This resource provides a detailed chronology of Mary Shelley's life and work, as well as several contemporary reviews of her novels and of a play inspired by Frankenstein.
VOLUME 23, NUMBER 46 (July 1820)
- This Number was published 5 Oct. 1820
[Courier advertisement, 5 Oct. 1820; note also the date mentioned
in the following title of a pamphlet issued in reply to article #550 in
this Number: W. L. Bowles, A Reply to the charges brought by the Reviewer
of Spence's Anecdotes in the Quarterly Review from October 1820 against
the last editor of Pope's Works; and Author of "A Letter to Mr. Campbell,"
on "The Invariable Principles of Poetry.
- 'Now we shall publish this Number of the Review
in about a fortnight ...' [Murray MS., JM to John Wilson Croker,
1 Sept. 1820]
- Rejected articles: Murray MS., Cash
Book, 1821-24, pp.10-11: 'Quarterly Review 46 ... Naples, Irish Eloquence.'
- #554 is signed 'W' for 'Whistlecraft', John Hookham
Frere's pseudonym, and is therefore, as noted in the DNB article
on Frere, an early instance of a periodical reviewer signing his work
- Important or otherwise interesting articles in this
Number include: #548, #550, #554, #556, #557
- Number of definite attributions for this issue:
- Number of probable or possible attributions for this issue: 2
546 Article 1. Whittaker, An Historical and Critical Enquiry into the Interpretation of the Hebrew Scriptures, with Remarks on Mr. Bellamy's New Translation; Bellamy, A New Translation of the Holy Bible Part II; Bland Burges, Reasons in favour of a New Translation of the Holy Scriptures; Todd, A Vindication of our Authorized Translation and Translators of the Bible, in answer to Objections of Mr. John Bellamy and Sir James Bland Burges; Whittaker, Supplement to an Historical and Critical Enquiry into the Interpretation of the Hebrew Scriptures, with Remarks on Mr. Bellamy's New Translation, 287-325. Author: George D'Oyly.
Running Title: Translation of the BibleBellamy, Sir J. B. Burges, &c.
Notes: In attributing the article to D'Oyly, Shine cites only JM III's Register.
The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., George D'Oyly to JM, 24 Apr. 1820, says that he encloses sheets on Bellamy to forward to WG.
JM III's Register: attribution to D'Oyly, but without evidence.
547 Article 2. Douglas, An Essay on certain Points of Resemblance between the Ancient and Modern Greeks; Holland, Travels in the Ionian Isles, Albania, Thessaly, Macedonia, &c. during the Years 1812 and 1813; Haygarth, Greece, a Poem; with Notes, Classical Illustrations, and Sketches of the Scenery, 325-59. Author: John Barrow.
Running Title: Modern Greece.
Notes: In attributing the article to Barrow, Shine cites only JM III's Register.
The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: one of the books reviewed was sent to 'John Barrow' on 8 Feb. 1818. Murray MS., John Barrow to JM, 29 May 1820, says when the article is printed return 'Dr. Holland's two volumes.' (The reference may be to #538.) The article's author refers to books that Barrow reviewed in #278 and #476. In his QR articles, it was Barrow's signature practice to refer to his own works. See also Gentleman's Magazine (Mar. 1844), 246-47. John Murray published Douglas's volume.
JM III's Register: attribution to Barrow, but without evidence.
Running Title: Parnell's A Letter to the Editor of the Quarterly Review.
Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register and Brightfield 455. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [Summer or early autumn 1820]: 'Pray ... remembrances to Mr Croker & thank him for his Art.' Shine notes that 'the expression "his Art." could refer to #548, #555, or 556.' In suggesting as an alternative attribution the co-authorship of Croker and WG, Shine cites Clark 199-200.
The following evidence is published here for the first time. The article addresses William Parnell, A Letter to the Editor of the Quarterly Review (1820). Parnell's volume was an answer to #511, Croker's review of Parnell's novel Maurice and Berghetta. Murray MS., John Wilson Croker to JM, 13 July 1820, says he has sent WG his article on Parnell. Claimed by Croker in six of his Clements Library MS. lists and included in the Cambridge University bound volumes of Croker's articles.
JM III's Register: attribution to Croker, but without evidence.
549 Article 4. Grece, Facts and Observations respecting Canada and the United States of America; affording a Comparative View of the inducements to Emigration presented in those Countries: to which is added an Appendix of Practical Instructions to Emigrant Settlers in the British Colonies; Stuart, The Emigrant's Guide to Upper Canada, or, Sketches of the Present State of that Province, collected from a Residence therein during the Years 1817, 1818, 1819, Interspersed with Reflections; Strachan, A Visit to the Province of Upper Canada, in 1819, 373-400. Author: Richard Whately.
