Current Bibliography, 1997

Compiled by

Jonathan Gross

DePaul University

This bibliography covers articles, reviews, and book-length studies of Byron, Hazlitt, Hunt, Percy Bysshe Shelley, and Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, John Keats, and their circles from January 1997 through December 1997. A few exceptions have been made for works published before or after these dates, when the subject of these books is alluded to repeatedly in reviews. Anonymous reviews are listed under "Rev." Special thanks to Jennie Burroughs for providing a template for this bibliography; to Michelle Nichols for proofing and indexing the work; and to Jonathan Etes and Barb Natividad for research assistance. The preparation of this bibliography has been supported by a University Research Council Grant from DePaul University.

Through 1999 this bibliography was compiled by Jonathan David Gross. Beginning in 2000, inquiries, corrections, and suggested entries should be sent to the new Bibliographer, Kyle Grimes, Universitiy of Alabama, Birmingham,

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General Works on Romanticism
Lord Byron | John Keats | William Hazlitt and Leigh Hunt
Percy and Mary Shelley

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Anthologies, Books, Articles, and CD-Roms Relating to English and European Romanticism

Alexander, Bryan Nemo. "Dialectical Nightmares: The Historicity of the Romantic-era Doppelganger in the Works of Godwin, Hogg, Blake, Burney, and the Shelleys (William Godwin, James Hogg, Scotland, William Blake, Fanny Burney, Mary Shelley, Percy Bysshe Shelley)." [Doctoral dissertation, U of Michigan, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-10A (1997): 3927.

This dissertation explores the Marxist model of dialectical subjectivity, as developed by Benjamin and Adorno, to illuminate the coalescing of working-class identity from 1790 to 1830. Alexander draws on Negri's notion of working-class antagonism to illuminate the double as the uncanny, threatening, and chiasmatic duplication of one character through another in Godwin's Caleb Williams and Hogg's Confessions. The feminist doppelganger is potentially destructive but confirms the status quo in Shelley's Frankenstein and Burney's Wanderer. Blake's Jerusalem and Shelley's Prometheus Unbound offer a "eucatastrophic" double, where "characters deliberately will doubling as a weapon against repression and for utopia."

Alliston, April. Virtue's Faults: Correspondences in Eighteenth-Century British and French Women's Fiction. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1996.

Discusses Madame de Lafayette's Princesse de Cleves, de Staël's Corinne, Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey, and several French novels.

Arbuckle, Elisabeth Sanders, ed. Romantics/Victorians: Studies in Nineteenth-Century British Poetry, Novel, and Art in Honor of Thomas Richard Sullivan. Rio Piedras, PR: Editorial Edil: Decanato de Estudios Graduados e Investigacion, Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1997.

Ashfield, Andrew, ed. Romantic Women Poets, 1770-1838. Rev. ed. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1997.

Ayres, Philip. Classical Culture and the Idea of Rome in Eighteenth Century England. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997.

Baker, David. "Romantic Melancholy, Romantic Excess." Poetry 170 (1997): 288-301.

Examines similarities and differences between rhetoric in Romantic poetry and contemporary poetry.

Baker, John, Jr. "Grammar and Rhetoric in Wordsworth's 'A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal': Heidegger, de Man, Deconstruction." SIR 35 (1997): 103-23.

Banks, Brenda. "Rhetorical Missiles and Double-Talk: Napoleon, Wordsworth, and the Invasion Scare of 1804." In Romanticism, Radicalism, and the Press, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt (Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1997): 103-19.

Barry, Kevin. "Paper Money and English Romanticism." TLS (Feb. 21, 1997): 14-16.

Barry, Peter. "Romanticism, Regendering, and the Dearth of Poetry." The Cambridge Quarterly 26.3 (1997): 205-18.

Barry argues for the meaning of Romanticism as a category; questions the merits of "regendering" the field of Romanticism; and argues that a number of new critical theories illustrate the declining attention to poetry at the college level.

Bassnett, Susan. Studying British Culture: An Introduction. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Behrendt, Stephen C. "British Women Poets and the Reverberations of Radicalism in the 1790s." In Romanticism, Radicalism, and the Press, ed. by Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1997): 83-102.

Behrendt, Stephen C. "Teaching with Annotated Editions." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 148-52.

Behrendt, Stephen C., ed. Romanticism, Radicalism, and the Press. Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1997.

Behrendt, Stephen C, ed. Royal Mourning and Regency Culture: Elegies and Memorials of Princess Charlotte. Basingstoke and New York: Macmillan's/St. Martin's, 1997.

Behrendt, Stephen C., and Harriet Kramer Linkin, eds. Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period. Vol. 60, Approaches to Teaching World Literature Series. New York: MLA, 1997.

Berry, Amanda. "Romanticism and Its Intimate Public: Sexuality and the Public Sphere in British Romantic Writing." [Doctoral dissertation, Duke U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-09A (1997): 3534.

"Romantic writings display consistent efforts to imagine...a burgeoning public sphere, evidenced by attention to the growth and change of reading audiences; considerations of the status of various types of 'intimate' knowledge for public consumption; and a deep curiosity about the resonance of formerly 'aesthetic' strategies of human apprehension for the quotidian experience of an expanding and heterogeneous public culture in England." Examines texts by Edmund Burke, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Percy Shelley, Lord Byron, and Mary Prince.

Bidney, Martin. Patterns of Epiphany: From Wordsworth to Tolstoy, Pater, and Barrett Browning. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1997.

Binfield, Kevin. "Justification Strategies in the Writings of Joanna Southcott: Teaching Radical Women Poets in Conservative Institutions." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 165-69.

Bloom, Harold. The Anxiety of Influence: A Theory of Poetry. New York: Oxford UP, 1973. Rept., 1997.

Branch, Jeffrey. "Keats, Coleridge, and the Reflective Imagination." KSR 11 (1997): 183-86.

Brett, R. L. Faith and Doubt: Religion and Secularization in Literature from Wordsworth to Larkin. Macon, Georgia: Mercer UP, 1997.

Brigham, Linda. "Legacies of Omission and Unacknowledged Bequests: Recent Romantic Criticism." Rev. of Ecological Literary Criticism: Romantic Imagining and the Biology of Mind, by Karl Kroeber, and Re-Visioning Romanticism: British Women Writers, 1776-1837, ed. Carol Shiner Wilson and Joel Haefner. College Literature 24 (1997): 195-201.

Brinks, Ellen. "Dispossessing Figures: Masculinity in Gothic Romanticism (Samuel Taylor Coleridge, George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, John Keats, Lord Byron, Sigmund Freud)." [Doctoral dissertation, Princeton U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-01A (1997): 155.

Traces "disruptive effects of erotic desire in literary, philosophical, and scientific narratives by Coleridge, Hegel, Keats, Byron, and Freud." Includes chapters on Coleridge's "Christabel," Byron's Oriental tales, Keats' Hyperion and The Fall of Hyperion, Hegel's Phenomenology of Mind, and Freud's epistolary rendering of his relationship with Fliess. Revises notions of Romantic subjectivity.

British Poetry 1780-1910: A Hypertext Archive of Scholarly Editions. Alderman Library, U of Virginia. <>.

Includes "The Coleridge Archives"; "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner," 1852; Mary Robinson, Sappho and Phaon, 1796; John Keats, The Poetical Works, 1884; Percy Bysshe Shelley, Complete Poetical Works, 1901; and numerous electronic editions of works by Dickinson, Whitman, Wordsworth, and others.

