the prevailing Opinion relative to the political and military Conduct of the Court of St. Petersburg; with a short Description of the Cossacks; 445-84. Author: Robert William Hay, with John Barrow, John Wilson Croker, and Sir George Murray.

Running Title: Campaign of the French in Russia.

Notes: In attributing the article to John Wilson Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register and Brightfield 454: Croker, probably with coadjutors. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [16 Nov. 1812]: 'I shall see Mr Croker today, and will speak about Russia, but as the important events have but taken place within these few days—perhaps it may be better to wait for a fuller article for our next.' Notation on letter: 'A projected article on Resources of Russia.'

The following evidence was first published in VPR 27 and VPR 28. Murray MS., [Robert William Hay letters], WG to John Barrow, 6 Feb. 1813: 'I send you the commencement of the Russ. Art.' WG says that he must make omissions, including expunging a negative comment on Clarke, and refers to the article as the work of Barrow's 'young friend.' Hay worked with Barrow at the Admiralty. Murray MS. [Hay letters], WG to Barrow, Wed. [1813]: 'I send you a second batch of our Russian Art.' Murray MS. [Hay letters], WG to Robert William Hay, 13 Feb. and 16 Feb. 1813, sends the first slips of 'Russia'. Murray MS. [Hay letters], WG to Barrow, Thursday [1813], sends the conclusion of 'Russia' and says he had to put Clarke in a note [see pg. 482 of the article]. Murray MS., WG to Hay, Thursday 1813, says JM has just made ready the remainder of the 'Russian Article.' The article is referred to at #329, which is by Hay. As minor supporting evidence, note the author's use of dashes and parentheses, and the phrases, 'We now proceed to . . .,' 'Before we proceed to . . . .' characteristic of Hay. An article cited as 'Russian <Campaign>' is claimed by Croker in only one of his Clements Library MS. lists; it is not, however, included in the Cambridge Library bound volumes of Croker's articles.  

JM III's Register: 'J[ohn] W[ilson] Croker' and note: 'See W G's Nov 16, 1812'.  


232 Article 12. Scott, Rokeby: a Poem, 485-517. Author: George Ellis.

Running Title: Scott's Rokeby.

Notes: In attributing the article to Ellis, Shine cites JM III's Register and Smiles I 126.

The following information is published here for the first time. BL Add MS., 31022 (f. 15), George Ellis to Walter Scott, 10 Feb. 1813,  says WG will be pleased that Scott completed his 'two critiques'. One of these critiques might be # 227. It is not clear what the second critique might be, unless it is #225 which, by its subject, seems unlikely, or unless he had a hand in #232. BL Add. MS. 31022 (f.16), WG to William Rose, 27 Feb. 1813, says George Ellis has delayed the Review's appearance with his article on Walter Scott. BL Add. MS. 28099 (f.114), WG to Ellis, 16 Mar. 1813, says he has paid Ellis's banker £25.2, approximately what Murray paid at this time for an article of this length. 

JM II's marked QR: 'G. Ellis'.  

For a useful note on Scott's Rokeby, including comment on its critical reception in contemporary journals (although the note does not mention Ellis's review in the QR), see the Walter Scott Digital Archive, an excellent online resource from the Division of Special Collections, Edinburgh University Library. 

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Published @ RC

February 2005