Running Title: Emigration to Canada.
Notes: In attributing the article to Whately, Shine cites JM III's Register and Whately 211, 211n. [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: reprinted in Whately's Miscellaneous Lectures and Reviews (London, 1861), 211-45.] Shine quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM : 'Is it possible to let Mr Whately see the revise of Canada? He is at Oriel College.'
The following information is published here for the first time. In the article's first sentence the reviewer refers back to #522, an article by John Barrow.
[Bookseller's note: 'Grece's informative guide provides details regarding agriculture, the cost of clearing land, and other useful facts, and strongly advises emigrants to choose Canada over the United States. The author himself emigrated to Canada in 1805, settling as a farmer near Montreal and becoming involved in the unsuccessful attempt to cultivate hemp in Lower Canada, a costly endeavour that was being encouraged by the imperial and colonial governments. Casey I 1059. Dionne II 978. Gagnon I 1549. Howes G-352. Kingsford pp. 61-62. Kress C.312. Lande 397. Morgan p. 161. Sabin 28480. TPL 1169. DCB VII pp. 357-58.']
JM III's Register: attribution to Whately, but without evidence.
550 Article 5. Spence, Anecdotes, Observations, and Characters of Books and Men, collected from the Conversation of Mr. Pope, and other eminent Persons of his Time. Now first published from the original Papers, with Notes and a Life of the Author by Samuel Weller Singer; Spence, Observations, Anecdotes, and Characters of Books and Men. Arranged with Notes by Edmund Malone, Esq.; Bowles, The Invariable Principles of Poetry, in a Letter addressed to Thomas Campbell, Esq. occasioned by some Critical Observations in his Specimens of British Poets, particularly relating to the Poetical Character of Pope, 400-34. Author: Isaac D'Israeli.
Running Title: Spence's Anecdotes of Books and Men.
Notes: In attributing the article to D'Israeli, Shine cites JM III's Register; Smiles II 53 [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: letter from D'Israeli to JM, Oct. 1820, acknowledging payment for an article in this Number]; Greever 119n, 120, 127; DNB; and CBEL III 201. Shine says to see also Grierson VI 310n, 311 and Greever 120. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, postmarked Ramsgate, Sunday noon  [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: the Shine volume's error in recording the letter's date is hereby corrected]: 'I hope you will bring Mr D'Israeli's revise ... as I am stopped.' In suggesting John Wilson Croker as an alternative attribution, Shine cites Gentleman's Magazine XXI 578.
The following information is published here for the first time. The article was the occasion for W. L. Bowles, A Reply to the charges brought by the Reviewer of Spence's Anecdotes in the Quarterly Review from October 1820 against the last editor of Pope's Works; and Author of "A Letter to Mr. Campbell," on "The Invariable Principles of Poetry." (1820) and, again, William L. Bowles, Letters to Mr. T. Campbell, as far as Regards Poetical Criticism, &c. &c. And the Answer to the Writer in the Quarterly Review, as far as they Relate to the same Subjects; together with an Answer to some Objections; and Further Illustrations (1822). Article #550 is referred to in #50WI, which is attributed to George Taylor. John Murray published Malone's volume.
[Bookseller's note: 'Malone's edition was published on the same day as a rival version by S. W. Singer. Joseph Spence (1699-1768), a friend of Pope and professor of poetry at Oxford, left a mass of manuscript anecdotes, recollections, and notes of conversations with Pope and others. He obviously intended his notes for posthumous publication and, after passing through several hands, one group of manuscripts reached Malone and another reached Singer. The manuscript of this title was made good use of after the author's death (in 1768) by many who knew the Rev. Spence and the quality of his literary criticism: Owen Ruffhead and Samuel Johnson in their lives of Pope; Johnson in his Life of Addison; and Malone in his Life of Dryden.']
The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #911, May 1820, probably by William Hazlitt.
JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'D'Israeli'.
JM III's Register: attribution to D'Israeli, but
551 Article 6. Hodgskin, An Autumn near the Rhine; Jacob, Travels in the North of Germany; A View of Agriculture, Manufactures, Statistics, and State of Society of Germany, and Parts of Holland and France; taken during a Journey through those Countries, in 1819; Die wichtigsten Leben Momente Karl Ludwig Sands aus Wunsiedel; Memoirs of Charles Lewis Sand, including a Narrative of the Circumstances attending the Death of Augustus von Kotzebue. Also a Defence of the German Universities, 434-54. Author: Robert William Hay.
Running Title: State of Society, &c. in Germany.
