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Quarterly Review Archive

Quarterly Review
VOLUME 9 , NUMBER 17 (March 1813)


NOTES

  • This Number was published 16 June 1813 [Courier advertisement, 18 June 1813; Murray sent George Ellis a copy on 17 June 1813: Murray MS., Cash Day Book, 1810-1814, p. 45]

  • Advertisement at bottom of Contents page:
    This day is published, price 2l.2s A whole-length Portrait of / THE RIGHT HONOURABLE WILLIAM PITT; / Engraved in the Line-manner by Mr. BRAGG, after a Picture painted by the late / JOHN HOPPNER, Esq. R.A. / This Portrait was the last for which Mr. Pitt sat, having been painted for Lord Mulgrave, in the October preceding his death. It is the same from which, with the permission of Lord Mulgrave, Mr. Nollekens copied his celebrated Bust. / Sold, by Appointment of Mrs. Hoppner, by J. Murray, 50, Albemarle Street.
  • On page 253 of this Number an editor's note appears defending the accuracy of biographical references in #230 in Number 16

  • Horace Twiss sued JM for lack of payment for two unpublished articles, on 'Rose on the Public Expenditure,' solicited by Gifford and originally intended as the first article of Number 12 (the proofs are in the Murray archives), and possibly for an article on Persia. In the archives is a lawyer's letter dated 10 May 1813 announcing proceedings on two unnamed articles. Murray had written to Gifford in April, 1813 to state his opinion that Persia is the last thing on people's minds and Horace Twiss the last person who should appear in the Quarterly. See entry for #237 in the Shine volume. Marchand, Byron's Letters II, 191n: 'Horace Twiss, a contributor of squibs to the newspapers, whose literary pretensions made him the butt of ridicule.'

  • This Number initially sold about 6000

  • Important or otherwise interesting articles in this Number include: #240, #242, #244

  • Number of definite attributions for this issue: 10

  • Number of probable or possible attributions for this issue: 2

CONTENTS, IDENTIFICATION OF CONTRIBUTORS, AND HISTORICAL NOTES


233 Article 1. Malta par un Voyageur François; Giancinto, Saggio di Agricoltura per le Isole di Malta; Domeier, Observations on the Climate, Manners, and Amusements of Malta; Eton, Materials for a History of the People of Malta, 1-29. Author: William Stewart Rose

Running Title: Natural and Political History of Malta.

Notes: In querying its attribution to John Barrow, Shine quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, 12 May 1813: 'By some accident pages 9 10 11 & 12 were left out of your parcel & I cannot send the proof to Mr B till I receive them ....' [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: The letter Shine quotes only indirectly supports an attribution to Barrow.]

The following evidence was first published in VPR 24. BL MS. 31022 (f.16), WG to William Stuart Rose, 27 Feb. 1813: 'I am very much pleased with your Maltese article.' The author has visited Malta in wintertime (p.3). It is possible that Barrow was called upon by WG to sub-edit the article. 

JM III's Register: attribution to John Barrow, but without evidence.


234 Article 2. Horsley, Sermons, 30-39. Author: Thomas Dunham Whitaker

Running Title: Horsley's Sermons.

Notes: In attributing the article to Whitaker, Shine cites JM III's Register and Nichols xxix. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [1813]: 'I like the worthy Dr's Art on Belsham [#229] prodigiously. Horsley I have not yet looked at.'

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: the book reviewed was sent to 'Revd. Dr Whitaker' on 14 Sept. 1812. Murray MS., Thomas Dunham Whitaker to JM, 22 Dec. 1812, states that he is reviewing Horsley's sermons. Murray MS., Whitaker to JM, 4 Apr. 1813, reference to this article.

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #554, Feb. 1811, by Josiah Walker. 

JM III's Register: attribution to Whitaker, but without evidence.


235 Article 3. Barzoni, Li Romani nella Grecia, 39-45. Author: William Stewart Rose

Running Title: Li Romani nella Grecia.

