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Quarterly Review Archive

Quarterly Review
VOLUME 18 , NUMBER 35 (October 1817)


NOTES

  • This Number was published 21 Feb. 1818. An original subscriber, Anne Cleaver, entered in her copy the date '1818'.  It was Cleaver's regular practice to indicate the date she received her copy whenever an issue of the QR was published significantly after the date on the title page date [Courier advertisement, 21 Feb. 1818; Cleaver's copy in the present writer's collection]

  • The date on the Quarterly Review's original front wrapper reads 'February 1818' [Present writer's collection]

  • Gifford hoped to have published by the opening of Parliament, 8 Feb. [Murray MS., WG to Robert William Hay, 1 Dec. 1817]

  • This Number sold 12,071 on the first day [Harewood MS., WG to George Canning 27 Mar. 1818]

  • Starting with this Number, Murray increased the remuneration for articles from 10 to 20 guineas per sheet for 'every article of merit or interest' [Harewood MS., WG to George Canning, 21 Feb. 1818] Twenty guineas is worth approximately £850 in today's money (see online resource, How Much is that Worth Today?).

  • Robert W. Hay appears to have had an article in this Number [Murray MS., WG to Robert William Hay, 1 Sept. 1817, 1 Dec. 1817, and 5 Jan.  1818]

  • Barron Field offered an article on the Botany Bay colony based on a manuscript book written by a colonist. Cf. #535 [Murray MS., Barron Field to JM, 13 Dec. 1817]

  • John Barrow had three (and perhaps four) articles in this Number

  • John Hookham Frere was mortified that his Whistlecraft was not noticed in the Quarterly Review. He thought a review of it could well have been given and taken the place of #447, 'Sir William Adams on Cataract.' 'What has the Quarterly to do with cataracts,' Frere reasonably asked, 'or catheters, or cataplasms, or with any subjects which are neither of a political, national, or literary interest?' [quoted in Smiles, II 22]

  • Items for 1818 from Jack Lynch's literary resources page, slightly modified and with additions:

    • The Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle secures the withdrawal of foreign armies from France. The Holy Alliance nations institute common policies of reaction against political dissent.
    • Trial and imprisonment of English publisher Richard Carlile.
    • James Blundell, a London surgeon, performs the first successful human blood transfusion.
    • John Ross searches for the Northwest Passage and explores Baffin Bay (see QR #451 and 503)
    • Andrew Jackson's campaigns in Florida help secure the remainder of that province for the United States.
    • Parliament authorises expenditure of £1,000,000 to build churches (see QR #500).
    • Byron publishes Beppo and Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, IV (see QR #475); Keats publishes Endymion (see QR #473); Scott publishes Rob Roy and The Heart of Midlothian; on 1st January Mary Shelley publishes the first edition of Frankenstein (see QR #458); Percy Shelley reissues Laon and Cythna as The Revolt of Islam (see QR #510).

  • Important or otherwise interesting articles in this Number include: #441, #443, #445, #446, #451

  • Number of definite attributions for this issue: 8

  • Number of probable or possible attributions for this issue: 4

  • Number of articles for which no suggestion of authorship is made: 1

CONTENTS, IDENTIFICATION OF CONTRIBUTORS, AND HISTORICAL NOTES


441 Article 1. Lord Holland, Some Account of the Lives and Writings of Lope Felix de Vega Carpio, and Guillen de Catro, 1-46. Author: Robert Southey.

Running Title: Lord Holland's Life and Writings of Lope de Vega.

Notes: In attributing the article to Southey, Shine cites JM III's Register; Cottle 242-43; Southey 363, 577; Warter IV 259; and Gentleman's Magazine XXI 140. Shine says to see also Southey 368 and Water III 78, 81. Shine quotes from BL MS. 28603 [no folio number given], Robert Southey to William Peachey, 24 Mar. 1818: 'You may have traced me in the account of Lope de Vega in the last QR.' 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. The article is in Southey's definitive MS. list of his QR articles. 

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #326, Oct. 1806, by Francis Jeffrey.

