Vol 15. No. 30 - Index

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Quarterly Review
VOLUME 15 , NUMBER 30 (July 1816)


NOTES

  • This Number was published 12 Nov. 1816 [Courier advertisement, 12 Nov. 1816; Murray MS., WG to Robert William Hay, 12 Nov. 1816: 'We appear today.']

  • Murray MS., WG to Octavius Gilchrist, 16 Oct. 1816: 'you must finish your Art as soon as you conveniently can.' No article has been identified as Gilchrist's in this period (although see #392). The next article identified positively as Gilchrist's is #541

  • Two days after the appearance of Number 29, John Murray asked John Wilson Croker to review Wordsworth, but nothing came of it. '[W]e have already four articles printed—one I have this day been favoured with from Mr B [#389, or #394] others from Southey [#387 and #398] & Scott I expect every day [no article materialized] & I expect to be able to publish on the first of October [the QR appeared on 12 Nov]—& push in another before the close of the year [Number 31 appeared 7 Feb. 1817].' [Iowa MS., f. 131, JM to Croker, 18 Aug. 1816]

  • Leading up to this Number, WG suffered a violent toothache that 'has so swollen my cheeks that were, that I am that lively portraiture of the manticore, such as you see him in old Harris[,] and should be worth any money at Greengoose Fair.' [Murray MS., WG to Robert William Hay, 12 Nov. 1816. Green Goose fair: an infamously raucous fair held at Bow the day after Whitsun. Taylor, the water-poet, wrote in 1630, 'At Bow, the Thursday after Pentecost, / There is a fair of green geese ready rost, / Where, as a goose is ever dog cheap there / The sauce is over somewhat sharp and deare.' Follow this link for a full quotation

  • News of the great Tambora volcanic eruption in Indonesia that occurred in April 1815 reached London via a report in The Times in November. Fallout from the eruption exacerbated already difficult climate conditions in Europe that had begun in 1814; the winter of 1814-15 was severe; 1816 came to be known as the 'year without a summer.' The cold wet weather is said to have indirectly inspired Mary Shelley's Frankenstein; the startling sunsets caused by volcanic dust in the upper atmosphere are pictured in Turner's landscapes. Useful Internet links include a page on nineteenth-century weather records and a page on the Tambora volcano

  • Important or otherwise interesting articles in this Number include: #388, #389, #391, #393, #394

  • Number of definite attributions for this issue: 10

  • Number of probable or possible attributions for this issue: 2

CONTENTS, IDENTIFICATION OF CONTRIBUTORS, AND HISTORICAL NOTES


387 Article 1. [Domingo y Leblich Badia,] Travels of Ali Bey in Morocco, Tripoli, Cyprus, Egypt, Arabia, Syria, and Turkey, between the Years 1803 and 1807. Written by himself, 299-345. Author: Robert Southey.

Running Title: Travels of Ali Bey

Notes: In attributing the article to Southey, Shine cites JM III's Register; Cottle 242-43; Southey 577; and says to see also Warter III 21. Shine also quotes from the following two letters. BL MS. 28603 [no folio number given], Robert Southey to William Peachey, 6 Dec. 1816: 'You may trace me in the Quarterly upon La Vendee & the State of the Poor [#385],—Ali Bey's Travels [#387], & the Foreign Travellers in England [#398].' Iowa MS., JM to John Wilson Croker, 18 Aug. 1816: '... we have already four articles printed—one I have this day been favoured with from Mr B[arrow] others from Southey & Scott & expect to be able to publish on the first of October ....'

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: the book reviewed was sent to 'John Barrow' on 3 July 1815. The article is notable partly because of its pointed criticism of John Barrow as a travel writer who wants sound judgment and a keen eye. The article appears in Southey's definitive MS. list. 