Notes: In attributing the article to Rose, Shine cites JM III's Register and notes that it cites JM II's marked QR and unspecified letters. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. BL MS. 31022 (f.16), WG to William Stuart Rose, 27 Feb. 1813: 'Your little Italian article I should be happy to receive.' 

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'W. S. Rose'; [in ink] 'W. S. Rose'. 

JM III's Register: attribution to Rose, citing JM II's marked QR and unspecified letters.


236 Article 4. Sylva, or a Discourse of Forest Trees and the Propagation of Timber in his Majesty's Dominions, together with an Historical Account of the Sacredness and Use of Standing Groves. By John Evelyn, Esq. Fellow of the Royal Society. With Notes by H. Hunter, M.D. F.R.S. The Fourth Edition, with the Editor's last Corrections, and a short Memoir of him, 45-57. Author: Thomas Dunham Whitaker

Running Title: Evelyn's Sylva.

Notes: In attributing the article to Whitaker, Shine cites JM III's Register and notes its citation of JM II's marked QR and unspecified letters.

The following evidence was first published in VPR 24. Murray MS., Thomas Dunham Whitaker to JM, 27 Nov. 1812, asks for a review copy of the new edition of this work. 

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'Whittaker'. 

JM III's Register: attribution to Whitaker, citing JM II's marked QR and unspecified letters.


237 Article 5. Morier, A Journey through Persia, Armenia, and Asia Minor, to Constantinople, in 1808 and 1809, in which is included some Account of the Proceedings of his Majesty's Mission under Sir Harford Jones to the Court of the King of Persia; Kinneir, A Geographical Memoir of the Persian Empire, accompanied by a Map, 57-89. Author: John Barrow

Running Title: Kinneir and Morier on Persia.

Notes: In querying its attribution to Barrow, Shine cites JM III's Register and quotes from the following letters. Murray MS., WG to JM, [25 Apr. 1813; notation on letter in JM II's hand: 'Q R no. 17 Art 5']: 'Do you know whether M Barrow is in town? ... it is now more than a week since I sent him the first part of Persia.—The second part, he had on Wednesday.' Murray MS., JM to WG, 25 April 1813: ' ... Persia < ? > appears to me to be the very last thing in people's thoughts at this time and Horace Twiss the very last person who ought to be connected with our Review.'

The following evidence was first published in VPR 27. Murray MS., John Barrow to JM, 4 May 1813, says he has 'finished the article on Persia'. Murray MS., WG to JM, [1813; notation on letter in JM II's hand: '223 QR No 17']: 'I am not much surprised at Lord Glenbervie's [Sylvester Douglas's] letter—for that Art. of Mr. B. was certainly the most important National < ? > that ever appeared in any Review.' These comments may apply to #244.

[Bookseller's note on Morier: 'In February 1809, James Justinian Morier (1780-1849) arrived in Tehran as secretary of Sir Harford Jones's mission to the court of Persia. When in 1809 he was sent back to England, Morier elected to make the return journey by way of an overland trek across Persia, Armenia, and Turkey. "The record of his journey at once took rank as an important authority on a country then little known to Englishmen, and by its admirable style and accurate observation, its humour and graphic power, still holds a foremost place among early books of travel in Persia"—DNB.']

[Bookseller's note on Kinneir: 'The work is an account of the geography of Persia, a description of its provinces with an appendix of the routes between the principal towns. The author was an Anglo-Indian officer and political assistant to Sir John Malcolm on his mission to the Persian court.' The map in this volume is rarely found, possibly because it cost two guineas when published.]

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #665, Jan. 1814, probably by Francis Jeffrey.

JM III's Register: 'J Barrow?', and citing unspecified letters.


238 Article 6. Baron de Grimm, Corréspondance Littéraire, Philosophique, et Critique, addressée à un Souverain d'Allemagne, depuis 1770 jusqu'en 1782, 89-117. Author: John Herman Merivale

Running Title: Baron de Grimm's Correspondance.

Notes: In attributing the article to Merivale, Shine cites JM III's Register and Gentleman's Magazine XXI 139.

