Vol 15. No. 29 - Index

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Quarterly Review Archive

Quarterly Review
VOLUME 15 , NUMBER 29 (April 1816)


NOTES

  • This Number was published 11 Aug. 1816 [Murray MS., WG to J. T. Coleridge, 12 Aug. 1816, 'Our No. appeared yesterday.'; cf. Courier advertisement, 9 Aug. 1816]

  • This Number sold about 11,000 copies [Murray MS., accounts book]

  • The Number sold 7500 in the first four days [Iowa MS., f. 131, JM to Croker, 18 Aug. 1816]

  • During the preparation of this Number, Gifford was very frail and Murray had to undertake much of the correspondence. To relieve his pains in getting about, Murray gave him a carriage 'neat, easy, and exceedingly comfortable' [Smiles I 337]

  • An editor's note appears on page 292 correcting an error concerning the conduct of the 79th regiment during the battle of Les Quartre Bras. The note was inserted at the instigation of Lieutenant Colonel Sir Neil Douglas.

  • Reginald and Richard Heber's brother Tom died 27 Mar. 1816. The event led to the delay of #386, that had been slated for the previous Number

  • News of the great Tambora volcanic eruption in Indonesia that occurred in April 1815 reached London via a report in The Times in November. Fallout from the eruption exacerbated already difficult climate conditions in Europe that had begun in 1814; the winter of 1814-15 was severe; 1816 came to be known as the 'year without a summer.' The cold wet weather is said to have indirectly inspired Mary Shelley's Frankenstein; the startling sunsets caused by volcanic dust in the upper atmosphere are pictured in Turner's landscapes. Useful Internet links include a page on nineteenth-century weather records and a page on the Tambora volcano

  • Important or otherwise interesting articles in this Number include: #382, #385

  • Number of definite attributions for this issue: 8

  • Number of probable or possible attributions for this issue: 1

CONTENTS, IDENTIFICATION OF CONTRIBUTORS, AND HISTORICAL NOTES


378 Article 1. Barante, Mémoires de Madame la Marquise de la Roche Jaquelein, écrits par elle-même; Bouvier-Desmortiers, Vie du Général Charette, Commandant en Chef les Armées Catholiques et Royales dans la Vendée. Extrait d'un Manuscrit sur la Vendée; Bourniseaux, Précis Historique de la Guerre Civile de la Vendée, depuis son Origine jusqu'à la Pacification de la Jaunaise, &c.; Mémoires du Comte Josephe de Puisaye, Lieutenant-Général, &c. &c. qui pourront servir à l'Histoire du Parti Royaliste Français, durant la derniére Révolution; Turreau, Mémoires pour servir à l'Histoire de la Guerre de la Vendée; Beauchamp, Histoire de la Guerre de la Vendée et des Chouans, depuis son Origine jusqu'à la Pacification de 1800; Rousselin, Vie de Lazare Hoche, Général des Armées de la République Française. Suivie de sa Correspondence publique et privée, &c.; Prudhomme, Histoire Générale et Impartiale des Erreurs, des Fautes, et des Crimes, commis pendant la Révolution Française,1-69. Author: Robert Southey.

Running Title: La Roche Jaquelein—La Vendée.

Notes: In attributing the article to Southey, Shine cites JM III's Register; Robinson I 192; Cottle 242-43; and Southey 577. Shine says to see also Southey 329, 330, 331 and Warter II 32. Shine quotes from BL MS. 28603 [folio number not indicated], Robert Southey to William Peachey, 6 Dec. 1816: 'You may trace me in the Quarterly upon La Vendee & the State of the Poor [#385],—Ali Bey's Travels [#387], & the Foreign Travellers in England [#398].' 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. The article is in Southey's definitive MS. list of his QR articles.

JM II's marked QR: 'Southey'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Southey, but without evidence.


379 Article 2. Judicium Regale; Milman, Fazio; a Tragedy. Second edition, 69-85. Author: John Taylor Coleridge.

Running Title: Milman's Fazio.

Notes: In attributing the article to Coleridge, Shine cites JM III's Register and Graham 41. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [13 Feb. 1816]: 'I have rec'd another review of Fazio. This is the third, & by far the best. It is in the hand of young Mr. Coleridge and will do extremely well.' John Murray published Fazio.

JM II's marked QR: 'Judge Coleridge'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Coleridge and with the following note: 'This was the 3rd Review of Fazio offered to the Editor' (W.G.)' 


380 Article 3. Pottinger, Travels in Beloochistan and Sinde; accompanied by a Geographical and Historical Account of those Countries; with a Map, 85-111.  Author: John Barrow.

Running Title: Pottinger's Travels in Beloochistan and Sinde.

