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Quarterly Review Archive

Quarterly Review
VOLUME 26 , NUMBER 52 (January 1822)


NOTES

  • This Number was published on or about 30 Mar. 1822 [Courier advertisement, 30 Mar. 1822; Murray MS., Bills: 28 March 1822]
  • Original wrapper: "Published in March, 1822." [Present writer's collection]

  • At this time, Gifford and Murray tried to get Croker to write an article on Ireland and he in turn tried to convince his associate, Thomas Casey, but to no avail [Florida MS., Croker to Casey, 21 Dec. 1821]

  • Murray MS., WG to John Taylor Coleridge, 21 Feb. 1822: 'I heard of your young friend from Whately, who spoke of him with feeling' as a man of genius and talent. Gifford says he will be glad to accept Whatley's articles. 'Let him write a short article.' The 'young friend' may be John Keble or Thomas Arnold, about whom WG and JTC corresponded in late 1820 and early 1821. See #613. Whately was a pupil of Edward Copleston at Oriel College, about whom Copleston wrote that 'he is the best student I have ever had.'

  • Items for 1822 from Jack Lynch's literary resources page, slightly modified:

    • Suicide of British statesman Lord Castlereagh; succeeded by George Canning as Foreign Secretary. Liverpool government liberalized with entry of Canning, Peel, and Huskisson into the Cabinet.
    • Greek patriots declare independence from Turkey. The war of independence continues amidst pitched battles and communal massacres on both sides. (See QR #672)
    • The Congress of Verona commits French royalists to intervention against the Spanish constitutional government.
    • Bolivar and San Martin victorious over Spain in South American wars of independence. (See QR #674)
    • Brazilian independence from Portugal: a peaceful revolution ends with Dom Pedro, the Portugese regent, being installed as a constitutional monarch.
    • United States President Monroe (the Monroe Doctrine), and British Foreign Secretary Canning, recognize the independence of the South American republics.  (See QR #674)
    • Reginald Heber, a frequent contributor to the Quarterly Review, becomes Bishop of Calcutta.
    • Lamark develops his theory of evolution in Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres (see QR #646 and 680)
    • Byron publishes The Vision of Judgement, a reply to, and comic attack upon Southey; Leigh Hunt's The Liberal founded (fails after four issues); Scott publishes Halidon Hill, The Pirate (see QR #623), The Fortunes of Nigel (see QR #640), and Peveril of the Peak.
    • Matthew Arnold is born this year.
  • Important or otherwise interesting articles in this Number include: #621, and #623 (Senior's review of Scott's The Pirate)

  • Number of definite attributions for this issue: 14

  • Number of probable or possible attributions for this issue: 5

  • Number of articles for which no suggestion of authorship is made: 1

CONTENTS, IDENTIFICATION OF CONTRIBUTORS, AND HISTORICAL NOTES


612 Article 1. An Account of the Abipones, an Equestrian People of Paraguay. Translated from the Latin of Martin Dorbrizhoffer. Eighteenth Years a Missionary in that Country, 277-323. Author: Robert Southey

Running Title: Dorbrizhoffer—Account of the Abipones.

Notes: In attributing the article to Southey, Shine cites JM III's Register; Cottle 242-43; and Southey 577. Shine says to see also Warter II 286, 289, 301, and Southey 404. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. The article appears in Southey's definitive MS. list of his QR articles.

This English translation of a work that was first published in Latin in 1784 was by Sara Coleridge (1802-1852), Southey's niece, who was raised at Keswick under Southey's roof. Indeed, the translation was undertaken to complement Southey's Tale of Paraguay, 'which had been suggested to him by Dobrizhoffer’s volumes' (EB 1911 edition). John Murray published the volume under review.

[Booksellers' notes on the Latin original, the first quoting Sabin 20414: 'Highly eulogized by Coleridge, Southey, Charles Lamb, Lowndes and Brunet. It is almost the only work relating to this almost unknown tribe of Indians, and is a memorial of nearly eighteen years of suffering and toil amongst a most savage race.' 'The Jesuit Dobrizhoffer was sent to Paraguay in 1749, where he remained until the expulsion of the Jesuits from the Spanish possessions in 1767. During his eighteen years in residence, he lived first among the Guarani and then the Abipones. The author wrote that his experience "in the four colonies of the Abipones has afforded me opportunities of closely observing their manners, customs, superstitions, military discipline, slaughters inflicted and received, political and economical regulations, together with the vicissitudes of the recent colonies."']

 JM III's Register: attribution to Southey, citing unspecified letters.