The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. Marchand, Byron's Letters III 247, Lord Byron's Journal: 'Today C[ampbell] called, and ... in came Merivale. During our colloquy, C. (ignorant that M was the writer) abused the mawkishness of the Quarterly Review of Grimm's Correspondence.' Cf. #263, Merivale's review of Grimm's third volume. 

Francis Jeffrey reviewed Corréspondance Littéraire et Philosophique de Grimm in ER #634, July 1813. Jeffrey reviewed Corréspondance de Baron Grimm in ER #683, Sept. 1814. 

JM II's marked QR: 'Merivale / Sen'. 

JM III's Register: attribution to 'H. Merivale (senr.),' but without evidence.


239 Article 7. Young, An Introduction to Medical Literature; including a System of Practical Nosology: intended as a Guide to Students, and an Assistant to Practitioners, 117-25. Author:  Thomas Young, possibly.

Running Title: Dr. Young's Introduction to Medical Literature.

Notes: In attributing the article to Young, Shine cites JM III's Register and notes its citation of JM II's marked QR and unspecified letters. Shine also cites QR CCX 741, 741n.

The following information is published here for the first time. The article is not on Young's MS. list published in Gurney, but that could be an intentional oversight. 

JM II's marked QR: 'By Dr. Young the author'. 

JM III's Register: attribution to Young citing unspecified letters and note: 'by the author of the book,' and cites the marked QR


240 Article 8. The 'New Art of Memory,' founded upon the Principles taught by M. Gregor Von Feinaigle, illustrated by Engravings; Grey, 'Memoria Technica,' or Method of artificial Memory. To which is subjoined 'Lowe's' Mnemonics' 9th Edit., 125-39. Author:  Robert John Wilmot-Horton

Running Title: Feinaigle and Grey's Artificial Memory.

Notes: In attributing the article to Horton, Shine cites JM III's Register and Gentleman's Magazine XXI 139. Shine says to see also Heber I 371, 378. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Derby MS. D3155M / C5927, WG to Robert John Wilmot, 10 Dec. 1812, speaks of Wilmot's article on 'Grey.' Heber, Life, I 391. Lowe's appears in the title in the head note as above.

JM II's marked QR: 'Sir Wilmot Horton'. 

JM III's Register: attribution to 'Sir Wilmot Horton', but without evidence.


241 Article 9. Comedies of Aristophanes, viz. The Clouds, Plutus, the Frogs, the Birds. Translated into English, with Notes, 139-61. Author: Thomas Mitchell

Running Title: Translations of the Comedies of Aristophanes.

Notes: In attributing the article to Mitchell, Shine quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [1813]: 'The very devil is in our clever friend to be sure—he would go on forever—however, what he has sent is pleasant enough. It was but last night that I amused myself with reading the very Chorus which he has translated. [See QR IX 159] ... We want Frere for this. Pray send it to Rowarth [the printer] directly .... It is odd enough that both Mitchell & Foscolo should have fallen upon the same part of Plato's Banquet—Both have translated it & it forms the most beautiful part of both of their papers—yet one must be omitted. Prepare Foscolo for this—& you may truly say that had he been first, I would have omitted Mitchell—but you know that Mitchell has been lying on my table for several months.' Shine also notes the queried attribution of the article to John Hookham Frere in JM III's Register and notes that the Register cites JM II's marked QR and unspecified letters. [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: The only QR article definitely attributed to Frere under WG is #554.]

The following evidence is published here for the first time. BL Add MS. 28099 (f.115) WG to George Ellis, 30 June 1813 [postmark 5 July 1813]: '... you have mistaken the writer of Aristophanes. Heber never saw it. I thought that some parts of it, especially of the translation, would put you in mind of a certain acquaintance of yours.'  

