This resource provides a detailed chronology of Mary Shelley's life and work, as well as several contemporary reviews of her novels and of a play inspired by Frankenstein.
VOLUME 29 , NUMBER 57 (April 1823)
- This Number was published 27 or 28
Sept. 1823 [Courier advertisement, 26 Sept.
1823; Anne Cleaver, an original subscriber, dated her copy
'Sept 28th 1823' (Present writer's collection); Murray MS.,
Ledger B, p. 34, copies printed, dated 27 Sept. 1823; Murray
MS., Bills: 29 Sept. 1823; the date on the QR's
original front wrapper and spine reads 'September, 1823';
John Murray's list, inserted at the front of the volume as
originally distributed, is dated 'October, 1823.' An
advertisement for Valpy's Delphin Classics appears at the
back of the volume as originally distributed and is
dated 'London: October, 1823']
- 'The Quarterly Review Number LVII
will be published in the course of the present month.'
[Courier advertisement, 16 Sept. 1823]
- Murray printed 12,500 copies of
this Number [Murray MS., Ledger B, p. 34, dated 27
- This Number was co-edited by John
Wilson Croker and William Gifford [Smiles II
- Wales MS., 21743C (17/2), WG to
Edward Copleston [?July 1823]: 'I have talked to
^Canning to Heber,
to Ireland & to several of my friends. They seem sensible
that the charge is too much for me, and we have all been
looking round for a substitute. Haygarth has been mentioned
to Heber, & Murray had a good deal of conversation with
him—but I have serious doubts and at all events, it is
only the mere drudgery that he could get through. Senior is
more fit—but somehow or other there is a coldness
between him & Murray; and no good can come of
this.—Something, however, must be thought of soon; for
I can no longer command my time, & we shall not have
three Nos. a year.'
- Rejected articles Murray MS., Cash
Day Book, 1821-24, p.269: 'Quarterly Review 57 ...
Rejected Edu. on Eccl. Rev. / 51 Pages Cervantes. / Reliq
Diluv.' The latter is possibly by Barrow. An article on
ecclesiastical revenues appeared in Number 58 (#693)
- Important or otherwise interesting
articles in this Number include: #675, #676, #680 (Copleston
on fossils), #683 (Blanco White on Spain)
- Number of definite attributions for
this issue: 8
- Number of probable or possible attributions for this issue: 1
675 Article 1. Account of an Expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains, performed in the Years 1819, 1820; by Order of the Hon. J. C. Calhoun, Secretary of War, under the Command of Major S. H. Long, of the U. S. Top. Engineers. Compiled from Notes of Major Long, Mr. T. Say, and other Gentlemen of the Party, by Edwin James, Botanist and Geologist to the Expedition; Schoolcraft, Narrative Journal of Travels from Detroit Northwest, through the Great Chain of American Lakes to the Sources of the Mississippi River, in the Year 1820; Nuttall, Journal of Travels into the Arkansa Territory, during the Year 1819, with occasional Observations on the Manners of the Aborigines, 1-25. Author: John Barrow, with William Gifford.
Running Title: The Valley of the Mississippi.
Notes: In attributing the article to Barrow, Shine cites JM III's Register and Gentleman's Magazine XXI 579. Shine also quotes from the following letters. Murray MS., WG to JM, Ramsgate [July 1823]: '... I thought Barrow was in forwardness. His Ionia Art [#678] would be good to begin with, or if that is not ready perhaps his America, which I suppose is finished.' Murray MS., WG to JM, [Sept. 1823]: 'Let Mr Barrow have a revise of his Art. He has quite forgotten all that we have said of America, and is quite full of admiration of the country. I have mentioned it to him, & altered his language—but I must see the Art. again.' Murray MS., WG to JM, [Sept. 1823]: 'I return Mr Barrows revise[.] [H]ad I not been very ill the last four days, it should have been sent before; but it was not in my power to finish it till late last night ....'
The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Cash Book 1821-24, p.265: the same person was paid for articles 1 and 4 in this Number. Numerous Murray MS., John Barrow to JM letters in this period refer to the preparation of an article on America. There is an allusion on page 13 of the article to page 377 of article #667, an article by Barrow on Franklin's expedition to the polar sea. It was Barrow's signature practice in his QR articles to refer to his own works.