JM III's Register: attribution to Southey, but without evidence.


442 Article 2. Wilks, Historical Sketches of the South of India; in an Attempt to trace the History of Mysoor; from the Origin of the Hindoo Government of that State to the Extinction of the Mahomedan Dynasty in 1799. Vols. ii and iii, 47-73. Author: John Barrow.

Running Title: Wilks's Sketches of the South of India.

Notes: In the absence of guidance from JM III's Register, Shine does not suggest an author for this article.

The following evidence was first published in VPR 28. The first sentence of the article contains a specific reference to #160, a review by Barrow of Wilks's first volume and article #442 fulfills the promise of the author of #160 to review Wilk's additional volumes when they are published. There is also a specific reference on p.48 to #160. In his QR articles, it was Barrow's signature practice to refer to his own works. On pp.72-73, the author of #442 states he is a friend of the late Sir George Staunton. Staunton was Barrow's patron and Barrow was a close friend to Staunton's son. The topic of the article is Barrow's preserve. 

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #568, Aug. 1811, by Alexander Hamilton.


443 Article 3. [Stendhal,] The Lives of Haydn and Mozart; with Observations on the Genius of Metastasio, and the present State of Music in France and Italy. Translated from the French of L. A. C. Bombet. With Notes by the Author of the Sacred Melodies, 73-99. Author: Isaac D'Israeli, possibly, and possibly with John Ireland.

Running Title: Lives of Haydn and Mozart.

Notes: In the absence of guidance from JM III's Register, Shine does not suggest an author for this article. 

The following evidence, published here for the first time, draws weak but interesting connections to D'Israeli and Ireland and gives reason to believe that the article is not by Dr. Burney. Murray MS., WG to JM, [1818 watermark]: 'I cannot complete the revise until I receive Mr. D'Israeli. I wished Dr. Ireland to see it ....' Note the comment on p.80: 'We knew Haydn, and well remember the circumstance of his sitting for the picture' (i.e., Joshua Reynold's portrait). The author has access to Hadyn's correspondence (see page 97). Cf. p.87: 'music and musical instruments of the ancients; a subject that is still involved in considerable obscurity, notwithstanding Dr. Burney's acute and elaborate investigation.' Note reflections on the nature of biography (pp.82, 91), an interest of D'Israeli's. Cf. p.98: 'the history of man [i.e., biography] appears to us more interesting than that of music' (hardly what Burney would have said).


444 Article 4. Southey, The History of Brazil Vol. ii, 99-128. Author: Reginald Heber.

Running Title: Southey's History of Brazil.—Vol. II.

Notes: In attributing the article to Heber, Shine cites JM III's Register; Gentleman's Magazine XXI 140; Smiles II 38; and Heber I 456, 456n. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: the book reviewed was sent to 'Revd. R. Heber' on 9 June 1817. Heber I 482: Reginald Heber to Robert Wilmot Horton, 24 Sept. 1817, says he is reviewing Southey's Brazil. The first volume of Southey's work was reviewed in #125, by Heber.

JM III's Register: attribution to Heber, but without evidence. 


445 Article 5. Bentham, Plan of Parliamentary Reform, in the form of a Catechism, with reasons for each Article; with an Introduction, shewing the necessity of radical, and the inadequacy of moderate Reform, 128-35. Author: Robert William Hay, possibly.

Running Title: Bentham's Plan of Parliamentary Reform.

Notes: In the absence of guidance from JM III's Register, Shine does not suggest an author for this article. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Robert William Hay appears to have had an article in this Number. Murray MS., WG to Hay, 1 Sept. 1817, refers to Hay's 'interesting article.' Murray MS., WG to Hay, 5 Jan. 1818: 'I'll keep the <?> for the Next No.' His last known contribution is #397, published Nov. 1816. Compare Iowa MS. (f. 290), JM to John Wilson Croker, Wednesday [n.d., but 1817 from internal evidence]: '[John William] Ward's Speech was exceedingly happy—in wit and argument & Eloquence—very skillfully sprinkled so as to keep attention alive during a long speech upon an exhausted topic—He made the most excellent use of Bentham—which <Shaw> sent him [Bentham] the morning after. I had sent the first copy to you—his extracts were exceedingly good and craftily managed[.]' 

