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Quarterly Review Archive

Quarterly Review
VOLUME 24 , NUMBER 48 (January 1821)


NOTES

  • This Number was published on or about 6 Apr. 1821 [Courier advertisement, 6 Apr. 1821]. Thomas Mitchell received his copy on the 12th  [Murray MS., Mitchell to JM, 13 Apr. 1821]

  • Items for 1821 from Jack Lynch's literary resources page, slightly modified:

    • Invited by King Ferdinand of Naples, Austrian forces put down a Neapolitan revolt.
    • Portugese troops in Brazil revolt against absolutist rule, gaining constitutional concessions from the Portugese king.
    • Declarations of Independence from Spain in Bolivia, Chile, Peru and Uruguay.
    • Balkan revolts against Turkish rule precede the beginning of the Greek War of Independence against Ottoman Turkey.
    • The United States founds the West African colony of Liberia for the repatriation of freed slaves.
    • Queen Caroline defended by Henry Brougham.
    • Manchester Guardian founded.
    • Sir William Edward Parry publishes Journal of a Voyage for the Discovery of a North-West Passage (see QR #585, #705).
    • James Mill publishes Elements of Political Economy.
    • Byron publishes Don Juan, III-V; De Quincey publishes Confessions of an English Opium Eater; Scott publishes Kenilworth (see QR #605); Southey publishes A Vision of Judgment. In its preface, Southey castigates Byron's verse; he also attacks the poetry of Percy Shelley and Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein (See QR #458).
    • November: Byron joins the Shelleys in Pisa.
    • Death of Queen Caroline; death of Keats; death of Napoleon (see QR #661).
  • Important or otherwise interesting articles in this Number include: #567, #570 (Jane Austen's novels), #574, #576 (by Ugo Foscolo)

  • Number of definite attributions for this issue: 8

  • Number of probable or possible attributions for this issue: 3

CONTENTS, IDENTIFICATION OF CONTRIBUTORS, AND HISTORICAL NOTES


566 Article 1. First Report from the Select Committee of the House of Lords, appointed to inquire into the Means of extending and securing the Foreign Trade of the Country; Report from the Select Committee of the House of Commons, appointed to consider of the Means of maintaining and improving the Foreign Trade of the Country; Speech of the Right Hon. the Earl of Liverpool on the Means of extending and securing the Foreign Trade of the Country; Reflections on the present Difficulties of the Country, and on relieving them by opening new Markets to our Commerce, and removing all injurious Restrictions. By an Old Asiatic Merchant; Observations on the injurious Consequences of the Restrictions upon Foreign Commerce. By a Member of Parliament, 273-302. Author: M  Fletcher, probably.

Running Title: Freedom of Commerce.

Notes: In attributing the article to Fletcher [possibly M. Fletcher of London], Shine cites only JM III's Register. 

The following information is published here for the first time. Possibly M. Fletcher, author of Reflexions on the Causes Which Influence the Price of Corn (London, 1827). Cf. #620 and #626. 

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #912, May 1820, by J. R. McCulloch.

JM III's Register:  '—Fletcher,' but without evidence. 


567 Article 2. [Maturin,] Melmoth, the Wanderer. By the Author of Bertram, 303-11. Author: John Wilson Croker.

Running Title: Maturin—Melmoth, the Wanderer.

Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register; Graham 41; and Brightfield 455. Shine says to see also Clark 199: 'Its form, but not its irony, is very much like Gifford's.' Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [25 Jan. 1821]: 'Crokers little Art is exceeding good, & Barrows much more amusing than you led me to expect. It wants to be [?cut] by a friendly hand, and this I cannot lend it for a day or two.' 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., John Wilson Croker to JM, 29 July [1820]: Croker indicates he is working on this topic.  Claimed by Croker in six of his Clements Library MS. lists and included in the Cambridge University bound volumes of Croker's articles. 

JM III's Register: attribution to Croker, but without evidence.


568 Article 3. Hugh Murray, Historical Account of Discoveries and Travels in Asia, from the earliest Periods to the present Time, 311-41. Author: John Barrow.

Running Title: Murray's Asiatic Discoveries.