613 Article 2. Burgess, A Vindication of 1 John, v. 7. from the Objections of M. Griesbach: in which is given a new View of the External Evidence, with Greek Authorities for the Authenticity of the Verse, not hitherto adduced in its Defence. By the Bishop of St. David's, 324-41. Author: Thomas Turton, possibly.

Running Title: Bishop of St. David's Vindication of 1 John v. 7.

Notes:  In the absence of guidance from JM III's Register, Shine does not suggest an author for this article. 

Evidence in favour of Thomas Turton's authorship was first published in VPR 28. The article was submitted by John Taylor Coleridge and was written by an acquaintance of his. The article is referred to in #63WI as a continuation of article #613. The author of #63WI states that his manuscript lay unpublished for some time. Article #63WI is attributed to Thomas Turton; it was published when John Taylor Coleridge was editor of the QR. Article #63WI answers Burgess's rebuttal of #613. Taking into account Coleridge himself having been involved in the production of both articles and #63WI having been written soon after Burgess responded to #613, it is inherently unlikely that someone other than the author of #613 would have been called upon by Coleridge (as editor) to defend #613. Murray MS., WG to John Taylor Coleridge, 21 Feb. 1822: 'I heard of your young friend from Whately, who spoke of him with feeling as a man of genius and talent. ' Says he will be glad to accept his articles. 'Let him write a short article.' Says the manuscript Coleridge sent is printed: 'I want the writer to revise & compress the opening pages, so as to reduce the Art. to a sheet—it now makes 19 pages.' Article #613 is 16 pages long, one octavo sheet. Coleridge's and Whately's 'young friend' is perhaps John Keble, or it may be Thomas Arnold; both men were younger than Whately and Coleridge, both were Oxford men (as Whately and Coleridge were), and both had been approached by Coleridge to submit articles to the QR; at about this time Keble, however, expressed his complete lack of interest in reviewing and reviews (Bodleian MS., d. 134, f.124, Keble to Coleridge, June 1822). For Arnold, see Bodleian MS., d. 130 (ff. 43-44), Thomas Arnold to John Taylor Coleridge, 21 May 1821: 'I have had a very civil Answer from Gifford to my Letter requesting him to send me Cramer's Book.—He asks me to send him occasional assistance on any subject that I like.' Still, taking into account Murray MS., WG to Coleridge, 21 Feb. 1822, quoted above, the article seems not to have come from the 'young friend' but from another of Coleridge's acquaintances. Cf. Coleridge's interest in this general topic in Murray MS., Coleridge to WG, 6 Dec. 1823.


614 Article 3. A Voyage of Discovery into the South Sea and Beering's Straits, for the purpose of exploring the North-East Passage; undertaken in the years 1815—1818, at the Expense of His Highness the Chancellor of the Empire, Count Romanzoff, in the Ship Rurick, under the Command of the Lieutenant in the Russian Imperial Navy, Otto Von Kotzebue, 341-64. Author: John Barrow.

Running Title: Kotzebue—Voyage of Discovery.

Notes: In attributing the article to Barrow, Shine cites JM III's Register and Gentleman's Magazine, XXI 578. 

Some of the following evidence was first published in VPR 27; the balance is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Cash Book 1821-24: the same person was paid for articles 3, 8, and 14 in this Number. The article is specifically referred to in #619 and #667, both of which are by Barrow. In his QR articles, it was Barrow's signature practice to refer to his own works. Bering is spelled in the article's head note as above.

[Bookseller's note, silently corrected: 'Kotzebue had accompanied Krusenstern on his circumnavigation in 1803-06. On this, the first voyage under his own command, he discovered new island groups in Oceania, checked the locations of others, and gathered new information on the Pacific coast of Siberia. He sailed north through Bering Strait, explored the northwest coast of Alaska with the hope of finding the western end of a northwest passage, and in 1816 discovered and explored Kotzebue Sound. It is an excellent and descriptive record of explorations to Brazil and Chile, Kamschatka, the Bering Strait and Alaska, California, the Sandwich Islands, and Guam. The total duration of voyage was three years; it produced a wealth of scientific data. This was one of the truly great voyages of discovery.']

JM III's Register: [in pencil]  <Barrow>, but without evidence.


615 Article 4. [Galt,] Memoirs of a Life chiefly passed in Pennsylvania within the last Sixty Years, 364-74. Author: John Wilson Croker.

Running Title: Memoirs of a Life passed in Pennsylvania.

Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register and Brightfield 455. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Cash Book 1821-24: the same person was paid for articles 4, 7, and 10 in this Number. Murray MS., John Wilson Croker to JM, 13 Dec. 1821. Claimed by Croker in six of his Clements Library MS. lists and included in the Cambridge University bound volumes of Croker's articles. 