The book under review is now highly collectable, as of 2003 valued in excess of £8000. [Bookseller's note, redacted: 'The author was a Spanish traveller who disguised himself as an Arab and thereby gained access to many places throughout Asia Minor and North Africa forbidden to Christians, particularly the mosques of Omar and Mecca itself. In 1803 he departed for Tangier and travelled through North Africa to Egypt, where he met Chateaubriand at Alexandria. Cf Atabey 46 (for French edition); Blackmer 62; Brunet I, 182-183; Hilmy i, 30; Palau 21683; Rohricht 1607; Tobler p.140.']

JM II's marked QR: 'Barrow'. [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: It appears that JM II mixed up #387 and #389. The article's author says of Barrow what Barrow would never have said of himself, that, as a traveller (to South Africa and China), had he some of Ali Bey's spirit, he 'would have borne with him a sounder judgement and a more observant eye.' (p.345) Considering that Barrow was the journal's 'sheet anchor,' it is remarkable that WG let the comment pass.]

JM III's Register: attribution to Southey, but without evidence.


388 Article 2. Wedderburne Webster, Waterloo, and other Poems, 345-50. Author: John Wilson Croker.

Running Title: Wedderburne Webster's Waterloo.

Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register; Smiles I 371n; Graham 41; Clark 197-98; and Brightfield 454.

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Claimed by Croker in four of his Clements Library MS. lists and included in the Cambridge University bound volumes of Croker's articles.

JM II's marked QR: 'Croker'. 

JM III's Register: attribution to Croker, but without evidence.


389 Article 3. Brief View of the Baptist Missions, and Translations; with Specimens of various Languages in which the Scriptures are printing at the Mission Press, Serampore; Marshman, Clavis Sinica: Elements of Chinese Grammar, with a Preliminary Dissertation on the Characters, and the Colloquial Medium of the Chinese; and an Appendix, containing the Ta-Hyok of Confucius, with a Translation; Morrison, A Dictionary of the Chinese Language, in three Parts. Part I. containing Chinese and English, arranged according to the Radicals. Part II. Chinese and English, arranged alphabetically. Part III. English and Chinese, 350-75. Author: John Barrow.

Running Title: Missionary Chinese Works.

Notes: In attributing the article to Barrow, Shine cites JM III's Register. Shine says to see also Young 272n. Shine refers to Iowa MS., JM to John Wilson Croker, 18 Aug. 1816 quoted at entry for #387. [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: the evidence in Shine for an attribution to Barrow is not definitive.]

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., John Barrow to JM, 20 Aug. 1816, says he 'will send the rest of Marshman and Morrison'. The author of #142WI (probably Barrow) takes credit for this article and articles #85, 119, 147, 333, and 389, all of which are by Barrow. In his QR articles, it was Barrow's signature practice to refer to his own works.

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'Southey'. [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: It appears that JM mixed up #387 and #389.] 

 JM III's Register: attribution to Barrow, but without evidence.


390 Article 4. Mason, The Works of William Mason, A.M. Precentor of York and Rector of Aston, 376-87. Author: Thomas Dunham Whitaker.

Running Title: Works of Mason.

Notes: In attributing the article to Whitaker, Shine cites JM III's Register; Nichols xxix; and Graham 41. Shine also quotes from the following letters. Murray MS., WG to JM, [13 Feb., 1816]: 'He [Whitaker] wishes to do something with Mason, & he will do it well no doubt.' Murray MS., WG to JM, [24 Feb., 1816]:  'Whitaker . . . had promised to take Mason with which he seemed pleased.'

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Thomas Dunham Whitaker to JM, 9 Oct. 1816, indicates that he is writing a review of Mason. 

JM III's Register: attribution to Whitaker, but without evidence.


391 Article 5. Hill, An Essay on the Prevention and Cure of Insanity, with Observations on the Rules for the Detection of Pretenders to Madness; Sharpe, Report together with the Minutes of Evidence, and an Appendix of Papers, from the Committee appointed to consider of Provisions being made for the better Regulation of Madhouses in England (Ordered by the House of Commons to be printed, 11th July, 1815.) Each Subject of Evidence arranged under its distinct Head; Bakewell, A Letter addressed to the Chairman of the Select Committee of the House of Commons appointed to inquire into the State of Madhouses. To which is subjoined, Remarks on the Nature, Causes, and Cure of Mental Derangement; Observations on the Laws relating to Private Lunatic Asylums, and particularly on a Bill for their Alteration, which passed the House of Commons in the year 1814; Tuke, Practical Hints on the Construction and Economy of Pauper Lunatic Asylums, including Instructions to the Architects who offered Plans for Wakefield Asylum, and a Sketch of the most approved Design, 387-417. Author: David Uwins, probably.