British Women Romantic Poets, 1789-1832, ed. Nancy Kushigian. An Electronic Collection of Texts, from the Shields Library, U of California, Davis. <>.

An online scholarly archive consisting of E-text editions of poetry by British women written between 1789 (the onset of the French Revolution) and 1832 (the passage of the Reform Act). Includes works by Lucy Aikin (1781-1864), Anne Bannerman (d. 1829), Anna Letitia Aikin Barbauld (1743-1825), Mary Matilda Betham (1776-1852), Susan Evance (fl. 1808-1818), Eleanor Anne Porden Franklin (1795-1825), Mary Anne Browne Gray (1812-1844), Lady Anne Hamilton (1766-1846), Felicia Dorothea Browne Hemans (1793-1835), Anne Home Hunter (1742-1821), Isabella Lickbarrow (c. 1814), Janet Little (1759-1813), Lady Morgan (1783-1859), Janetta Philipps (c. 1811), Mary Hopkins Pilkington (1766-1839), Charlotte Turner Smith (1749-1806), and Laura Sophia Temple (c. 1805).

Brown, Marshall, ed. Turning Points: Essays in the History of Cultural Expressions. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1997.

Collection of previously published material, including "Why Style Matters: The Lessons of Taine's History of English Literature"; "The Classic Is the Baroque: On the Principle of Wolfflihn's Art History"; "What's in a Text?"; "Deconstruction and Enlightenment"; "Toward an Archaeology of English Romanticism: Coleridge and Sarbiewski"; and "Romanticism and Enlightenment."

Brown, Stewart J., ed. William Robertson and the Expansion of Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997.

Bruder, Helen P. William Blake and the Daughters of Albion. New York: St. Martin's P, 1997.

Brunstrom, Conrad. "James Beattie and the Great Outdoors: Common Sense Philosophy and the Pious Imagination." Romanticism 3.1 (1997): 20-34.

Burroughs, Catherine B. Closet Stages: Joanna Baillie and the Theater Theory of British Romantic Women Writers. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1997.

Burroughs, Catherine B. "Joanna Baillie's Poetic Aesthetic: Passion and 'the Plain Order of Things.'" In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 135-40.

Cafarelli, Annette Wheeler. "The Common Reader: Social Class in Romantic Poetics." JEGP 96 (1997): 222-46.

Campbell, Ann. "Satire in The Monk: Exposure and Reformation." RoN 8 (Nov. 1997): <>.

Caneva, Kenneth L. "Physics and 'Naturphilosophie': A Reconnaissance." History of Science 35 (1997): 35-106.

Cao, Zuoya. The Internal and the External: A Comparison of the Artistic Use of Natural Imagery in English Romantic and Chinese Classic Poetry. New York: Peter Lang, 1997.

Cardinal, R. "Romantic Travel." In Rewriting the Self: Histories from the Renaissance to the Present, ed. R. Porter (New York: Routledge, 1997).

Paper presented at the 1995 Institute of Contemporary Arts Seminar.

Claesson, Dick. "A Brief Note on Beckford's 'Queen of Delusions.'" N&Q 44 (1997): 214-15.

Clark, Timothy. The Theory of Inspiration: Composition as a Crisis of Subjectivity in Romantic and Post-Romantic Writing. New York: St. Martin's P, 1997.

Colerick, George. Romanticism & Melody. Jersey City: Parkwest Publications, 1997.

Conger, Syndy M. "Confessors and Penitents in M. G. Lewis's The Monk." RoN 8 (1997): <>.

Cook, Kay K. "The Aesthetics of Loss: Charlotte Smith's The Emigrants and Beachy Head." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 97-101.

Cooke, P. "Ernest Herbert (1817-1908) and the Romantic Aftermath: From 'Romantic Realism' to Symbolism." Apollo 146.427 (1997): 32-36.

Copeland, Edward, and Juliet McMaster, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Jane Austen. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997.

Cox-Rearick, Janet. "Imagining the Renaissance: The Nineteenth-Century Cult of Francois I as Patron of Art." Renaissance Quarterly 50 (1997): 207-50.

Coyne, Richard. "Creativity as Commonplace." Design Studies 18 (1997): 135-41.

Discusses the influence of the Enlightenment and Romanticism on the idea of creativity.

Cramer, Charles A. "Alexander Cozens's New Method: The Blot and General Nature." Art Bulletin 79 (1997): 112-29.

"While most scholarship has discussed the 'suggestive' and 'abstract' qualities of the blot in the context of Romanticism and even Modernism, the author here locates a widespread debate on painterly 'techniques of generalization' in academic and picturesque theory, a debate specifically directed toward contemporaneous epistemological concerns."

Crosby, Dan Kenneth. "'Something of a Dramatic Form': Wordsworth's Polyphonic 'Excursion' (William Wordsworth)." [Doctoral dissertation, Queen's U at Kingston (Canada), 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-06A (1997): 2221.

Examines Keats' reading of "The Excursion" and argues that Keats took the work to be dramatic, "but Hazlitt and Coleridge eschewed the dramatic elements in favour of an egotistical reading." Hazlitt and Coleridge's interpretation of the poem has influenced judgment of the poem to the present day. Making use of Bakhtin's dialogic theory, this dissertation studies polyphony in Wordsworth's "Excursion" and argues that the "Excursion" is "polyphonic and irresolute, rather than egotistic and authoritarian," and argues also for its influence on Keats' and Shelley's verse.

Cruz-Coke, R. "Posthumous Nomination for Medicine Nobel Prizes I: The Romantic Era (1800-1848)." Revista Medica de Chile 125.4 (1997): 492.

Curran, Stuart. Acrostics of Self-Inscription by Women Poets of the RomanticAge. <>.

Poems by Elizabeth Caselli, Poems on Religious and Moral Subjects (1818); Mrs. Frances O'Neill, Poetical Essays; Being a Collection of Satirical Poems, Songs and Acrostics (n.d. [c.1800]); and [Susanah Harrison], Songs in the Night; by a Young Woman under Heavy Afflictions (4th ed. 1788).

Curran, Stuart. "Something Evermore about to Be: Teaching and Textbases." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 23-25.

Curreli, Mario. Una Certa Signora Mason: Romantici Inglesi a Pisa ai Tempi di Leopardi. Pisa: Edizioni ETS, 1997.

Davidhazi, Peter. The Romantic Cult of Shakespeare. Basingstoke and New York: Macmillan/St. Martin's P, 1997.

Davies, Damian Walford. "'In the Path of Blake': Dylan Thomas's 'Altarwise by Owl-Light' Sonnet 1." Romanticism 3.1 (1997): 91-104.

Dean, Paul. "Current Literature 1995: Literary Theory, History, and Criticism." ES 78 (1997): 32-59.

Demaria, Robert, Jr. Samuel Johnson and the Life of Reading. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1997.

Dennis, Ian. Nationalism and Desire in Early Historical Fiction. Basingstoke and New York: Macmillan/St. Martin's P, 1997.

Discusses the work of James Fenimore Cooper, Lady Morgan, Sir Walter Scott, and Jane Porter.

Dibert-Himes, Glenn T. "Sight, Sound, and Sense: L.E.L.'s Multimedia Productions." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 170-74.

Duque, Felix. La Estrella Errante: Estudios Sobre la Apoteosis Romantica de la Historia. Torrejon de Ardoz [Madrid]: Akal, 1997.