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #857, Dec. 1818, by James Mackintosh.


446 Article 6. Relation Historique du Voyage de MM. de Humboldt et Bonpland. Tome premier, Seconde Partie, contenant les Feuilles 45 à 81, la Table des Matières et l'Errata, 135-58. Author: John Barrow.

Running Title: De Humboldt's Travels.—Part II.

Notes: In attributing the article to Barrow, Shine cites Gentleman's Magazine (Feb. 1844), 141; (March 1844), 246. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. The article's author refers to #368 and #394, both of which are by Barrow, and article #446 is referred to in #474, #503, #585, #705, and by way of allusion in #667, all of which are by Barrow. In his QR articles, it was Barrow's signature practice to refer to his own works.


447 Article 7. Sir William Adams, A Practical Inquiry into the Causes of the frequent Failure of the Operation of Depression, and of the Extraction of the Cataract, as usually performed; with the Description of a Series of new and improved Operations, by the practice of which most of these Causes of Failure may be avoided. Illustrated by Tables of the comparative success of the new and old modes of practice, 158-68. Author: David Uwins, possibly; OR ____ Lamb, possibly; OR Robert Gooch, possibly.

Running Title: Sir William Adams on Cataract.

Notes: In the absence of guidance from JM III's Register, Shine does not suggest an author for this article. 

The following evidence, published here for the first time, offers suggestions, but the evidence in each case is weak. Murray MS., Cash Book 1811-17, p. 174: '11 Jan 1818 [sic] Q[UER]Y <Adam> on Constitutional Diseases sent to Dr. Uwin Thavies Inn'. Murray MS., Cash Day Book 1817-1819: debit entry re QR '11 Jan. 1817 to Lamb, on Constitutional diseases - 5.6'  Gooch also wrote in the QR on medical matters, but at a later date. 

John Hookham Frere was mortified that his Whistlecraft was not noticed in the QR. He thought a review of it could well have taken the place of this article. 'What has the Quarterly to do with cataracts,' Frere reasonably asked, 'or catheters, or cataplasms, or with any subjects which are neither of a political, national, or literary interest?' [quoted in Smiles, II 22]


448 Article 8. Savigny, Naufrage de la Frégate La Méduse, faisant partie de l'Expédition du Sénégal, en 1816; tous deux Naufragés du Radeau, 168-76. Author: John Barrow, possibly.

Running Title: Naufrage de la Méduse.

Notes: In the absence of guidance from JM III's Register, Shine does not suggest an author for this article. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. There is a specific reference on p. 175 and n. to #438, which is by Barrow. In his QR articles, it was Barrow's signature practice to refer to his own works. The article is much in Barrow's style. Robert William Hay appears to have had an article in this Number [Murray MS., WG to Robert Hay, 1 Dec. 1817, and 5 Jan. (1818)]. Murray MS., WG to Robert William Hay, 1 Sept. 1817, refers to Hay's 'interesting article.' His last known contribution is #397, published Nov. 1816.

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #842, Sept. 1818, by Richard Chenevix. Chenevix was a frequent contributor to the QR.


449 Article 9. Godwin, Mandeville: a Tale of the seventeenth Century in England, 176-77. Author: John Wilson Croker.

Running Title: Godwin's Mandeville.

Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register; Graham 41; and Brightfield 454. Shine also quotes from Iowa MS., JM to [Croker], n.d.: 'I hope you will send me a happy 6 pages on Godwin.' 

The following additional evidence is published here for the first time. Claimed by Croker in six of his Clements Library MS. lists and included in the Cambridge University bound volumes of Croker's articles.

JM III's Register: attribution to Croker, citing unspecified letters. 


450 Article 10. Kendall, An Argument for construing largely the Right of an Appellee of Murder, to insist on Trial by Battle; and also for abolishing Appeals. Second Edition, revised and enlarged, 177-98. Author not identified.