Running Title: Insanity and Madhouses.

Notes: In attributing the article to Uwins, Shine cites JM III's Register; Gentleman's Magazine XXI 140; and the DNB article on Uwins. 

The following information and evidence is published here for the first time. The Shine volume's positive attribution to Uwins is not adequately supported. JM III relied solely on JM II, whose attribution is in pencil and is not supported by evidence. The DNB attribution may have relied on the GM article. As the GM article is often unreliable and no source is given, it is not adequate evidence. Two other articles are claimed for Uwins in Shine, #483 and #564. Cf. the methodical divisio in this article with that in #483. Author, a medical man (p.395), seems familiar with Edinburgh Infirmary (p.391). Defends serious religion (p.401). Faults democratizing of expectations (p.400). Cites Morgagni (p.402). This article is referred to (twice) in #564, which is also attributed to Uwins. Cf. #631, author (Gooch?) says he has written previously on the insane. Oddly, in what appears to be a coincidence, in both this Number and in Number 47 Octavius Gilchrist submitted an article but in neither Number is an article positively attributable to him. In any case, medical topics are outside of Gilchrist's purview, so this is probably a false lead. These are the Gilchrist references in question: Murray MS., WG to Octavius Gilchrist, 16 Oct. 1816: 'you must finish your Art as soon as you conveniently can.' Murray MS., WG to Octavius Gilchrist, 27 Nov. 1820: 'your proofs reached me.' Cf. #564. David Uwins was a major contributor of medical-scientific articles to the Eclectic Review.

 JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'Dr Uwins'. 

JM III's Register: 'Dr Ewens'.


392 Article 6. Symbolic Illustrations of the History of England, from the Roman Invasion to the present Time, accompanied with a Narrative of the Principal Events, designed more particularly for the Instruction of Young Persons. By Mary Ann Rundall of Bath, Author of the Grammar of Sacred History, 418-19. Author: Octavius Gilchrist, possibly.

Running Title: Rundall's Symbolic Illustrations.

Notes: In attributing the article to John Wilson Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register and Brightfield 454. 

The following evidence was first published in VPR 28. Although the article is attributed to Croker in JM II's marked QR and JM III's Register (the latter almost certainly depends exclusively upon the former), the article is not claimed by Croker in any of his Clements Library MS. lists and it is not included in the Cambridge University bound volumes of Croker's articles. Brightfield depended in this instance on JM III's Register. The tentative attribution to Gilchrist is based on Murray MS., WG to Octavius Gilchrist, 16 Oct. 1816: 'you must finish your Art as soon as you conveniently can.' The unusual brevity of this article is suggestive of WG himself, whose articles tend to be brief, or to a regular contributor to the QR whom WG would have indulged. For that reason Croker is a good candidate (indeed a number of Croker's reviews are exceedingly brief), but the evidence for Croker amounts to a guess on JM II's part.

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'Q[UER]Y Croker'. 

M III's Register: attribution to Croker and note: 'Not mentioned in Mr Croker's own list'. 


393 Article 7. Chateaubriand, The Monarchy according to the Charter, by the Vicomte de Chateaubriand, &c., 419-40. Author: John Wilson Croker.

Running Title: Chateaubriand's Monarchy.

Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register and Brightfield 454. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [1816]: 'as our indefatigable friend [Croker] is so alert, perhaps he may have Chateaubriand ready....'   

The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. Claimed by Croker in four of his Clements Library MS. lists and included in the Cambridge University bound volumes of Croker's articles. The book reviewed was published by John Murray.