Dyer, Gary. British Satire and the Politics of Style, 1789-1832. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997.

"Explores the verse and prose satires written by British authors between the French Revolution and the Great Reform Bill...By contextualizing both well-known and obscure works, this book reveals unexpected stylistic and ideological crosscurrents in this literature and charts the connections among satirical writing, political ideology, practical politics, and the realities of the literary marketplace" (i). The five chapters that comprise this study are "The Scope of Satire, 1789-1832," "The Modes of Satire and the Politics of Style," "The Meaning of Radical Verse Satire," "Peacock, Disraeli, and the Satirical Prose Narrative," and "Satire Displaced, Satire Domesticated." Includes "A Select Bibliography of British Satirical Verse, 1789-1832."

Easterlin, Nancy, and David P. Haney. "Wordsworth and the Question of 'Romantic Religion.'" Criticism 39 (1997): 451-53.

Ellison, Julie. "Transatlantic Cultures of Sensibility: Teaching Gender and Aesthetics through the Prospect." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 85-89.

Eubanks, Kevin. "Minerva's Veil: Hemans, Critics, and the Construction of Gender." ERR 8 (1997): 341-59.

Fairer, David. "Organizing Verse: Burke's Reflections and Eighteenth-Century Poetry." Romanticism 3.1 (1997): 1-19.

Favret, Mary A. "Romantic Women's Poetry as Social Movement." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 69-74.

Fay, Elizabeth A. "Anna Seward, the Swan of Lichfield: Reading Louisa." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 129-34.

Fay, Elizabeth A., and Alan Richardson. "British Romanticism: Global Crossings." ERR 8.2 (1997): i-x.

Feldman, Paula R. "The Poet and the Profits: Felicia Hemans and the Literary Marketplace." KSJ 46 (1997): 148-76.

Feldman, Paula R. "How Their Audiences Knew Them: Forgotten Media and the Circulation of Poetry by Women." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 32-39.

Feldman, Paula R, ed. British Women Poets of the Romantic Era: An Anthology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1997.

Includes poetry by Mary Shelley.

Ferguson, Robert. The American Enlightenment, 1750-1820. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1997.

Ford, Jennifer. Coleridge on Dreaming: Romanticism, Dreams, and the Medical Imagination. New York: Cambridge UP, 1997.

Frank, Fred. 'Matthew Lewis's The Monk'--A Special Issue of Romanticism on the Net. RoN 8 (Nov. 1997): <>.

Freeman, Kathryn. Blake's Nostos: Fragmentation and Non-dualism in "The Four Zoas." New York: SUNY, 1997.

Frey, Heather. "Defining the Self, Defiling the Countryside: Travel Writing and Romantic Ecology." WC 28.3 (1997): 162-66.

Furr, Derrek Lance. "Sympathetic Readings: Evaluating English Sentimental Poetry, 1820-1840." [Doctoral dissertation, U of Virginia, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-03A (1997): 882.

In a close reading of "Casabianca" informed by reception history and biographical research, Furr interrogates the tendency to read Hemans against "Romanticism" and Byron. She examines Keats' and Landon's definition of the "beautiful" and asks why "Keats' poetry still appeals to us aesthetically, while Landon's does not." The final two chapters of this study explore "sentimentalism" as reflected in the literary giftbooks of the 1820s and 1830s and in the work of Elizabeth Barrett Browning.

Garrard, Greg. "An Absence of Azaleas: Imperialism, Exoticism, and Nativity in Romantic Biogeographical Ideology." WC 28.3 (1997): 148-55.

Ghosh, P. R. "Macaulay and the Heritage of the Enlightenment." English Historical Review 112 (1997): 358-95.

Gill, Stephen. "Resisting the Romantic Wordsworth." WC 28.2 (1997): 84-87.

Gilmartin, Kevin. Print Politics: The Press & Radical Opposition in Early Nineteenth-Century England. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997.

Gilmartin, Kevin. "William Cobbett and the Politics of System." In Romanticism and Conspiracy, ed. Orrin N. C. Wang. A Romantic Circles electronic edition (Aug. 1997): <>.

Glen, Heather, ed. Jane Eyre. New York: St. Martin's P, 1997.

Glencross, Michael. "Greece Restored: Greece and the Greek War of Independence in French Romantic Historiography 1821-1830." Journal of European Studies 27 (1997): 33-48.

Glendening, John. The High Road: Romantic Tourism, Scotland, and Literature, 1720-1820. New York: St. Martin's P, 1997.

Goodheart, Adam. "How to be a Romantic Poet: A Wannabe's Guide to the Literary Life." Utne Reader (July-Aug. 1997): 39.

Grey, Robin Sandra. Complicity of Imagination: The American Renaissance, Contests of Authority, and Seventeenth-Century English Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997.

Discusses Margaret Fuller, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Thoreau, and Melville.

Guenter, Wendelin. "The Sketch as Literary Metaphor: The British Romantic Travel Narrative." ERR 7 (1997): 125-33.

Haefner, Joel. "'In Tangled Mazes Wrought': Hypertext and Teaching Romantic Women Poets." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): pp 45-50.

Haerens, Margaret, and Christine Slovey, eds. Poetry Criticism: Excerpts from Criticism of the Works of the Most Significant and Widely Studied Poets of World Literature. Vol. 16. Detroit: Gale, 1997.

Hall, Spencer. "Feminism, Ecology, Romanticism." Rev. of Becoming Wordsworthian: A Performative Aesthetics, by Elizabeth A. Fay, and Ecological Literary Criticism: Romantic Imagining and the Biology of Mind, by Karl Kroeber. CE 59 (1997): 828-33.

Hallock, John Wesley Matthew. "The First Statue: Fitz-Greene Halleck and Homotextual Representation in Nineteenth-Century America (Poetry, Gay)." [Doctoral dissertation, Temple U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-06A (1997): 2209.

Discusses the work of a writer, Fitz-Greene Halleck (1790-1867), who explored Byronic forms and comic themes. In 1819, Halleck cowrote a series of social commentaries with Joseph Rodman Drake, with whom Halleck fell in love. His letters to his sister denounce the culture's predominant heterosexism. Halleck's 1822 European tour inspired "Alnwick Castle," "Burns," and "Marco Bozzaris." He was regarded as America's greatest poet (1830-60), despite attacks on his moral character and on his free verse poem, "The Field of the Grounded Arms" (1828). He wrote a biography of Byron which discloses his loyalty to homosexual ideals. The unveiling of his statue in 1877, the first to commemorate an American poet, was attended by President Hayes and fifty thousand spectators.

Hamilton, Paul. "The New Romanticism: Philosophical Stand-ins in English Romantic Discourse." Textual Practice 11 (1997): 109-31.

Discusses transactions between philosophy and writing of the Romantic period and argues that both fields "criticize aestheticiation." Includes brief discussions of Godwin's Political Justice, St. Leon, Hazlitt's Liber Amoris, and Barbauld's "The Rights of Woman" in terms of McGann's Poetics of Sensibility, and the work of Foucault, Lyotard, and Habermas. Hamilton argues that Kant is still useful in examining Romantic poetry when reinterpreted in light of the "linguistic turn" taken by current continental philosophers, especially Habermas. "The erotic and political ironies of Hazlitt's Liber Amoris can be set against the successful refiguring of woman and history by Anna Letitia Barbauld."