[Bookseller's note on Schoolcraft: 'This expedition by General Cass was one of the many that he made as governor of Michigan for the purpose of visiting and negotiating with various Indian tribes of the Old Northwest. In this case, he also proposed to determine the source of the Mississippi River. Schoolcraft's narrative is interwoven with a large number of incidents of Indian history, personal experiences among the tribes he visited, and sketches of their principal characteristics.'][Bookseller's note on Nutall: 'Nuttall had previously traveled up the Missouri with John Bradbury In 1819, in company with a Major Bradford, he journeyed from Fort Smith to the prairie country and the Red River, spending some time near the mouth of the Verdigris River. Nuttall described in detail the Chickasaw, Cherokee, and Osage Indians.']
JM III's Register: attribution to Barrow, but without evidence.
676 Article 2. Bis, Attila, Tragédie en cinq actes; Arnault, Regulus, Tragédie en cinq actes; Giroux, Maccabees, Tragédie en cinq actes; Soumet, Saul, Tragédie en cinq actes; Clytemnestre, Tragédie en cinq actes, 25-53. Author: Richard Chenevix.
Running Title: French Tragedy.
Notes: In attributing the article to Chenevix, Shine cites JM III's Register. Shine also quotes from the following letters. Murray MS., WG to JM, [July 1823]: 'Have you sent proofs of Crim Tatary to Mr. W. [#679] Or the Dramatic papers to Chenevix?—By the way I hear great praise of his last paper [i.e., #662], & tis certainly beautiful.' Murray MS., WG to JM, [Sept. 1823]: 'Chenevix I thought of putting into one Art. but the first part, at all events, may be set up.' Shine says to see entry #689 'for the second part of the material.' [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: The 'second part of the material' is Chenevix's essay on French Comedy, #689.]
The following information is published here for the first time. On p.53 the author promises further articles on the French drama. Note the author's use of the form 'Lewis XIV.', which is characteristic of Chenevix.
JM III's Register: attribution to Chenevix, but without evidence.
Running Title: Southey's History of the Peninsular War.
Notes: In co-attributing the article to Procter and Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register; Water III 405; and Smiles II 57-58. Shine points out that JM III's Register claims the article only for Procter.
The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. Murray MS., George Procter to JM, 25 Nov. 1822: 'I will with the greatest of pleasure see what I can do in the way of making an Article on the Spanish War ....' The Shine volume is mistaken in co-attributing the article to Croker for to do so would lead to the re-attribution of dozens of articles to Gifford who, like Croker in this instance, liberally applied his editorial pen to bring the article up to standard. In the holograph lists of his articles preserved at the Clements Library, Ann Arbor, Croker indicates with a 'P' articles he claims part responsibility for, but Croker claims article #677 in none of his holograph lists, nor is the article included in the bound volumes of Croker's articles preserved at the Cambridge University Library. Smiles II 57-58 is a transcription of John Wilson Croker to John Murray, Brighton, 29th March 1823, in which Croker discusses at length his reasons for 'plastering up' Procter's review. Croker lamented 'This cursed system of writing dissertations' and pledged, should he continue to edit the journal, to put an end to it. He proposed that Murray pay as much for one sheet as for two or three and that longer articles should be 'permitted only for matters of great and immediate interest and importance.' There is a specific reference in a note on page 84 of #677 to article #46, by George Canning and George Ellis. John Murray published the volume under review.
JM III's Register: 'Captn G. Procter,' but without evidence.
678 Article 4. Goodisson, A Historical and Topographical Essay upon the Islands of Corfu, Leucadia, Cephalonia, Ithaca and Zante; with Remarks upon the Character, Manners and Customs of the Ionian Greeks; Descriptions of the Scenery and Remains of Antiquity discovered therein; and Reflections upon the Cyclopean Ruins, 86-116. Author: John Barrow, with George Canning.
Running Title: The Ionian Islands.
Notes: In attributing the article to Barrow, Shine cites JM III's Register and notes that the Register states 'corrected by Mr Canning.' Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [July 1823]: '... I thought Barrow was in forwardness. His Iona Art. would be good to begin with.'