John R. Griffin in 'John Keble and the Quarterly Review,' Review of English Studies 29 (Nov. 1978), 454-55 and in John Keble, Saint of Anglicanism (1987) misattributes this article to John Keble. In making the attribution, Griffin misreads letters of John Keble to John Taylor Coleridge preserved in the Bodleian Library (MS. Eng. lett. d.134). Keble did produce a review of Chateaubriand, in 1814, but he sent it to Rennell at the British Critic (see MS. Eng. lett. d.134 f.36, Keble to Coleridge, 2 July 1814). Keble had a part in #396. 

JM III's Register: attribution to Croker, but without evidence.


394 Article 8. Humboldt, Researches concerning the Institutions and Monuments of the ancient Inhabitants of America; with Descriptions and Views of some of the most striking Scenes in the Cordilleras. Written in French, by Alexander Humboldt, and translated into English by Helen Maria Williams, 440-68. Author: John Barrow.

Running Title: Humboldt's American Researches.

Notes: In attributing the article to Barrow, Shine cites JM III's Register and says to see also Southey 308. Shine also cites Iowa MS., JM to John Wilson Croker, 18 Aug. 1816, quoted at entry #387 and quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [Oct. 1816] ' ... Barrow has this moment sent me back two sheets of Humboldt which I will with all possible speed prepare for Rowarth.' 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., John Barrow to JM, 20 Aug. 1816, says he has begun 'Humboldt's researches'. The article's author refers the reader to #368, which is by Barrow. This article is referred to in #505 and #590, both of which are by Barrow. In his QR articles, it was Barrow's signature practice to refer to his own works. Harewood MS., WG to George Canning, 25 Oct. 1816, states that Hammond wished to praise Humboldt. WG does not think much of Humboldt as a scholar but thinks 'our Art. was correct & good.' 

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #770, Sept. 1816, by an unidentified author.

[Bookseller's note: 'Humboldt, traveller, observer, geographer, astronomer, and geologist, was one of Europe's leading men of science of the nineteenth century. During the years 1799-1804 he and his associate, Bonpland, traveled and gathered data in the New World. From the notes and observations made during a year's stay in Mexico, Humboldt wrote this classic work which is more geographic and economic than political in nature. "Humboldt was unable to visit the northern provinces - the Californias, Sonora, Chihuahua, Texas, New Mexico, and Coahuila - and relied instead upon reports, published and unpublished, that were made available to him in Mexico City. His discussions of these areas are nonetheless detailed and thorough, containing much data that had never before appeared in print." "The writings of Humboldt provide the best introductory reading preparatory to any effort to understand the history and the characteristics of Spanish America. His works are still the most instructive, the most intelligent, the most suggestive books about Mexico" (Larned). Cowan: p.296; Howes I: H-786; Larned: 3916, 3955; Raines, p.121; Sabin: 3375; Wagner-Camp: 7a:4']

 JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'Barrow'. 

JM III's Register: attribution to John Barrow, but without evidence. 


395 Article 9. Hogg, The Poetic Mirror, or the Living Bards of Britain, 468-75. Author: John Wilson Croker.

Running Title: The Poetic Mirror.

Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register and Brightfield 454. Shine says to see also Grierson IV 544, 544n. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Claimed by Croker in five of his Clements Library MS. lists (though two of these entries are queried) and included in the Cambridge University bound volumes of Croker's articles. In a note on p. 468, the reviewer refers the reader to #214 and #217, both of which are by Croker.

JM III's Register: attribution to Croker, but without evidence.


396  Article 10. Mant, Two Tracts intended to convey Correct Notions of Regeneration and Conversion, according to the sense of Holy Scripture and of the Church of England; Scott, An Inquiry into the Effect of Baptism, according to the sense of Holy Scripture and of the Church of England; in answer to the Rev. Dr. Mant's two Tracts on Regeneration and Conversion; Biddulph, Baptism a Seal of the Christian Covenant; or, Remarks on Dr. Mant's Tract on Regeneration; Laurence, The Doctrine of the Church of England upon the Efficacy of Baptism, vindicated from Misrepresentation, 475-511. Author: John Davison, with John Keble.