Notes: In attributing the article to Barrow, Shine cites only JM III's Register. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: the book reviewed was sent to 'John Barrow' on 4 May 1816 and returned 2 Aug. 1816. On p.36 the author speaks of the work under review as one in a series of related works. Two of the works the author mentions were reviewed by Barrow in #237 and #360.

[Bookseller's note, modified: 'In 1810 two young army officers of the East India Company, Captain Charles Christie and Lieutenant Henry Pottinger, disguised as Tartar horse-dealers for a Hindu merchant, anchored near the village of Sonmiani in Sindh. Their mission, prompted by fear of invasion of British Indian territories by European powers, was to survey the previously unknown area of Baluchistan and research the possibility of European armies passing through the lands that lay beyond Persia.' Pottinger later became the first governor of Hong Kong.]

JM III's Register: attribution to Barrow, but without evidence. 


381 Article 4. Euripidis Alcestis. Ad fidem Manuscriptorum ac veterum editionum emendavit et annotationibus instruxit Jacobus Henricus Monk, A.M. Collegii SS. Trinitatis Socius, et Grœcarum Literarum apud Cantabrigienses Professor Regius. Accedit Georgii Buchanani versio mertrica, 112-25. Author: Charles James Blomfield, probably.

Running Title: Monk's Alcestis.

Notes: In attributing the article to Blomfield, Shine cites JM III's Register and CHEL XII 526. 

JM III's Register: attribution to Blomfield, but without evidence. 


382 Article 5. [Scott,] The Antiquary. By the Author of Waverley and Guy Mannering, 125-39. Author: John Wilson Croker.

Running Title: The Antiquary.

Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register; Jennings I 84; Graham 41; Brightfield 454; and Hillhouse 47. Shine says to see also Pfeiffer in PQ XI 103. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., John Wilson Croker to JM, 3 June 1816, indicates the article is Croker's. Claimed by Croker in three of his Clements Library MS. lists and included in the Cambridge University bound volumes of Croker's articles.

For a useful note on Scott's The Antiquary, including comment on its critical reception in the Quarterly Review and other contemporary journals, see the Walter Scott Digital Archive, an excellent online resource from the Division of Special Collections, Edinburgh University Library. 

JM II's marked QR: 'Croker.' 

JM III's Register: attribution to Croker, with the following note: 'Not mentioned in Mr Crokers own list.' 


383 Article 6. Smith, Mémoire sur la Nécessité et les Moyens de faire cesser les Pirateries des Etats Barbaresques. Recu, considéré, et adopté à Paris en Septembre—à Turin le 14 Octobre, 1814à Vienne durant le Congrès; Walter Croker, A Letter to a Member of Parliament on the Slavery of the Christians at Algiers; Narrative of a Ten Years’ Residence at Tripoli, in Africa, from the original Correspondence, in the possession of the Family of the late Richard Tully, Esq. the British Consul; comprising authentic Memoirs and Anecdotes of the reigning Bashaw, Sedi Useph, his Family, and various Persons of distinction; an Account of the Domestic Manners of the Moors, Arabs, and Turks, &c.; Keatinge, Travels in Europe and Africa; comprising a Journey through France, Spain, and Portugal, to Morocco, with the particular Account of that Empire, &c.; Macgill, An Account of Tunis, of its Government, Manners, Customs, and Antiquities; especially of its Productions, Manufactures, and Commerce, 139-83. Author: John Barrow.

Running Title: The Barbary States.

Notes: In attributing the article to Barrow, Shine cites only JM III's Register. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., John Barrow to JM, 27 Nov. 1814, asks for Mr. Fisher's pamphlet, which is mentioned in the article on p.144n. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: four of the works reviewed were sent to 'John Barrow' on 4 May 1816. Cf. #373, on a similar topic.

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #763, June 1816, by an unidentified author.

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'Barrow'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Barrow, but without evidence. 


384 Article 7. Sequel to a Narrative of a Forced Journey through Spain and France, as a Prisoner of War in 1810 to 1813; including Observations on the present State of Ireland, &c. &c. &c. By Major-General Lord Blaney, 183-87. Author: John Wilson Croker.

Running Title: Lord Blaney's Sequel to his Travels.

Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites only JM III's Register and Brightfield 454. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Claimed by Croker in four of his Clements Library MS. lists and included in the Cambridge University bound volumes of Croker's articles. Cf. #357, on the same topic and also by Croker.

JM II's marked QR: 'Croker'. 

JM III's Register: attribution to Croker, but without evidence. 


385 Article 8. Reports of the Society for Bettering the Condition of the Poor; Pietas Londinensis; Prunelle, Mémoires sur les Moyens de détruire la Mendicité; Weyland, The Principles of Population and Production as they are affected by the Progress of Society, with a View to Moral and Political Consequences, 187-235. Author: Robert Southey.