Notes: In attributing the article to Barrow, Shine cites JM III's Register and quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [25 Jan. 1821]: 'Croker's little Art is exceeding good, & Barrows much more amusing than you led me to expect.' 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Gentleman's Magazine (Mar. 1844), 246-47. The article's author refers back to #501, an article by Barrow. Article #568 is referred to in #633, by Barrow. In his QR articles, it was Barrow's signature practice to refer to his own works.

JM III's Register: attribution to Barrow, but without evidence.


569 Article 4. Accum, A Treatise on Adulterations of Food and Culinary Poisons, exhibiting the fraudulent Sophistications of Bread, Beer, Wine, Spirituous Liquors, Tea, Coffee, Cream, Confectionary, Vinegar, Mustard, Pepper, Cheese, Olive Oil, Pickles, and other Articles employed in Domestic Economy, and Methods of Detecting them, 341-52. Author: John MacCulloch, possibly.

Running Title: Accum—On Culinary Poisons.

Notes: In attributing the article to MacCulloch, Shine cites only JM III's Register. [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: in the absence of additional evidence, the attribution is less than definitive.]

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #905, Jan. 1820, possibly by Henry Brougham.

JM III's Register: attribution to 'Dr. McCulloch.' but without evidence.


570 Article 5. [Austen,] Northanger Abbey, and Persuasion. By the Author of 'Sense and Sensibility,' 'Pride and Prejudice,' 'Mansfield Park,' and 'Emma.' New Edition, 352-76. Author: Richard Whately.

Running Title: Modern Novels.

Notes: In attributing the article to Whately, Shine cites JM III's Register; Lockhart VI 187n; Whately iii-iv, 282; Gentleman's Magazine XXI 578; Tuckwell 55; QR CCX 740; Graham 41-42; Reitzel in PMLA XLIII 487; Hogan in PMLA XLV 1265-66, 1266n [that states] 'Probably doctored by Gifford'; Keynes 245 item 257; Bonnell 371, 371n; CHEL XII 490; and CBEL III 383. Shine says to see also Scott and says 'However, Lockhart 187 corrects the mistake' [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: concerning this reference to Lockhart, see note appended to JM III's Register attribution quoted below.] Shine quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [25 Jan. 1821]: 'Have you recd. any parcel for me from Cheltenham? Mr Whately promised to send one, & actually sent it a week ago.' 

The following information is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: Mansfield Park was sent to 'W. Nassau' (i.e., Nassau Senior) on 20 Nov. 1820.

John Murray published the volumes under review.

JM III's Register: attribution to 'Sir W Scott' citing unspecified letters, and with this note: 'By Dr Whateley—from Lockhart's Life of Scott in wh book, however, it is inserted by mistake.'


571 Article 6. Barker, Aristarchus Anti-Blomfieldianus; or, a Reply to the Notice of the Greek Thesaurus, inserted in the 44th Number of the Quarterly Review. Part the First, 376-400. Author: James Henry Monk, and possibly with Charles James Blomfield; OR Charles James Blomfield, and possibly with James Henry Monk.

Running Title: Barker—Aristarchus Anti-Blomfieldianus.

Notes: In attributing the article to Monk, Shine cites JM III's Register and Blomfield I 27-28. Shine says to see also Blomfield 34-35. [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: Blomfield I 27-28 states this article was by Monk, 'which was rendered almost necessary by the fact that Valpy had published a defence of his own share in the work among the advertisements which formed the fly-leaves of the Quarterly itself; and from that time Bishop Blomfield was never again engaged in any literary polemics.' No evidence is cited, however, to support the attribution to Monk.]

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Primary evidence points fairly clearly to Blomfield and Monk having worked on this article, though which man was primary author and which sub-editor is not clear. Murray MS., G. J. Monk to JM, 15 Jan. 1858, says he has a letter of WG to James Henry Monk that mentions this review. He thinks Blomfield, not his father, wrote the article. The article is a defence of #525, which is by Blomfield; there is some logic in thinking that Blomfield would be compelled to (or that WG asked him to) defend his own article. However, the article praises Blomfield (pp.377, 379) in language unlikely to have come from Blomfield's own pen. It is is entirely possible that Blomfield wrote the article and Monk sub-edited it.

JM III's Register: attribution to James Henry Monk, but without evidence.


572 Article 7. Transactions of the Horticultural Society of London; Memoirs of the Caledonian Horticultural Society, 400-19. Author: John Claudius Loudon, possibly, and with William Gifford.