The following evidence suggests that James Henry Monk was at this time preparing an article on Sophocles for the QR, but the article was never published. Dr. Christopher Stray (Swansea, University of Wales) informs me that Monk later provided two pieces on Sophocles for Museum Criticum so perhaps Monk's material was used there. Murray MS., Cash Day Book 1810-12, 'Quarterly Review Dr [i.e., debit] / To Sophocles < ? > 5 vols. / sent Revd Mr Monk / Cambridge by Coach / from White Horse.' Murray MS., James Henry Monk to JM, 26 Feb. 1813, says he shall send the article on Sophocles [sic] in good time for No. 17.

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'Q[UER]Y  J H Frere'. 

JM III's Register: 'J H Frere?' with an additional note: 'doubtful'. The Register also cites unspecified letters and JM II's marked QR. 


242 Article 10. Clarke, Travels in various Countries of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Part the Second, 162-206. Author:  Reginald Heber

Running Title: Clarke's Travels—Greece, Egypt, and the Holy Land.

Notes: In attributing the article to Heber, Shine cites JM III's Register and Gentleman's Magazine XXI 139. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [1813]: 'Clark I have given to Mr. Heber ....' [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: Shine, however, misquotes the letter, giving it a sense opposite to that of the original. The quoted passage instead reads (italics added):  'Clarke I have never given to R. Heber.'] Shine says to see also Grierson II 482.

The following evidence is published here for the first time. WG was pressed by Walter Scott to let his friend J. B. S. Morritt review Clarke's second volume. WG, however, evidently gave the task to Heber as Heber claims the review in a letter to WG dated 2 July 1816 (see below). Murray MS., WG to JM, [1813; notation on letter in JM II's hand: '223 QR No 17']:  'Clarke I have never given to R. Heber.' In his comment, WG is perhaps responding to Walter Scott's request that J. B. S. Morritt be commissioned to review Clarke—see next cited letter. NLS MS. 853 (ff.11-12), Walter Scott to J. B. S. Morritt, 3 Oct. 1810 (copy), says he will stake Morritt's claim to review the second volume of Clarke's travels. NLS MS. 853 (f.19), Scott to Morritt, 26 Apr. 1811 (copy), says he has informed WG that Morritt wishes to review Clarke. Murray MS., Reginald Heber to JM, 2 July 1816, says he wants his authorship of the review of the third and fourth volumes of Clarke to be as scrupulously concealed as was his review of the second volume. The first volume of Clarke's travels was reviewed at #110, by George Ellis, volumes III and IV at #426, by Reginald Heber. 

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #629, Feb. 1813, by an unidentified author, possibly John Playfair.

JM II's marked QR: 'Rev. R Heber'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Heber, but without evidence.


243 Article 11. Samuel Rogers, Poems, 207-18. Author: John William Ward, Lord Dudley

Running Title: Rogers's Poems.

Notes: In attributing the article to Lord Dudley, Shine cites JM III's Register; Dudley-Ivy 180, 180n, 224, 224n; Fitzpatrick's Whately I 42; Rogers 53; QR LXVIII 96, 96n; Gentleman's Magazine XXI 139; Graham 41; Clarke 237; and DNB. Shine says to see also Byron I 185 and Dudley-Ivy 221, 221n. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Edward Copleston was Dudley's envoy and the guardian of Dudley's identity as a contributor to the QR. Murray MS., WG to JM, 17 May 1813, says to send without delay the enclosed to 'Mr. C. ... I send a note for Mr Coplestone [sic] .... put it on your Chimney piece & say nothing.' The following evidence suggests that Robert Southey took an interest in #243, but there is no direct suggestion that Southey sub-edited the article. Murray MS., WG to JM, 20 May 1813 [notation on letter in JM II's hand: 'Q.R. 17'], says he told Robert Southey that he proposed to begin the Number with his article. (No article in No. 17 or 18 has been attributed to Southey.) Murray MS., WG to JM, 24 June 1813: 'I did not know that Southey & Rogers were friends—still I do not think that he [i.e., Dudley?] has been severe—Southey's prose is so good, that every one defers to him. But take care how you confess it. Mum is always the safest word. When S. comes to town let him do as he pleases.' In the absence of JM's side of the correspondence with WG, it is difficult to know exactly what WG means here, but the following is a reasonable conjecture. Southey appears to have expressed a concern that his friend Rogers might be negatively reviewed. Southey, being a persuasive writer, might convince JM to suppress or change the article. WG is imploring JM to convince Southey that the review of Rogers is in reliable hands. JM should be careful not reveal the author's name. In any case, JM should mollify Southey by deferring to his judgment. 