JM III's Register: attribution to Croker, but without evidence.


616 Article 5. Buckingham, Travels in Palestine, through the Countries of Bashan and Gilead, east of the River Jordan; including a Visit to the Cities of Geraza and Gamala, in the Decapolis, 374-91. Author: William John Bankes.

Running Title: Buckingham's Travels in Palestine.

Notes: In attributing the article to Bankes, Shine cites JM III's Register (but inaccurately); Gentleman's Magazine XXI, 578; and the DNB article on Bankes that asserts he either wrote or influenced the article. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., William John Bankes to JM, 24 Nov. 1821, says he has received a copy of 'that swindler' Buckingham's book. Murray MS., Bankes to JM, 16 Jan. 1822, says he returns the article revised. James Silk Buckingham (1786-1855; DNB), editor of a Calcutta newspaper, attacked abuses of the India government; in 1823 he was expelled from India by its governor. The author of this review, #616, accuses Buckingham of plagiarism. Buckingham sued Bankes and also answered him in pamphlet, Mr. Buckingham's Defence (1822), that he later appended to his Travels Among the Arab Tribes Inhabiting the Countries East of Syria and Palestine, including a Journey From Nazareth to the Mountains Beyond the Dead Sea, and from Thence Through the Plains of Hauran to Bozra, Damascus, Tripoly, Lebanon, Baalbech ... (1825).

JM III's Register: '? J W' replaced by 'W J Bankes,' and note: 'Apparently Mr. Bankes was sued by Buckingham in consequence of this article. See Bankes's letter to J M June 29, 1826 (Safe)'. Murray means the letter is in the company safe. 


617 Article 6. Arrowsmith, The Art of instructing the Infant Deaf and Dumb, 391-405. Author not identified.

Running Title: Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb.

Notes: In the absence of guidance from JM III's Register, Shine does not suggest an author for this article. 


618 Article 7. Mémoires du Duc de Lauzun, 405-9. Author: John Wilson Croker.

Running Title: Mémoires du Duc de Lauzun.

Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register and Brightfield 455. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Cash Book 1821-24: the same person was paid for articles 4, 7, and 10 in this Number. Claimed by Croker in six of his Clements Library MS. lists and included in the Cambridge University bound volumes of Croker's articles. 

JM III's Register: attribution to Croker, citing unspecified letters.


619 Article 8. Harmon, A Journal of Voyages and Travels in the Interior of North America, between the 47th and 58th degrees of North Latitude, extending from Montreal nearly to the Pacific Ocean; including an Account of the Principal Occurrences, during a Residence of Nineteen Years, in Different Parts of the Country, &c. &c., 409-16. Author: John Barrow.

Running Title: Western Caledonia.

Notes: In the absence of guidance from JM III's Register, Shine does not suggest an author for this article. 

The following evidence in favour of Barrow's authorship was first published in VPR 24. Murray MS., Cash Book 1821-24: the same person was paid for articles 3, 8, and 14 in this Number. Murray MS., John Barrow to JM, 28 Dec. 1821, asks Murray to procure a review copy of this book for him.

[Bookseller's note, silently corrected: '[E]dited for publication by Daniel Haskell (who surreptitiously inserted some religious maunderings not found in the author's manuscript). Harmon joined the North West Company in 1780 and travelled to Lake Winnipeg and the Assiniboine, where he stayed some seven years. His later travels took him to Fort William, New Caledonia, Fort Vermillion, Fort Chipewyan, [and other places in central North America. The volume] contains vocabularies of the Cree and Tacullie.']


620 Article 9. First Report of the Commissioners appointed to consider the Subject of Weights and Measures; Second Report of the same Commissioners; Third Report of the same Commissioners; Report of the Select Committee appointed to consider of the several Reports which have been laid before the House of Commons, relating to Weights and Measures; Tarbé, Manuel Pratique et Elémentaire des Poids et Mesures, des Monnaies, et du Calcul Décimal; Kelly, The Universal Cambist and Commercial Instructor; being a full and accurate Treatise on the Exchanges, Monies, Weights, and Measures of all trading Nations, and their Colonies. The Second Edition, 416-25. Author: M. Fletcher, probably.

Running Title: State of Weights and Measures.

Notes: In the absence of guidance from JM III's Register, Shine does not suggest an author for this article. 

The following evidence was first published in VPR 28. Murray MS., Cash Book 1821-24: the same person was paid for articles 9 and 15 in this Number. See evidence at #626. Note that the same topic is covered in #132WI, which is ascribed to Henry Kater.


621 Article 10. Memoirs of the celebrated Persons composing the Kit-Cat Club, with a prefatory Account of the Origin of the Association, illustrated with 48 Portraits, from the original Paintings by Sir G. Kneller, 425-37. Author: John Wilson Croker.