Notes: In attributing the article to Hay, Shine cites JM III's Register. Shine also quotes from the following letters. Murray MS., WG to JM, 23 Aug. : 'I have but one copy of the Germany, & thought I had desired you to let Mr Hay have yours. ... Pray send him a revise. I can still improve it a little by a trifling omission & correction or two.' Murray MS., WG to JM, Sunday noon  [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: the Shine volume's error in recording the letter's date is hereby corrected]: 'Mr Hay, I suppose will let you have his revise. I hope he will bear the abridgement well. I have certainly done him a kindness; as indeed, I wished to do, for he is an excellent character. ... There is yet a trifle to take outbut I wait for his papers.'
[Bookseller's note on Travels in the North of Germany: 'After his early naval career, Hodgskin (1787-1869) embarked, in July 1815, upon a three-year continental tour, with the object of collecting material on the social and economic conditions of Europe in the aftermath of the Napoleonic wars. The present work was the result. "[His] description and information were accompanied by a sort of running commentary, consisting of a considered criticism of the ideas of government and law" (Elie Halévy, Thomas Hodgskin, pp. 42-43). The work is also concerned with questions of economic and social justice. It contains an important passage (II, 97-8) expounding the socialist viewpoint, centred on a labour theory of value, which was to be more fully formulated in his pamphlet, Labour defended against the Claims of Capital, published five years later, and from which Marxian economic thought later germinated: "Capital is the produce of labour, and profit is nothing but a portion of that labour, uncharitably exacted for permitting the labourer to consume a part of what he has himself produced". See Halévy, op. cit., pp. 42-51, and Esther Lowenthal, The Ricardian Socialists, ch. 4. Goldsmiths' 22760; Kress C.551; Stammhammer III, 151; Menger, p. 203; Foxwell, Bibliography of the English Socialist School, p. 19.']
JM III's Register: attribution to Hay, but without evidence.
Running Title: Fables from La Fontaine.
Notes: In attributing the article to Matthews, Shine cites only JM III's Register. [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: no evidence has been found to support the attribution to Matthews.]
John Murray published the volume under review.
[Bookseller's note, modified: 'Besides political references (including more than one to John Cam Hobhouse) there are mentions of Cobbett, Moore, and Scott. Matthews' fourteen children included Henry, author of 'The Diary of an Invalid' (also 1820), and Byron's and Hobhouse's early friend Charles Skynner Matthews.']
JM III's Register: attribution to Henry Matthews, but without evidence.
553 Article 8. Edward Daniel Clarke, The Glass Blow-pipe, or Art of Fusion, by burning the Gaseous Constituents of Water: giving the History of the Philosophical Apparatus so denominated; the Proofs of Analogy in its operations to the Nature of Volcanoes; together with an Appendix, containing an Account of Experiments with this Blow-pipe, 466-74. Author: Edward Daniel Clarke, possibly.
Running Title: Clarke.Glass Blow-pipe.
Notes: In attributing the article to Clarke, Shine cites only JM III's Register. [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: while aspects of the article suggest self-promotion, no evidence has been found to support the attribution to Clarke.]
The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #894, Oct. 1819, by William Brougham [sic].
JM III's Register: attribution to 'Dr. Clarke,' but without evidence.
Running Title: Mitchell's Translations of Aristophanies.
Notes: In attributing the article to Frere, Shine cites JM III's Register; Frere I 177-79, 179n, II 178-214; QR XXXII 45, 45n; Eichler 52, 52n; and DNB. Shine says to see also Frere III 39n. Shine quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [Sept. or Oct. 1820]: 'I am a great deal embarrassed about Aristophanes. ... the light matter ... though very good, seems out of place in our Review. ... yet what will Frere say to cutting out four pages of what he probably considers very highly! And yet, if it must be done, it must.' Shine notes that the article is signed 'W' and surmises 'perhaps for Frere's pseudonym Whistlecraft.'
The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. WG cut from the article a passage he thought was too much in the flippant acerbic tone of Blackwood's Magazine. Duke MS., WG to George Canning, 3 Oct : 'You know, I suppose, that the Article on Aristophanies is by Frere; it is the first that he has given me.' The article, signed 'W' for Whistlecraft, Frere's pseudonym, is the first signed article in the Quarterly Review. John Murray published Mitchell's volume.
The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #931, Nov. 1820, by D. K. Sandford.
JM II's marked QR: [in pencil] 'J. H. Frere'.
JM III's Register: attribution to Frere, but without evidence.
Running Title: Advice to Julia.
Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register and Brightfield 455. Shine also cites the letter quoted at entry #546.
The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., JM to John Wilson Croker, 1 Sept. 1820: 'Julia is excellent & justbut it will damn my book.' Claimed by Croker in six of his Clements Library MS. lists and included in the Cambridge University bound volumes of Croker's articles. John Murray published the volume under review.
JM III's Register: attribution to Croker, but without evidence.