Hancher, Michael. British Periodicals at Minnesota: The Early Nineteenth Century. <>.

"The following handlist reports many periodicals that began publication in Great Britain between 1801 and 1850, and also some that began their careers in the eighteenth century or earlier and continued to publish after 1800."

Helsinger, Elizabeth. Rural Scenes and National Representation: Britain, 1815-1850. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1997.

An interdisciplinary discussion of nationalism in literature and art, Helsinger's book includes the following chapters: "Constable: The Making of a National Painter"; "Out of the Heart of the Country: Tennyson's English Idyls"; "Cobbett's Radical Husbandry"; "Clare and the Place of the Peasant Poet"; "Turner's England and Wales"; "Brontë's Ghosts"; and Eliot's "Risky History."

Henry, Lauren Gail. "Hearing Their Cry: British Romanticism, Abolitionism, and the African Writer." [Doctoral dissertation, New York U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-05A (1997): 1722.

Examines the relationship between English Romanticism and English abolitionism; discusses the dismissal of Anglo-African writers of the Romantic period.

Hewitt, Regina. The Possibilities of Society: Wordsworth, Coleridge, and the Sociological Viewpoint of English Romanticism. Albany: State U of New York P, 1997.

The first two chapters of this study consider the sociological prescience of Wordsworth and Coleridge and their place in the institution of sociology. Chapters 3-6 discuss "Wordsworth, Coleridge, and the Sociological Point of View"; "Views of the Country"; "Wordsworth and the Institution of Poetry"; and "Coleridge and the Configuration of Knowledge." The final two chapters are titled "Social Change and the Second Generation" and "The Possibilities of Poetic Sociology." The second generation developed particular insights into society's structures and processes, which Hewitt examines and compares "with the insights of founding sociologists" (xiv). Hewitt looks at "Byron's Weberian analysis of charisma and bureaucracy, Shelley's Simmelian perspective on forms of sociation, and Keats's Meadian approach to social interaction" (xiv). Includes readings of Byron's Corsair (134-36), Don Juan (136-37), Marino Faliero (137-41), Sardanapalus (141-43), and The Two Foscari (141-44); Keats' The Eve of St. Agnes (157-60) and The Fall of Hyperion (173-75); and Shelley's Defence of Poetry (168-72).

Hickey, Alan. Impure Conceits. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1997.

Hildreth, Ethan Joe David. "Writing an Imperial Narrative: Treatment of the Arab Image in Nineteenth-Century British Literature." [Doctoral dissertation, Georgia State U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-08A (1997): 3143.

Provides revisionist readings of selected poems, novels, and travel narratives, exploring how Wordsworth, Shelley, Coleridge, and Walter Scott illustrate the Romantic propensity to cast the Middle East in idealistic terms. Explores how mid-century travel literature shifts from idealistic to imperialistic representation in Alexander Kinglake's Ethen and Eliot Warburton's The Crescent and the Cross, two of the most popular tourist books of the period. Includes discussion of works by Tennyson, Kipling, Disraeli, and T. E. Lawrence's Revolt in the Desert.

Hinds, Elizabeth Jane Wall. "Private Property": Charles Brockden Brown's Gendered Economics of Virtue. Newark: U of Delaware P, 1997.

"In his four major novels [Wieland, Ormond, Arthur Mervyn, Edgar Huntly] and Alcuin, a dialogue on women's rights, Brown created economies as equivocal as his own slippery class position. Money or class is always at issue in these works, and while Brown might raise suspicions about his 'strivers' like Arthur Mervyn, he would not--at least in the novels--permit the rewards of virtue to go to a leisured class" (11-12).

History through Art: Romanticism. School ed. CD-ROM. Gareth Stevens MultiMedia, 1997.

Hoerner, Frederick Christian. "Figures Bearing Sway: Milton, Romanticism, and Poetic Transmission." [Doctoral dissertation, U of Texas at Austin, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-07A (1997): 2668.

This dissertation shows how a number of Romantic poets are caught up in historical and linguistic forces that "compromise their agency." Hoerner discusses Sin and Death in Paradise Lost, Blake's "Visions of the Daughters of Albion," Wordsworth's "Intimations" ode, Shelley's Prometheus Unbound and "Ozymandias," and the orientalism of Sir William Jones. In Prometheus Unbound and in "Ozymandias," Shelley uses the "self-transgressive tendencies of allegory and aesthetic closure to resist [William] Jones' orientalism as well as the increasingly global reach and symbolic violence of British custom."

Hogle, Jerrold E. "The Ghost of the Counterfeit--and the Closet--in The Monk." RoN 8 (Nov. 1997): <>.

Holmes, Richard. "The Romantic Circle (19th Century English Poets Lord Byron, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Lamb, and Southey)." NYRB 44:6 (Apr. 10, 1997): 34.

Byron epitomized and popularized the Romantic portrait in 1812. In 1796, Joseph Cottle anticipated this rage for portraits of poets by commissioning pencil portraits of the then unknown William Wordsworth, Robert Southey, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Charles Lamb.

Holmes, Richard. The Romantic Poets. London: National Portrait Gallery Publications, 1997; Wappinger Falls, NY: Antique Collectors' Club, 1997.

Hone, William. The Political House That Jack Built, ed. Kyle Grimes. A Romantic Circles electronic edition.

"Few works of romantic-era literature are more appropriate for internet publication than William Hone's The Political House That Jack Built. When first published in early December 1819, the work was something of a multimedia event. By combining his parodic doggerel verse with George Cruikshank's brilliant woodcuts and the epigraph quotations from Cowper's The Task, Hone was able to generate an ironic complexity that far exceeds the mere sum of the assembled parts." Includes an extensive annotated bibliography of Hone's publications and a handlist of recent criticism.

Hughes, Sheila Hassell. "Between Bodies of Knowledge There Is a Great Gulf Fixed: A Liberationist Reading of Class and Gender in Life in the Iron Mills." American Quarterly 49 (1997): 113-37.

Hurley, Kelly. The Gothic Body: Sexuality, Materialism, and Degeneration at the Fin de Siècle. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997.

Jarvis, C. "Romantic Histories: Women Access Students and Romantic Fiction." Journal of Access Studies 12 (1997): 32.

Jarvis, Robin. Romantic Writing and Pedestrian Travel. Basingstoke and New York: Macmillan/St. Martin's P, 1997.

The first three chapters are titled "The Rise of Pedestrianism," "An Anatomy of the Pedestrian Traveller," and "Pedestrianism and Peripatetic Form"; chapter 4 treats Wordsworth, Coleridge, and John Clare as walkers; the final chapter, "Walking and Talking: Late-Romantic Voices," discusses Keats' tour of the Lake District and the Scottish Highlands in June-August 1818, in the company of Charles Armitage Brown (196), with a focus on the impact of their visit to Robert Burns' tomb and birthplace.

Jasper, David. Preserving the Sacred Truths: The Sacred and Secular Canon. Basingstoke and New York: Macmillan's/St. Martin's P, 1997.

Jewett, William. Fatal Autonomy: Romantic Drama and the Rhetoric of Agency. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1997.

Jones, Christine Kenyon. "SF and Romantic Biofictions: Aldiss, Gibson, Sterling, Powers." Science-Fiction Studies 24 (1997): 47-56.

Jones, Kathleen. A Passionate Sisterhood: The Sisters, Wives, and Daughters of the Lake Poets. London: Constable, 1997.