Running Title: The Poor.

Notes: In attributing the article to Southey, Shine cites JM III's Register; Southey 366, 677; Robinson I 192; Warter III 47; Williams in Blackwood's CXLIV 182; Cottle 242-43; Gentleman's Magazine CCI 140; Southey Essays I 159; QR CCX 746; and Haller in PMLA XXXVII 284-85. Shine says to see also Warter III 32. Shine quotes from BL Add MS. 28603 [no folio number given], Robert Southey to William Peachey, 6 Dec. 1816:  'You may trace me in the Quarterly upon La Vendee & the State of the Poor [#385],—Ali Bey's Travels [#387], & the Foreign Travellers in England [#398].' 

The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. The article excited the attention of Government. Vansittart, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, had a long discussion with Grosvenor Bedford about the article. Vansittart then spoke with Lord Liverpool. Liverpool requested that Southey travel south to confer with him at Government expense. Southey declined the funds. It appears that nothing more came of this initiative, or if the meeting did take place Southey kept it a deep secret. (Bodleian MS. Eng. d.53 f. 64, 26 Aug. 1816; f.66-8, 5 Sept. 1816; f. 6-7, 15 Sept. 1816)

The article appears in Southey's definitive MS. list of his QR articles. Murray MS., WG to John Taylor Coleridge, 12 Aug. 1816, mentions this article as Southey's. Murray MS., Robert Southey to JM, 23 Dec. 1815: 'You know I have long had in mind an essay for which the Poor Society would furnish the text. It has long been begun, & many materials for it are in their place among my Quarterly memoranda books.' Southey to JM, 20 Jan. 1816: 'You shall also have the paper upon the Poor for your next.' Southey to JM, 29 Mar. 1816: 'You will not have room for the Poor.' Southey to JM, 27 Apr. 1816, promises 'the Poor' for the next Number. Southey to JM, 29 June 1816, sends the conclusion of the Poor that evening. Iowa MS. (f. 131), JM to Croker, 18 Aug. 1816: 'The Article on the Poor has absolutely electrified every one who has read it and <elicited> from them sparks of goodness—nothing could have been more happy than the precise moment of its appearance & the public service which it will positively render. There is a most base & infamous quotation from it in the Times professing to be taken from the Tracts of the Society for the Poor — & [I] have been thinking if it be not possible to so prosecute that vile fellow Walter for continuing thus to extract after the notes I gave him in the first creation of our last Number—in the present instance it is exceedingly villainous.' See also the letter quoted at #378. Reprinted in Essays, Moral and Political, I 159-247, under the title 'On the State of the Poor, and the Means Pursued by the Society for Bettering Their Condition.'

[Bookseller's note on Weyland, modified: 'A major criticism of Malthus's population theory, answered by Malthus the next year in the appendix to the fifth edition of his Essay on Population.' Kress B.6837. Goldsmiths' 21429. Einaudi 6027. Bonar p.378-380.]

JM III's Register: attribution to Southey, but without evidence. 


386 Article 9. Malcolm, The History of Persia, from the most Early Period to the Present Time: containing an Account of the Religion, Government, Usages, and Character of the Inhabitants of that Kingdom, 236-92. Author:  Reginald Heber.

Running Title: Malcolm's History of Persia.

Notes: In attributing the article to Heber, Shine cites JM III's Register; Heber I 418, 418n; and Gentleman's Magazine XXI 140.

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Reginald Heber to JM, 17 Jan. 1816: 'I shall with much pleasure undertake the Review of Malcolm's Persia ....' Murray MS., Heber to JM, 2 July 1816. Murray MS., Heber to JM, 14 Aug. 1816. Murray MS., WG to JM, Wed. noon, n.d., says 'Sir John' is admirable and hopes that in the next article on Persia 'my friend B[arrow]. will be allowed ... to avail himself of it.' The book reviewed was published by John Murray. See also # 380, a review of Pottinger, one of Malcolm's lieutenants.

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #756, June 1816, by Alexander Hamilton.

[Bookseller's note, derived from Cyrus Ghani, Iran and the West, 237:  'Malcolm's history begins with the legendary kings and ends with the beginnings of the Qajars. There is a chapter on religion, government, climate and social customs. In the last chapter, he has a word of "advice" for his readers. He states that the future of Persia is really in the hands of just one person (The King) and talks of the need for Persian kings to at least appear religious. Malcolm (1769-1833) visited Persia three times on diplomatic missions. He travelled to most of the provinces and he had excellent officers, some of whom also wrote books on Persia. He had dispatched his officers to various parts of the country to observe and report (Pottinger and Kinnier). Malcolm briefly served as a member of Parliament towards the end of his life.']

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'Rev R Heber'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Heber, but without evidence. 

Published @ RC

February 2005

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