The following evidence was first published in VPR 27. Murray MS., Cash Book 1821-24: the same person was paid for articles 1 and 4 in this Number. Murray MS., John Barrow to JM, 18 Aug. 1823, states unequivocally that he is the author and that Canning edited the article. The author of #704 (Barrow) states in a note on page 229 that he is the author of #678 and that he has received via the publisher of the QR correspondence from a person mentioned in #678. In a note on page 89 of #678 the author makes a specific reference to #538, an article by Barrow on the Ionian islands. It was Barrow's signature practice in his QR articles to refer to his own works.
JM III's Register: attribution to Barrow, citing unspecified letters, and three other notes: • 'from the Notes (signed) of Sir F Hervey' • [in pencil]'?' [in ink] 'corrected by Mr Canning' • 'See J Barrows letter Aug 18/23'.
679 Article 5. Holderness, Notes relating to the Manners and Customs of the Crim Tatars; written during a Four Years' Residence among that People. Second Edition, 116-38. Author: Henry Downing Whittington, probably.
Running Title: Holderness—Manners of the Crim Tatars.
Notes: In attributing the article to Whittington, Shine cites JM III's Register. Shine also quotes from Murray MS., WG to JM, [July 1823]: 'Have you sent proofs of Crim Tatary to Mr. W. Or the Dramatic papers to Chenevix? [#676].'
The following evidence was first published in VPR 28. The author of #601 (Whittington) briefly discusses the Tatars (pp.42-43). In the absence of more specific guidance from JM III's Register, Shine identifies Whittington only by his last name. His forenames are established from the evidence of a letter quoted at #601: Murray MS., H. D. Whittington to JM, Brighton [1 Oct. 1821 postmark]: 'As you were kind enough to say that you would send me the sheet of the Quarterly containing my article on Russian Architecture ....' The attribution to Whittington is not definite as no corroborative evidence has emerged to identify 'Mr. W.' with certainty.
[Bookseller's note: 'The Author lived in the village of Karagoss in the Crimea for four years, from 1816 to 1820, and these tales were taken from her letters home. Aspects of village life are reported, from marriage customs and hunting practices to styles of building.']
JM III's Register: [in pencil] '?' [in ink] 'Whittington'.
680 Article 6. Buckland, Reliquiœ Diluvianœ, or Observations on the Organic Remains contained in Caves, Fissures, and Diluvial Gravel, and on other Geological Phenomena, attesting the Action of an Universal Deluge, 138-65. Author: Edward Copleston, with William Buckland.
Running Title: Buckland—Reliquiœ Diluvianœ.
Notes: In attributing the article to Copleston, Shine cites JM III's Register and Copleston 34. Shine also quotes from the following letters. Murray MS., WG to JM, [July 1823]: 'Mr Buckland, I know complains that he has been treated solely as a geological writer—but he aspires to something higher, and it was this which made me wish for a more philosophical view of the subject: and this the Provost could well have given.' Murray MS., WG to JM, [July 1823]: 'The Provost of Oriel has written to me this morning to say that he has an Article on Buckland, taking a philosophical view of the subject. This is just what is wanted, as our friend Barrow has already given us the technical part of it: which is but a narrow contemplation of a great question sufficiently important in many respects.' [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: Cf. #646, on Buckland, by Barrow. Shine misses the significance of this letter in establishing the author of #646.] Murray MS, WG to JM, [Sept. 1823]: 'The Provost, from whom I heard today, promises to be ready in three or four weeks, but wishes for a later place. He will take pains.'