Focuses on Wordsworth, Southey, Coleridge, and their families.

Jones, Steven E. "The Black Dwarf as Satiric Performance; or, the Instabilities of the 'Public Square.'" In Romanticism, Radicalism, and the Press, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt (Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1997): 203-14.

Jump, Harriet Devine, ed. Women's Writing of the Romantic Period 1789-1836: An Anthology. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 1997.

Kahn, Madeline. "The Milkmaid's Voice: Ann Yearsley and the Romantic Notion of the Poet." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 141-47.

Kelley, Theresa M. Reinventing Allegory. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997.

"This book asks two related questions: why does allegory survive modernity and what does modernity (still) have against it?" Kelley emphasizes "moments in English culture when its resistance to allegory is strongest: the iconoclast critique of allegory in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; the Neoclassical attack on allegorial poems and paintings; the Romantic ambivalence toward allegory; Victorian efforts to sustain the divison between allegorical and realist narratives; and the return to allegory in twentieth-century critical theory and recent fiction" (4). Includes discussions of Shelley's The Cenci (143-44; 153-56), The Masque of Anarchy (147-49), Prometheus Unbound (149-52), and The Triumph of Life (152-53); and in Keats' Endymion (164-66), "Lamia" (173-75), and Ode on a Grecian Urn (167-71).

Kelsall, Malcolm. Jefferson and the Building of Montecello. Basingstoke and New York: Macmillan/St. Martin's P, 1997.

Kennedy, Deborah. "Introducing Felica Hemans in the First-Year Course." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 153-56.

King, Jane, and Kari Lokke. "'The Choicest Gifts of Genius': Working with and Teaching the Kohler Collection." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 40-44.

Kouneva, Penka Dinkova. "Cantata 'Where Nature and Soul Meet' for Soprano and Baritone Soloists, Mixed Chorus and Chamber Orchestra." [Doctoral dissertation, Duke U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-03A (1997): 634.

This cantata is "an attempt to critique, through music and poetic texts, an alienated world view, and to celebrate in song a new environmental ethic." Inspired by Bly, Griffin, and other ecofeminists who argue that "rationalism and domination over nature have been paradigmatic world views in the West since the Scientific and the Industrial Revolutions," Kouneva explores the extent to which American Romanticists such as Emerson and Whitman, and English and European writers such as David Ignatow, Lord Byron, Novalis, Matthew Arnold, R. M. Rilke, and J. W. von Goethe have been complicit in promulgating that world view.

Kucich, Greg. "Romantic Studies: The State of the Art or Scholars in Search of a Period." WC 28.2 (1997): 82-84.

Kucich, Greg. "Staging History: Teaching Romantic Intersections of Drama, History, and Gender." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 89-96.

Kuhiwczak, Piotr. "Translation and National Canons: Slav Perceptions of English Romanticism." In Essays and Studies 1997: Translating Literature, ed. Susan Bassnett and Andre Lefevere (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1997): 80-94.

Labbe, Jacqueline M. Romantic Visualities: Landscape, Gender, and Romanticism. New York: St. Martin's P, 1997.

Ladies of Llangollen: Letters and Journals of Lady Eleanor Butler (1739-1829) and Sarah Ponsonby (1755-1831) from the National Library of Wales. 5 microfilm reels. Marlborough, Wiltshire, England: Adam Matthew Publications, 1997.

This collection is also known as the Hamwood papers.

The Language of Literature: Laserlinks, British Literature. Grade 12. Unit four: The Flowering of Romanticism. Laserdisc. NY: McDougal Littell, 1997.

Lanser, Susan S. "Writing Women into Romanticism." Rev. of Re-Visioning Romanticism: British Women Writers, 1776-1837, ed. Carol Shiner Wilson and Joel Haefner; Romanticism and Gender, by Anne K. Mellor; Feminism, Socialism, and French Romanticism, by Claire Goldberg Moses and Leslie Wahl Rabine; Romantic Women Writers: Voices and Countervoices, ed. Paula R. Feldman and Theresa M. Kelley; The Male Malady: Fictions of Impotence in the French Romantic Novel, by Margaret Waller; and In The Shadows of Olympus: German Women Writers around 1800, by Katherine R. Goodman and Edith Waldstein. Feminist Studies, 23 (1997): 167-90.

"The Last Formalist, or W. J. T. Mitchell as Romantic Dinosaur," A Romantic Praxis Interview. In The Last Formalist, or W. J. T. Mitchell as Romantic Dinosaur, by Orrin N. C. Wang. A Romantic Circles electronic edition (Aug. 1997): <>.

Lemley, Mark A. "Romantic Authorship and the Rhetoric of Property." Texas Law Review 75 (1997): 873-906.

Lewis, Becky. "The Appeal of the Domestic in the First-Year Course: Susanna Blamire." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 157-61.

Linkin, Harriet Kramer. "Romantic Aesthetics in Mary Tighe & Letitia Landon: How Women Poets Recuperate the Gaze." ERR 7 (1997): 159-88.

Linkin, Harriet Kramer. "Teaching the Poetry of Mary Tighe: Psyche, Beauty, and the Romantic Object." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 106-109.

Liu, Alan. Voice of the Shuttle: English Literature. <>.

Includes "General Resources," "Authors, Works, Projects," "Course Syllabi & Teaching Resources," "Criticism and Critics (General)," "Journals & Series," "Listservs & Newsgroups," "Conferences & Calls for Papers," and "Post-Romanticism" (20th-century works directly related to Romanticism).

Livingston, Ira. Arrow of Chaos: Romanticism and Postmodernity. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1997.

Macovski, Michael, ed. Dialogue and Critical Discourse: Language, Culture, Critical Theory. New York: Oxford UP, 1997.

Includes "Narrative Transmission: Shifting Gears in Shelley's 'Ozymandias,'" by Timothy R. Austin; "Dialogics of the Lyric: A Symposium on Wordsworth's 'Westminster Bridge' and 'Beauteous Evening,'" by Don H. Bialostosky; "'The Bard I Quote From': Byron, Bakhtin, and the Appropriation of Voices," by Michael Macovski; "Dialogue in Lyric Narrative," by Paul Friedrich; and "Marxism, Romanticism, and Postmodernism," by Anne Mack and Jay Rome, which reads Byron's "Fare Thee Well!" within the context of McGann's and de Man's critical writings.

Maertz, Gregory, ed. Cultural Interactions in the Romantic Age: Critical Essays in Comparative Literature. Albany: SUNY P, 1998.

Actually published in 1998, this volume includes essays by James Engell, Frederick Burwick, April Alliston, Roberta Johnson, Lillian Furst, John L. Mahoney, Annette Cafarelli, Kari Lokke, David C. Hensley, Gregory Maertz, and Marc Katz. Lokke's essay on "Sibylline Leaves: Mary Shelley's Valperga and the Legacy of Corinne" is perhaps the most relevant to this bibliography.

Mahoney, John L., ed. The English Romantics: Major Poetry & Critical Theory. Reprint ed. 1978. Prospect Heights, Illinois: Waveland P, 1997.

Mai, Anne-Marie, and Bo Kampmann Walther, eds. At Ga Til Grunde: Sider af Romantikkens Litteratur og Taenkning. Odense M: Odense Universitetsforlag, 1997.

Making the Modern: 19th Century Poetry in English. CD-ROM. William K. Bradford, Co., 1997.