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #646, Oct. 1813, by James Mackintosh.

JM II's marked QR: 'Hon D. Ward Ld Dudley' [sic].

JM III's Register: attribution to 'Hon J Ward (Ld Dudley)', but without evidence. 


244 Article 12. Grant, The Expediency maintained of continuing the System by which the Trade and Government of India are now regulated, 218-53. Author: John Barrow, probably. 

Running Title: Grant on maintaining the Indian System.

Notes: In attributing the article to John Barrow, Shine cites JM III's Register and quotes from the following letter. Murray MS., WG to JM, [1813, numbered 223]: 'Mr B has not sent the rem'd of India ... but I expect it every minute. [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: this letter is more fully quoted below.]

The following evidence and discussion is published here for the first time. The East India Company was discussed in three articles in this period, in #213, #221, and #244. The strong opinions of #244 against the Company are much more circumspectly expressed in an early article on the same subject, #221, making it difficult on the face of it to understand how the two articles could be from the same hand. However, there are good reasons, presented below and at the entry for #221, to establish Barrow as the author of both these articles.  

Murray MS., Barrow, to JM, 24 May 1813: WG wants Barrow to suppress negative comments on missionaries in his article on India [see page 237]. Murray MS., WG to JM, [1813; in JM II's hand: '223 QR No 17']: 'Mr. < B >. has not sent the remr. of the Indian folio (a most important paper).' Murray MS., WG to JM, [1813; notation on letter in JM II's hand: '223 QR No 17']: 'I am not much surprised at Lord Glenbervie's [Sylvester Douglas's] letter—for that Art. of Mr. B was certainly the most important National < ? > that ever appeared in any Review.' 

The following evidence was first published in VPR 28 in support of an attribution to George Ellis. It now appears to the present writer that the evidence supports, rather, an attribution of #213 to Ellis (an earlier article on the East India Company) and of #244 to Barrow. Commentary on the evidence presented in VPR 28 is given below between crotchets. BL Add. MS. 28099 (f.101), WG to George Ellis, 15 July 1812, and (f.107), same, 20 July 1812, Ellis is working on an East Indian article; Ellis's poor health led to delays. [But these letters tend, rather, to prove Ellis's authorship of #213.] There is little in the article's manner to suggest Barrow, there is no cross-reference in other Barrow articles to this one, and none of Barrow's other articles are mentioned in this one. [But at this point Barrow was still early in his career as a reviewer and had not begun the practice of systematically referring to his own works.] The article is more in the manner of George Ellis or George Canning. Moreover, Barrow's recommendation of a Christian presence in India on page 284 of article #221 is contradicted on p. 237n of article #244. [This is a salient point, but a closer reading suggests that Barrow's recommendation in #221 is weak and hedged by serious qualifications, making the tenor of his comments there closely resemble those on page 237 of article #244.] The author supports education in English and favours colonization (p.244). 'We are old enough to remember the extraordinary effect which the India bill of Mr. Fox (passed afterwards in a modified form by Mr. Pitt) produced on the general feeling' (p.250). In the book, apparently, Grant charges the QR as among 'the literary antagonists of the Company, who contemplate a radical change.' As in this article so in #213, which is by Ellis, the author recommends the transfer of political and military control over India from the East India Company to the Crown and the termination of the Company's trading monopoly. Missionaries are blamed for the 1806 mutiny at Vellore (p.235). [Article #244 casts the East India Company in a negative light. Ellis's #213, published less than a year before, was criticized by George Canning for being too much in favour of the Company. See notes at #213.]

JM III's Register: attribution to John Barrow, with this note: 'See W G's letter No. 223

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