Running Title: Rise and Progress of Horticulture.

Notes: In attributing the article to Loudon, Shine cites JM III's Register. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [19 July 1822 postmark]: 'Some one has sent me a review of a horticultural work by Loudon. Can this be our quondam friend? If so, I am sorry for him, for he appears from the quotations to be an ignorant, imprudent & even profligate scholar. I was well aware from his Art that he could not write at all; but I gave him credit for knowledge of his subject & therefore took pains with his paper, which contained many curious facts.'

The following discussion and information is published here for the first time. The Murray MS. letter quoted in Shine cannot easily be made to support the attribution to Loudon. WG himself did not know the author's identity and merely speculates that it is 'our quondam friend'. Why WG should refer to Loudon as a sometime or former friend is not clear, if, indeed, the reference is to Loudon at all. Except for the unsupported attribution in JM III's Register, there is no suggestion that Loudon had any connection with WG, JM, or the QR. While it is entirely possible that JM III based his attribution on definitive primary evidence, that evidence has not been located by the present writer despite an exhaustive search of the Murray archives. 

The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #935, Nov. 1820, by an unidentified writer.

JM III's Register: attribution to Loudon, but without evidence.


573 Article 8. Motte-Fenélon, Abrégé de la Vie des plus illustres Philosophes de l'Antiquité. Ouvrage destiné à l'Education de la Jeunesse. Nouv. Ed., 419-61. Author: Thomas Mitchell

Running Title: Manners of the Athenians.

Notes: In attributing the article to Mitchell, Shine cites JM III's Register and the DNB

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Thomas Mitchell to JM, 18 Nov. 1819, says he is now at work on the 'Greek banquets'. Murray MS., Mitchell to JM, 13 Apr. 1821, speaks of an article by him in this Number. 

JM III's Register: attribution to Mitchell, but without evidence.


574 Article 9. Huntington, The Works of the Reverend William Huntington, S.S. Minister of the Gospel, at Providence Chapel, Gray's Inn Lane, completed to the close of the Year 1806, 462-510. Author: Robert Southey

Running Title: Huntington, S. S. Works and Life.

Notes: In attributing the article to Southey, Shine cites JM III's Register; Cottle 242-43; Southey 577; Gentleman's Magazine XXI 578; and Huchon 217n. Shine says to see also Southey 387n; Smiles II 110; and Warter III 216, 225.

The following evidence is published here for the first time. The article appears in Southey's definitive MS. list of his QR articles.

JM III's Register: attribution to Southey, but without evidence.


575 Article 10. Hope, Anastasius, or the Memoirs of a Greek; written at the close of the 18th Century. Third Edition, 511-29. Author: Henry Matthews

Running Title: Hope's Anastasius. 

Notes: In attributing the article to Matthews, Shine cites only JM III's Register. In suggesting William Gifford as an alternative attribution, Shine cites Gentleman's Magazine XXI 578; Graham 41; and Clarke 193: 'This article "is similar in method to Gifford's other articles."' Shine says to see also Clark 187, 273 note 98.

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS. Henry Matthews to JM, 9 Aug. 1820, says he sends a review of this book to be forwarded to WG.

John Murray published the volumes under review.

JM III's Register: attribution to Matthews, but without evidence.


576 Article 11. De Genlis, Pétrarque et Laure, 529-66. Author: Ugo Foscolo

Running Title: Mad. de Genlis—Pétrarque et Laure.

Notes: In attributing the article to Foscolo, Shine cites JM III's Register and Wicks 35, that claims the article was 'mutilated' by WG. Shine says to see also Wicks 17 and Moore III 293, 329. [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: on its face the evidence supplied by Shine for attributing the article to Foscolo is not definitive. The present writer has not undertaken an adequate survey of available evidence to qualify or confirm the attribution.]

The following information is published here for the first time. In a footnote on page 549 the author states: 'Two letters written with his [Petrarch's] own hand, now existing in the library of Lord Holland, are the only two specimens we have seen ....' In a footnote on page 555 the author states: 'This passage is taken from the 14th of those Letters which are not to be found amongst Petrarch's works. The manuscript is preserved in the Library of Saint Mark, at Venice.'

JM III's Register: attribution to Foscolo, but without evidence.

Published @ RC

February 2005

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