Selected poems by Byron, Coleridge, Keats, Percy Shelley, Wordsworth.

Mandell, Laura, ed. "Canons Die Hard: A Review of the New Romantic Anthologies." RoN 7 (Aug. 1997): <>.

Mandell, Laura. Romantic Anthologies--A Special Issue of Romanticism On the Net. RoN 7 (Aug. 1997): <>.

Marshal, Christine Lowella. "The Re-Presented Indian: Pauline Johnson's 'Strong Race Opinion' and Other Forgotten Discourses." [Doctoral dissertation, U of Arizona, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-08A (1997): 3140.

Explores the work of Pauline Johnson, daughter of a Mohawk chief and an English immigrant, who was exposed to the work of Shakespeare and Byron as well as to her Mohawk grandfather's ancient stories. Johnson was the first and only native writer to make a living from her writing. When she died in 1913, she had produced 80 short stories that appeared in national magazines. "Her writing reflected her parents' optimism and belief that her dual heritage was the beginning of a new world in which native values and abilities would be integrated as important contributions to Canadian society as a whole. For nearly seventeen years Johnson toured Canada, the United States, and England, reciting her own poetry and adding her own humorous observations. Aware that her special draw to her audiences was her native heritage, Johnson assumed the stage persona of 'The Mohawk Princess' and wore a buckskin dress, moccasins, a bearclaw necklace, and other accoutrements as she recited angry poems protesting white treatment of native peoples. In the second half of her performance, however, she changed into an evening dress, subverting audience's expectations of the stereotyped identity, 'Indian.'"

Matlak, Richard. The Poetry of Relationship: The Wordsworths and Coleridge, 1797-1800. New York: St. Martin's P, 1997.

Maurer, Karl. Goethe und die romanische Welt: Studien zur Goethezeit und ihrer europischen Vorgeschichte. F. Schningh, 1997.

McAllister, Susan Fleming. "Between Romantic Revolution and Victorian Propriety: The Cultural Work of British Missionary Narratives." [Doctoral dissertation, U of Oregon, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-07A (1997): 2670.

Explores the influence of Romanticism on missionaries to China. Includes discussions of George Eliot's Adam Bede, Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre, and Elizabeth Gaskell's Ruth.

McCann, Andrew. "Politico-Sentimentality: John Thelwall, Literary Production, and Critique of Capital in the 1790's." Romanticism, 3.1 (1997): 35-52.

McCarthy, Thomas J. Relationships of Sympathy: The Writer and the Reader in British Romanticism. Brookfield, Vt.: Ashgate Pub. Co. 1997.

McKitterick, Rosamond, and Roland Quinault, eds. Edward Gibbon and Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997.

McKusick, James C. "Introduction: Romanticism and Ecology." WC 28.3 (1997): 123-24.

Mellon, Stanley. "Distinguishing the Poetess from the Female Poet." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 63-68.

Mellor, Anne K. "Romanticism, Gender, & the Anxieties of Empire: An Introduction." ERR 8 (1997): 148-54.

Mellor, Anne K, and Richard Matlak. "Anthologising the New Romanticism." RoN 7 (Aug. 1997): <>.

Miall, David S. Romanticism: CD-Rom. Oxford: Blackwell, 1997.

Miller, Eric. "Masks of Negation: Greek Eironeia and Schlegel's Ironie." ERR 8 (1997): 360-85.

Mitchell, W. J. T. "The Last Formalist, or W. J. T. Mitchell as Romantic Dinosaur (Without Gloss)." In The Last Formalist, or W. J. T. Mitchell as Romantic Dinosaur, by Orrin N. C. Wang. A Romantic Circles electronic edition (Aug. 1997): <>.

Montgomery, Marion. Romantic Confusions of the Good: Beauty as Truth, Truth Beauty. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1997.

Mori, Masaki. Epic Grandeur: Toward a Comparative Poetics of the Epic. New York: State U of New York, 1997.

The first half of this study is titled "Toward a Comparative Poetics of the Epic" and discusses theories of the epic, thematic approaches to the form, and transformations of the genre. The second half compares Keats' The Fall of Hyperion and Miyazawa Kenji's A Night on the Galaxy Railroad as "transitional epics." By transitional epics, Mori means "the relatively recent works which, although written after the traditional epic mode lost its impetus, still exhibit the three epic thematic fundamentals" (xi). A bibliography is included of Kenji's works as well as a glossary titled "Japanese Words in the Text" (225-29).

Morton, Timothy. "Queen Mab as Topological Repertoire." In Early Shelley: Vulgarisms, Politics, and Fractals, ed. Neil Fraistat. A Romantic Circles electronic edition (Aug. 1997): <>.

Mozes, Daniel. "'Remorse without the Fear of Hell': Skepticism and Agency in Romantic Drama (Romanticism, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Lord Byron, Joanna Baillie)." [Doctoral dissertation, City U of New York, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-09A (1997): 3540.

Reinterprets British Romanticism by placing drama at the forefront; argues that Romantic playwrights call for a "more dialogic understanding of where modern skepticism puts us." Explores seven dramas (Wordsworth's The Borderers, Coleridge's Osorio, Shelley's The Cenci and Prometheus Unbound, Byron's Manfred and Marino Faliero, and Baillie's De Monfort. These works "are all very specifically about the possibility of freedom in a post-revolutionary world."

Mullan, John, Jennifer Wallace, Ralph Pite, and Fiona Robertson, eds. Lives of the Great Romantics II: Keats, Coleridge, and Scott by Their Contemporaries. London: Pickering & Chatto, 1997.

Mulvihill, James. "A Periodical Source for Peacock's Headlong Hall." N&Q 44.3 (1997): 334-35.

Myers, Victoria. "The Other Fraud: Coleridge's The Plot Discovered and the Rhetoric of Political Discourse." In Romanticism, Radicalism, and the Press, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt (Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1997): 65-82.

Neff, D. S. "Hostages to Empire: The Anglo-Indian Problem in Frankenstein, The Curse of Kehema, and The Missionary. ERR 8 (1997): 386-408.

Neill, Edward. "The Secret of Northanger Abbey." EIC 47 (1997): 13-32.

Newman, Gail M. Locating the Romantic Subject: Novalis with Winnicott. Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1997.

Treats Donald Woods Winnicott (1896-1971) and Heinrich von Ofterdingen Novalis (1772-1801), exploring psychoanalysis in literature.

Nicholls, Robert, illus. Gardens of Delight: A Pop-Up Anthology of Romantic Verse & Paper Flowers. New York: Abrams, 1997.

Nichols, Ashton. "The Anxiety of Species: Toward a Romantic Natural History." WC 28 (1997): 130-36.

Nisbet, H. B., and Claude Rawson, eds. The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism. Vol. 4. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997.

Comprehensive account of the history of literary criticism in Britain and Europe between 1660 and 1800. "Poetry, after 1740," by William Keach; "Medieval Revival and the Gothic," by Peter Sabor; and contributions by Felicity Nussbaum, Pat Rogers, Terry Castle, and others. Five separate sections devoted to criticism and tradition, genres, language and style, themes and movements, and literature and other disciplines.

O'Neill, Michael. Romanticism and the Self-Conscious Poem. Oxford: Clarendon P, 1997.

Oerlemans, Onno. "Romanticism and the Metaphysics of Species." WC 28.3 (1997): 136-48.