Running Title: Tracts on Baptismal Regeneration.

Notes: In attributing the article to Davison, Shine cites JM III's Register; Gentleman's Magazine XXI 140; and the DNB article on Davison. Shine also quotes from Iowa MS., JM to John Wilson Croker, n.d.: 'The Baptismal Article was written by a very eminent Man[,] Mr Davison of Oriel.' 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Oriel College MS. 10 (f.992), John Keble to James E. Tyler, 4 Sept. 1816, says that Davison 'has put together an Article on Baptismal Regeneration for the Quarterly Review. He was so kind as to direct the printer's copy to be sent to me, & I forwarded it today after correcting the press—... all I regret is its coming out so late: by some unlucky accident it was too late to be inserted in the No. for August, not my fault though, "pon my honour," though I know you will say, that's just like Keble.' 

JM III's Register: attribution to 'R[ev]. Davidson,' but without evidence. 


397 Article 11. James, Journal of Travels in Sweden, Russia, Poland, &c. during the Years 1813 and 1814; [Madame de Berg,] Die Konigin Luise: der Preussichen Nation gewidment, 511-36. Author: Robert William Hay.

Running Title: James's Travels in Sweden, Prussia, &c.

Notes: In attributing the article to Hay, Shine cites JM III's Register. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [Oct. 1816], 'I wished to show [you] the extraordinary letter which I have rec'd from Mr Hay—It has nettled me a little....' 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., WG to Robert William Hay, 2 Feb. 1816, reminds him of his promise to review 'Blucher, James's work.' Murray MS., WG to Hay, n.d., says he thinks he has done well to take up 'James.' Murray MS., WG to Hay, [n.d.] Wednesday [1812 watermark]: 'surprised and grieved at the idea that I destroyed your paper—something I have never done to anyone.... Nor did I intend to hurt Mr. James.' Hay habitually and violently complained of WG's excisions to his articles. Murray MS., WG to Hay, [n.d.]: speaks of his 'present elegant and pleasing Art.' The reviewer refers back to #350 (specific reference to p.432), which is also by Hay. 

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'Hay'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Hay, but without evidence.


398 Article 12. Letters from Albion to a Friend on the Continent, written in the Years 1810-1813; Napea, Letters from London. Observations of a Russian during a Residence in England of Ten Months &c. Translated from the original Manuscript of Oloff Napea, Ex-officer of Cavalry; Londres, la Cour et les Provinces d'Angleterre, d'Ecosse et d'Irlande, ou Esprit, Mæurs, Coutumes, Habitudes Privée des Habitans de la Grande Bretagne; Anderson, A Dane's Excursions in Britain; Silliman, A Journal of Travels in England, Holland, and Scotland, in the Years 1805-6; Simond, Journal of a Tour and Residence in Great Britain, during the Years 1810 and 1811; Levis, L'Angleterre au Commencement du Dix-Neuvième Siècle; Say, England and the English People; M. * * * *, Quinze Jours à Londres, à la fin de 1815, 537-74. Author: Robert Southey.

Running Title: Works on England.

Notes: In attributing the article to Southey, Shine cites JM III's Register; Cottle 242-43; Southey 577; Southey Essays I 251; and Gentleman's Magazine XXI 140. Shine says to see also Williams in Blackwood's CLXIV 182; Warter III 44, 47, 177; and to cf. QR  No. 30 p.541. Shine also cites Iowa MS., John Wilson Croker to JM, 18 Aug. 1816, quoted at entry for #387 and BL MS 28603 [no folio number given], Robert Southey to William Peachey, 6 Dec. 1816, quoted at #387. 

The following information is published here for the first time. The article appears in Southey's definitive MS. list of his QR articles. On page 279 of Number 31 is an editor's note correcting an anecdote recorded from Silliman on page 562 of #398. The emendation was made at the instigation of David Hume, nephew of the historian.

JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'Southey'.

JM III's Register: attribution to Southey, but without evidence.

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February 2005

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