Running Title: Memoirs of the Kit-Cat Club.

Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register and Brightfield 455. 

The following evidence was first published in VPR 28. Murray MS., Cash Book 1821-24: the same person was paid for articles 4, 7, and 10 in this Number. Murray MS., John Wilson Croker to JM, 13 Dec. 1821. Claimed by Croker in six of his Clements Library MS. lists and included in the Cambridge University bound volumes of Croker's articles. 

JM III's Register: attribution to Croker, citing unspecified letters.


622 Article 11. Porter, Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, Ancient Babylonia, &c. &c. during the Years 1817, 18, 19, and 20. With numerous engravings and portraits, costumes, and antiquities, &c. Vol. I; Morier, A Second Journey through Persia, Armenia, and Asia Minor, to Constantinople, between the Years 1810 and 1816. With an Account of the Proceedings of His Majesty's Embassy under His Excellency Sir Gore Ouseley, Bart. K.L.S. With Maps, and Engravings from the Designs of the Author., 437-54. Author: John Barrow, possibly.

Running Title: Ker PorterTravels in Georgia, Persia, &c.

Notes: In the absence of guidance from JM III's Register, Shine does not suggest an author for this article. 

The following evidence was first published in VPR  28. The article's author refers to #237, which is by Barrow. In his QR articles, it was Barrow's signature practice to refer to his own works. Article #623 bears many marks of Barrow's work. However, as Murray MS., Cash Book 1821-24 states that the same person (Barrow) was paid for articles 3, 8, and 14 in this Number, it appears that Barrow did not write this article. It is possible that Barrow sub-edited the article or, less likely, that Murray's accounts in this instance are misleading.


623 Article 12. [Scott,] The Pirate, 455-74. Author: Nassau William Senior.

Running Title: The Pirate.

Notes: In attributing the article to Senior, Shine cites Lockhart VI 179-80; Senior 76; Hillhouse 50; and Gentleman's Magazine XXI 578.

The subject of this article was reviewed in New Monthly Magazine #218, Feb. 1822, by T. N. Talfourd. For a brief overview of Scott's works and their critical reception see Edinburgh University Library's excellent Walter Scott Digital Archive


624 Article 13. Dugald Stewart, A Second Dissertation prefixed to the Supplemental Volumes of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, exhibiting a General View of the Progress of Metaphysical, Moral and Political Philosophy in Europe, from the Revival of Letters, 474-514. Author: William Rowe Lyall, possibly.

Running Title: Stewart's Second Dissertation.

Notes: In the absence of guidance from JM III's Register, Shine does not suggest an author for this article. Shine sets aside spurious claims in Gentleman's Magazine XXI 578. 

The following evidence and information was first published in VPR  28. The article's author defends #322, which is by Lyall. Murray MS., Cash Book 1820-24, p. 130: 'Art 13 add 42.' In other words, £42 was paid for this article in addition to the £63 indicated as having already been paid.


625 Article 14. Malte-Brun, Novelles Annales des Voyages, de la Géographie et de l' Histoire; Lapie, Mémoire sur les Voyages exécutés dans l' Océan Glacial Arctique, au Nord de l' Amérique Septentrionale, 514-22. Author: John Barrow.

Running Title: Malt-Brun's Spurious Voyages.

Notes: In attributing the article to Barrow, Shine cites JM III's Register. 

The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Cash Book 1821-24: the same person was paid for articles 3, 8, and 14 in this Number. 

JM III's Register: attribution to Barrow, and note: 'See letter from J B Nov 26/21'.


626 Article 15. Second and Third Report from the Select Committee of the House of Commons appointed to consider of the Means of Improving, and Maintaining the Foreign Trade of the Country; Report (relative to the East Indies and China) from the Select Committee of the House of Lords, appointed to inquire into the Means of extending and securing the Foreign Trade of the Country; Report of a Committee of the Honourable House of Assembly of Jamaica, presented to the House, 10th December, 1817, relative to the Present State of the Island, with respect to its Population, Agriculture, and Commerce, 522-40. Author: M. Fletcher, probably.

Running Title: Colonial Policy.

Notes: In the absence of guidance from JM III's Register, Shine does not suggest an author for this article. 

The following evidence was first published in VPR 28. M. Fletcher, author of Reflexions on the Causes Which Influence the Price of Corn (London, 1827). Murray MS., Cash Book 1821-24: the same person was paid for articles 9 and 15 in this Number. See evidence at #566 and #620. See also #669. On the first page, the article's author refers to #566, which is probably by Fletcher.

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