Ozsoylu, S. "Jenner, Romanticism, and Research." Arch Dis Child 76 (1997): 81.

Pari, Caroline. "Heroines and Whores: Transgressive Women in British Feminist Novels, 1790-1814." [Doctoral dissertation, City U of New York, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-08A (1997): 1726.

A study of five feminist novels written when "gender and class ideologies came under question": Julie (1790), by Helen Maria Williams; The Memoirs of Emma Courtney (1796), by Mary Hays; The Wrongs of Woman; or, Maria, a Fragment (1798), by Mary Wollstonecraft; Adeline Mowbray; or, The Mother and Daughter (1805), by Amelia Opie; and The Wanderer; or, Female Difficulties (1814), by Frances Burney.

Pascoe, Judith. Romantic Theatricality: Gender, Poetry and Spectatorship. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1997.

Pascoe, Judith. "Strategies for Replacing the Six-Poet Course." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 58-62.

Pateman, Trevor. "Space for the Imagination." Journal of Aesthetic Education 31 (1997): 1-8.

Perkins, Mary Anne. "Coleridge and the 'Other Plato.'" ERR 8 (1997): 25-40.

Peyrache-Leborgne, Dominique. La Poetique du Sublime de la Fin des Lumieres au Romantisme: Diderot, Schiller, Wordsworth, Shelley, Hugo, Michelet. Paris: Honore Champion, 1997.

Pfau, Thomas. "Bringing about the Past: Prophetic Memory in Kant, Godwin, and Blake." In Romanticism and Conspiracy, ed. Orrin N. C. Wang. A Romantic Circles electronic edition (Aug., 1997): <>.

Pfau, Thomas. "Paranoia Historicized: Legal Fantasy, Social Change, and Satiric Meta-Commentary in the 1794 Treason Trials." In Romanticism, Radicalism, and the Press, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt (Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1997): 30-64.

Pfau, Thomas. Wordsworth's Profession: Form, Class, and the Logic of Early Romantic Cultural Production. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1997.

Picart, Caroline. "Nietzsche as Masked Romantic." The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 55 (1997): 273-91.

Pinkerton, James. "Enviromanticism: The Poetry of Nature as a Political Force." Foreign Affairs 76.3 (1997): 2-7.

Pinkney, Tony, Keith Hanley, and Fred Botting, eds. Romantic Masculinities: News from Nowhere 2 (The Romantic Studies Yearbook of the Wordsworth Centre at Lancaster University). Keele, Staffordshire: Keele UP, 1997.

Pipkin, John George. "'The Line Invisible': Intertextuality and the Men and Women Poets of British Romanticism (Charlotte Smith, Joanna Baillie, Mary Tighe, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, John Keats)." [Doctoral dissertation, Rice U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-03A (1997): 887.

Pipkin explores intertextual relationships that Charlotte Smith, Joanna Baillie, and Mary Tighe maintain with Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Keats, making use of the "rhizome" theory of Gilles Deleuze and Guattari, rather than the "influence" model of Harold Bloom. Pipkin argues that Smith's Elegiac Sonnets engage in the discourse of the material sublime; and that Baillie's aesthetic theory expressed in her 1798 "Introductory Discourse" to A Series of Plays shows how her aesthetic theory "anticipates Wordsworth's valorization of powerful emotions." Tighe's Psyche recuperates beauty as an aesthetic category.

Piquet, Francois. Le Romantisme Anglais: Emergence d'Une Poetique. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1997.

Pittock, Murray G. H. Inventing and Resisting Britain: Cultural Identities in Britain and Ireland, 1685-1789. Basingstoke and New York: Macmillan's/St. Martin's P, 1997.

The Poetry Collection. Vol. 1. Audiocassette. Recorded Books, 1997.

Includes several poems by the Romantics: "The World Is Too Much with Us," "Ode," and "Intimations on Immortality" (Wordsworth); "She Walks in Beauty" (Byron); "Ozymandias" and "To a Skylark" (Shelley); "Kubla Khan" (Coleridge); and "Ode to a Nightingale" and "Ode on a Grecian Urn" (Keats).

Rainsford, Dominic. Authorship, Ethics, and the Reader: Studies in Blake, Dickens, and Joyce. Basingstoke and New York: Macmillan/St. Martin's P, 1997.

Discusses Blake, Dickens, Joyce, and didactic literature.

Redfield, Marc. German Romantic Literary Theory, by Ernst Behler. ERR 8 (1997): 450-54.

Redford, Bruce. Venice and the Grand Tour. New Haven: Yale UP, 1997.

Rettew, Patricia W. "The Fatal Muse: Romantic Feminizations of Revolutionary Zeal (Richard Polwhele, Mary Wollstonecraft, Anna Letitia Barbauld, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, John Keats." [Doctoral dissertation, Boston College, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-10A (1996), 3037.

This study examines literary representations of the revolutionary spirit unleashed during the French Revolution. Richard Polwhele's The Unsex'd Females (1798) exemplifies the "ultra-conservative reaction to French revolutionary and English literary woman's nascent feminism." Rettew discusses revolutionary and post-revolutionary attitudes toward women writers and feminine nature in Wollstonecraft's A Vindication of the Rights of Women (1792), Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790), Barbauld's "The Rights of Woman" (1792), and Coleridge's "Christabel" (1798). Keats' "La Belle Dame sans Merci: A Ballad" (1819) marks a turning point in Keats' poetic self-perception; if "La Belle Dame" "feminizes perceived threats to manly ambition and status," "Lamia" and The Fall of Hyperion suggest more positive representations of feminine influence.

Richardson, Alan. "Women Poets and Colonial Discourse: Teaching More and Yearsley on the Slave Trade." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 75-79.

Rieder, John. "The Institutional Overdetermination of the Concept of Romanticism." Yale Journal of Criticism 10 (1997): 145-63.

Rieder, John. Wordsworth's Counterrevolutionary Turn: Community, Virtue, and Vision in the 1790s. Newark: U of Delaware P, 1997.

Robinson, Jeffrey Cane. Spliced Romanticism. Lewiston, NY: Mellen Poetry P, 1997.

Rothblatt, Sheldon. "Jewish Life in the Eighteenth Century." Rev. of In and Out of the Ghetto: Jewish-Gentile Relations in Late Medieval and Early Modern Germany, ed. R. Po-chia Hsia and Hartmut Lehmann; The Broken Staff: Judaism Through Christian Eyes, by Frank E. Manuel; Anti-Semitic Stereotypes: A Paradigm of Otherness in English Popular Culture, by Frank Felsenstein; and Figures of Conversion: "The Jewish Question" and English National Identity, by Michael Ragussis. Eighteenth-Century Life, 21:1 (1997): 123-33.

Rubik, Margarete. Early Women Dramatists, 1550-1800. Basingstoke and New York: Macmillan/St. Martin's P, 1997.

Russett, Margaret. De Quincey's Romanticism: Canonical Minority and the Forms of Transmission. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997.

Ruwe, Donelle R. "Gendering Subjectivity: Women Romantics in a Poetry Survey Course." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 161-64.

Ryan, Robert M. The Romantic Reformation: Religious Politics in English Literature, 1789-1824. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997.

Rzepka, Charles J. "Thomas De Quincey's 'Three-Fingered Jack': The West Indian Origins of the 'Dark Interpreter.'" ERR 8 (1997): 117-38.