Running Title: Appeal of Murder and Trial by Battle.

Notes:  In the absence of guidance from JM III's Register, Shine does not suggest an author for this article.

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS. Cash Day Book 1817-1819, debit entry for Saturday, 21 Feb. 1818, sent 'to W B': 'Brandreths Trials 2 vols. / Watsons Trials 8vo / Hones' Trials 3 pts'  Murray MS., WG to Robert William Hay, 1 Dec. 1817, says he hopes the next Number will be out by opening of Parliament (8 Feb.). States that Hay's prospective article bears a relation to Hay's other 'present elegant & pleasing Art.' Harewood MS., WG to George Canning, March 27 [1818 watermark] 'I will take care to let our coy friend know your opinion. He is now in Scotland .... He was, of course, handsomely paid....' Possibly William Macleod Bannatyne (1743-1833; DNB), although unlikely as he was a Scottish judge.


451 Article 11. Chappell, Narrative of a Voyage to Hudson's Bay, in His Majesty's Ship Rosamond, containing some Account of the North-eastern Coast of America, and of the Tribes inhabiting that remote Region, 199-223. Author: John Barrow.

Running Title: On the Polar Ice and Northern Passage into the Pacific.

Notes: In attributing the article to Barrow, Shine cites JM III's Register; Smiles II 45, 45n; Gentleman's Magazine XXI 141; and Barrow 505-5, 506n. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM [1818]: 'I forgot to ask Mr Barrow about the running title—Passage into the Pacific, is not sufficiently explanatory....' 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Barrow's series of articles in the QR on polar exploration includes #451, #461, #474, #503, #585, #667, #705, #97WI, and #163WI. Of these articles, #451 is specifically referred to in #474, #503, #585, #705, and by way of allusion in #667. Cf. #406. At pages 233 and 265 of #705, the author of the article specifically alludes to his former articles in the QR on Captain Ross (#451 and #503). In his QR articles, it was Barrow's signature practice to refer to his own works.

[Bookseller's note on Anthony Lockwood, A Brief Description of Nova Scotia, with Plates of the Principal Harbors; including a Particular Account of the Island of Grand Manan. (1818). 'Prepared from records in the office of the surveyor-general of Nova Scotia. The appendix, pp103-134, contains an excerpt from the Quarterly Review, Oct. 1817, a review of Arctic Exploration and plans for the expedition of Capt. John Ross, to explore a northwest passage beyond Davis Strait.']

JM III's Register: attribution to Barrow, but without evidence. 


452 Article 12. Malo, Panorama d'Angleterre, ou Ephémérides Anglaises politiques et littéraires, 223-29. Author: John Wilson Croker.

Running Title: M. C. Malo—Panorama d'Angleterre.

Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register; Gentleman's Magazine XXI 141; and Brightfield 454.

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Claimed by Croker in five of his Clements Library MS. lists and included in the Cambridge University bound volumes of Croker's articles.

JM III's Register: attribution to Croker, but without evidence. 


453 Article 13. Anecdotes of the Life of Richard Watson, D.D., Bishop of Landaff, written by himself at different intervals, and revised in 1814. Published by his Son, Richard Watson, LL.B. Prebendary of Landaff and Wells. 229-53. Author: Thomas Dunham Whitaker.

Running Title: Life of Richard Watson, Bishop of Landaff.

Notes: In attributing the article to Whitaker, Shine cites Nichols xxix and Gentleman's Magazine XXI 141. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [Aug. 1818]: '...Dr W ... I regard as the best and most forcible painter of character in the country. His Watson, though it was improperly timed, ... is the most striking Art. that I have seen on the subject ....' 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: Bishop Burnet's Memorial was sent to 'Revd. Dr Whitaker' on 12 Apr. 1815 (Burnet and Watson are compared on pp.230, 259-60). 

Watson's Memoirs was the subject of a review in ER, #836, June 1818, by Henry Brougham.

JM III's Register: attribution to Whitaker, but without evidence.

Published @ RC

February 2005