The following evidence is published here for the first time. Wales MS. 21743C (17/2), WG to Edward Copleston, Thursday, [?July 1823; notation at top of letter in Copleston's hand: 'Wrote to Buckland—from Exeter—July 14.1823']: 'I recall ... [y]ou said nothing, I think, of taking up Buckland; but I never heard a syllable before of Barrow's new attempt. Can Murray be acquainted with it? I have written to him to inform him of your kind inclination. You will probably see him on your return, when he will naturally speak to you of my letter. I made not the least allusion to Barrow.' Murray MS., Cash Book 1821-24, p.264: 'Quarterly Review 57 23 Sept 1823 ... 1 Dr Copleston / 1 Revd T R Malthus [#682] / 1 Prof Buckland / 1 Revd Blanco White [#683] .... Rejected ... Reliq Diluv.' The rejected article might be by Barrow. William Buckland, it seems, was himself working on an article, perhaps back in 1821-22. Murray MS., WG to JM, Ramsgate, 17 July [n.y., but the letter is among the 1825 letters]: 'I see Buckland inst[alled] <canonry> of C[orpus]. C[hristi]. He owes something to the Quarterly. But see how Copleston gets on! Whately, Senior, & Buckland all in the course of a year!' In 1825 Senior was made professor of political economy at Oxford, Whately was made principal of St Alban's Hall. BL MS. 59416 Grenville Papers (f.93), Edward Copleston to Lord Grenville, Sidmouth, 10 Dec. 1823: 'Knowing as I do the interest your Lordship takes in Buckland's Geological pursuits, I am inclined to hope that you will not think my vacation wholly misemployed in reviewing his late work on the Deluge. I have just sent off the article, which is to appear in the next number of the Quarterly Review. It appeared to me a good opportunity of making known the importance of his labours in a theological point of view, and of impressing upon the public mind a just sense of his services, which I think, are not sufficiently estimated even at Oxford.' John Murray published the volume under review.
JM III's Register: attribution and note: 'Provost of Oriel. An article was written by Mr Barrow & withdrawn in favour of this one—See Dr Buckland's letter Feb 3/1823'.
681 Article 7. Bishop Burnet's History of his Own Time: with the suppressed Passages of the First Volume, and Notes by the Earls of Dartmouth and Hardwicke and Speaker Onslow, hitherto unpublished. To which are added the Cursory Remarks of Swift, and other Observations, 165-214. Author: Robert Southey.
Running Title: Burnet—History of his Own Times.
Notes: In attributing the article to Southey, Shine cites JM III's Register; Cottle 242-43; and Southey 416, 577. Shine says to see also Warter III 398, 402, 405; Southey 416; and QR CCX, 760. Shine quotes from the following two letters. Murray MS., WG to JM, [July 1823]: 'Has Southey sent anything? His last is prolix ....' BL MS., 28603 [no folio number given], Robert Southey to William Peachey, 4 Oct. 1823: 'You will see in the last Quarterly a paper of mine upon the new edition of Burnet ....'
The following evidence is published here for the first time. The article appears in Southey's definitive MS. list of his QR articles.
JM III's Register: attribution to Southey, but without evidence.
Running Title: Tooke—on High and Low Prices.
Notes: In attributing the article to Malthus, Shine cites JM III's Register; Bonar 285, 290, 292 n.1; and DNB.
The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Cash Book 1821-24, p.264: 'Quarterly Review 57 23 Sept 1823 ... 1 Dr Copleston / 1 Revd T R Malthus / ....' Reprinted in T. R. Malthus, Five Papers on Political Economy, ed. Cyril Renwick, pp. 41-67 ('Reprints of Economics and Economic History,' No. 3) Issued by the Faculty of Economics of the University of Sydney, Sydney 1953.
The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #1056, Mar. 1824, by J. R. McCulloch.
JM III's Register: attributed to Malthus, but without evidence.
683 Article 9. Quin, A Visit to Spain; detailing the Transactions which occurred during a Residence in that Country in the latter Part of 1822, and the first Four Months of 1823: with an Account of the Removal of the Court from Madrid to Seville; and general Notices of the Manners, Customs, Costume and Music of the Country, 240-76. Author: Joseph Blanco White.
Running Title: Spain.
Notes: In attributing the article to White, Shine cites JM III's Register; Thom III 468; Warter III 405; Southey 416; and Knight II 214. Shine says to see also Smiles II 57-58, 58n. Shine quotes from BL MS., 28603 [no folio number given], Robert Southey to William Peachey, 4 Oct. 1823: 'You will see in the last Quarterly ... a most excellent [paper] ... upon Spain by my friend Blanco White ....' In suggesting Robert Southey as an alternative attribution, Shine cites Gentleman's Magazine XXI 579 and says to see also Smiles II 110.
The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Cash Book 1821-24, p.264: 'Quarterly Review 57 23 Sept 1823 ... 1 Dr Copleston / 1 Revd T R Malthus / 1 Prof Buckland / 1 Revd Blanco White .... '
The subject of this article was reviewed in ER #1025, Mar. 1824, by Henry Brougham and in Eclectic Review, Jan. 1824, possibly by Josiah Conder.
JM III's Register: attribution to White, but without evidence.