556 Article 11. Maria Edgeworth, Memoirs of Richard Lovell Edgeworth, Esq. Begun by himself and concluded by his Daughter, Maria Edgeworth, 510-49. Author: John Wilson Croker, with T. Casey and William Gifford.
Running Title: Memoirs of R. L. Edgeworth, Esq.
Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register; Graham 41; and Brightfield 455. Shine says to see also Grierson V 25n, VI 95n. Shine quotes from the following letters. Iowa MS., JM to Croker, n.d.: 'Rely upon my silence about Eyou will do a service by taking it out of the hand of Southey who is decided for praising thembut extract what is really interesting tooI will send Seward's Life of Darwin [cf. QR XXIII 534] & any other thing that occur to us ... your present undertaking will be inserted the moment it shall be receivedby the way would not the slight apology with which you proposed to open the Article on Ecome with effect at the Endlead the Reader innot knowing what he is to expect& convince him but do <not> erect his bristles against you at first ....' Murray MS., WG to JM, [Sept. or Oct. 1820]: 'I saw our friend yesterdayhe has his reasons for wishing Edgeworth to appear.' Murray MS., WG to JM, : 'I have written to Croker ... he will be mortified by the omission of his Art.he talks of having some personal object &what can be done?'
The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. Murray MS, JM to John Wilson Croker, 1 Sept. 1820: says WG has edited 'Edgeworth' and has suggested some additions. Florida MS., Croker to T. Casey, 20 July 1820: 'Now do me a review (postponing the Cathedral inquiries)[.] Edgeworth's life published by his daughter is under the hands of one of our reviewers who has applied to me as the only Irishman in the fraternity for Irish factsbut alas, I am wholly ignorant of the man & his lifethey say the book is full of lies; those in the first vol English lies, told by him self, & easily detected there; those in the 2d. vol, Irish lies carefully wrapped up by the <?> <?> of the daughter. I wish you would read the 2d. vol & give me as soon as possible your observations, but, at all events get me some account of whether Edgeworth ever knew Langford before 1796.Did he make any ^other efforts to get into parliament at any timedid he take any political bribeswhat was the secret of his extraordinary conduct thinking for itvoting against it. How <?> for the JohnstownThese are the kind of things which you are more likely to know or at least to get at, than the foundations of Cathedrals; & so I hope for complete information. Florida MS., Croker to Casey, 24 July 1820: 'I expect a <bunch?> of Edgeworthiana from youyou will continue to direct Adm[iralt]y. Look in pages 223 &c. What was the secret of this affair ....' Iowa MS., WG to JM, [n.d., no watermark], 'Burn this / My dear Sir / I read all the Proofsstill regretting even my gentle terminationbut it is better to hazard it, than to continue the struggle, which I rather feared. I hope all is now done in good humour, & that no more will be said on either sideAs for the public, they will stare perhapsbut one must keep our secret very strictly.' [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: the absence of a date to the letter makes it impossible to know if article #556 is being referred to. The letter may instead refer to #492.] Claimed by Croker in six of his Clements Library MS. lists and included in the Cambridge University bound volumes of Croker's articles.
The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #925, Aug. 1820, by Francis Jeffrey.
JM III's Register: attribution to Croker, but without evidence.
557 Article 12. Yates, The Church in Danger; a Statement of the Cause, and of the probable Means of averting that Danger; Yates, The Basis of National Welfare; considered in Reference chiefly to the late Prosperity of Britain, and Safety of the Church of England; Substance of the Speech delivered by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, on Monday the 16th of March, 1818, on proposing a Grant of One Million for providing Additional Places of Public Worship in England; Brewster, A Sketch of the History of Churches in England, to which is added a Sermon on the Honours of God in Places of Public Worship; Elmes, A Letter to the Right Honourable the Earl of Liverpool on that Part of the Speech of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, which recommended the Attention of Parliament to the Deficiency in the Number of Places of Public Worship belonging to the Established Church; Haydon, New Churches, considered with respect to the Opportunities they offer for the Encouragement of Painting, 549-91. Author: Robert Southey.
Running Title: New Churches.
Notes: In attributing the article to Southey, Shine cites JM III's Register; Cottle 242-43; Southey 577; and Gentleman's Magazine XXI 578. Shine says to see also Smiles II 43, 109, 110; Warter III 96, 99, 122-23, 164-65, 169, 190; and Southey 379. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [Sept. or Oct. 1820]: 'This affair of Southey is a sad oneI never saw his revise. What I had was that which is now printed, from his first proof, so long ago. ... we cannot do without the Church Art.'
The following evidence is published here for the first time. The article appears in Southey's definitive MS. list of his QR articles. Curry II 182n.
JM III's Register: attribution to Southey, but without evidence.