Saglia, Diego. "The Exotic Politics of the Domestic: The Alhambra as Symbolic Place in British Romantic Poetry." Comparative Literature Studies 34.3 (1997): 197-225.

Saunders, Gerda. "The Epistemology of Romantic Despair." Western Humanities Review 51 (1997): 298-309.

Schweninger, Loren. Black Property Owners in the South, 1790-1815. Champaign-Urbana: Illinois UP, 1997.

Scrivener, Michael. "John Thelwall and the Press." In Romanticism, Radicalism, and the Press, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt (Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1997): 120-36.

Seaboyer, Judith. "Second Death in Venice: Romanticism and the Compulsion to Repeat in Jeanette Winterson's 'The Passion.'" CompL 38 (1997): 483-509.

Semmel, Stuart. "Napoleon in British Political Culture: Early Nineteenth-Century Conceptions of National Character, Legitimacy, and History." [Doctoral dissertation, Harvard U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-05A (1997): 1871.

Semmel examines Napoleon's place in the "British political and historical imagination, draw[ing] on both elite and popular productions: pamphlets, periodicals, parliamentary debates, broadsides, cartoons, plays, diaries, and almanacs." In this study, Semmel examines literary figures (Wordsworth, Walter Scott, Southey, Byron, Hazlitt, Haydon) and political journalists (Cobbett, Wooler, Sherwin, Leigh Hunt, John Scott, Henry Readhead Yorke, Lewis Goldsmith, and Daniel Lovell), expanding the list of writers considered by Simon Bainbridge's Napoleon and English Romanticism (1995). Semmel considers how Waterloo tourism, Napoleonic relics, and the emperor's "musing[s] on his own history" helped "the British think about themselves."

Seymour, James C. "The Theatre of Romulus Linney, 1967-1995: Holy Ghosts and Hidden Histories (Playwrights, Regional Theater)." [Doctoral dissertation, City U of New York, 1997): DAI, Vol. 58-05A (1997): 1505.

Examines the work of a man whom Martin Gottfried called "one of the best kept secrets of the American theatre." Explores this author's more than thirty plays and their relation to the life of the American regional theater movement, as well as his debt to the European and American roots "from which his deeply felt, idiosyncratic, and classically inspired plays are derived." Chapter 3 examines Childe Byron, in which the death of a central character is the catalyst to an examination of that character's life.

Silver, Philip W. Ruin and Restitution: Reinterpreting Romanticism in Spain. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt UP, 1997.

"This work is not primarily a history of Spanish romanticism nor a study of select Spanish romantic writers" (ix). Instead, it explores the "hiatus between so-called Spanish romanticism and modern Spanish poetry" (ix). The book explores the work of Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Luis Cernuda, José de Espronceda, and other writers through the theoretical lens of Paul de Man and Martin Heidegger. It argues that "the literary and historical relations between European and Spanish romanticism, and of both with modern Spanish poetry, are misconstrued" (xii), arguing for the essential discontinuity between Spanish Romanticism and modern Spanish poetry. Democratic liberal plans were repeatedly interrupted by authoritarian moderado liberalism, which came to power in 1837, 1843, 1856, and 1874, "because its model better matched the converging economic interests at the end of the ancien régime" (145).

Simpkins, Scott. "Teaching Alien Aesthetics: The Difficulty of Difference in the Classroom." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 51-57.

Skinner, Gillian. Sensibility and Economics in the Novel, 1740-1800: The Price of a Tear. Basingstoke and New York: Macmillan's/St. Martin's P, 1998.

Smethurst, C., and C. W. Thompson. "Romantic Geographies." French Studies, 51 (1997): 329-30.

Includes Diego Saglia's essay on Childe Harold's intertextual wanderings in Spain. Reviews a collection of essays on Byron's Spain, Lamartine, Tieck, and Shelley. "The papers are English and French but have something to say about Romanticism in Germany, Spain, Poland, France, and England, though not Italy."

Smith, Allan Lloyd, and Victor Sage, eds. Modern Gothic: A Reader. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1996; New York: St. Martin's P, 1996.

Soderholm, James, ed. Beauty and the Critic: Aesthetics in an Age of Cultural Studies. Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P, 1997.

Sohi, Behzad Ghaderi. "Theatres of the Mind: A Comparative Study of British Romantic Dramatists with Five Contemporary British Dramatists." [Doctoral dissertation, U of Essex, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-04C (1997): 1162.

This study traces "the subversive strategies used by five recent English playwrights--Howard Barker, Edward Bond, Howard Brenton, Caryl Churchill, and Roger Howard--back to the dramatic and theatrical legacy of Wordsworth, Baillie, Shelley, and Byron." Sohi explores historical connections between two groups of writers who faced the collapse of utopian possibilities. Sohi juxtaposes Remorse (1813) with Scenes from an Execution (1984) and No End of Blame (1981); Wordsworth's The Borderers (1796-7) with Edward Bond's The Fool (1976); Joanna Baillie's The Second Marriage (1798) with Caryl Churchill's Top Girls (1982); and Shelley's The Cenci (1819) with Brenton's Bloody Poetry (1984). Sohi discusses Byron's Sardanapalus (1821) and Roger Howard's Queen (1798) in terms of Hegel's trope of master/slave.

Stripling, Mahala Yates. "Richard Selzer: The Pen and the Scalpel. A Dialogic/Rhetorical Perspective on the Life and Writings of a Surgeon/Writer (Short Stories)." [Doctoral dissertation, Texas Christian U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-03A (1997): 876.

Bakhtinian perspective on Selzer's life and work that shows how Selzer "commingles past voices from Homer, Shakespeare, and Keats with his own ever-evolving hybrid languages."

Sweet, Nanora. "Hemans's 'The Widow of Crescentius': Beauty, Sublimity, and the Woman Hero." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 101-5.

Sweet, Nanora. "'Hitherto Closed to British Enterprise': Trading and Writing the Hispanic World Circa 1815." ERR 8 (1997): 139-48.

Thompson, E. P. The Romantics: England in a Revolutionary Age. New York: New P, 1997.

Tong, Q. S. Reconstructing Romanticism: Organic Theory Revisited. Salzburg: Institut fur Anglistik und Amerikanistik, Universitat Salzburg, 1997.

Travers, Martin. An Introduction to Modern European Literature: From Romanticism to Postmodernism. New York: St. Martin's P, 1997.

Tremper, Ellen. Who Lived at Alfoxton?: Virginia Woolf and English Romanticism. Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell UP, 1997.

Trouille, Mary Seidman. Sexual Politics in the Enlightenment: Women Writers Read Rousseau. New York: SUNY, 1997.

Trumpener, Katie. Bardic Nationalism: The Romantic Novel and the British Empire. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1997.

"This book links the literary and intellectual history of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Britain's overseas colonies during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries to redraw our picture of the origins of cultural nationalism, the lineages of the novel, and the early literary history of the English-speaking world. In the process, it argues implicitly for the disciplinary transformation of English literature, so called, and for a new way of conceiving the disciplinary mandate of comparative literature" (xi). The first half of this study, titled "Enlightenment and Nationalist Surveys," includes chapters on national elegies, oral traditions, and the historical novel in the age of Waverly, 1806-30. The second half, titled "National Memory, Imperial Amnesia," discusses "Imperial and Domestic Fiction, 1790-1815," "The Fostering System as National and Imperial Education," and the Canadian poet Frank Davey's The Abbotsford Guide to India (1986), which "identifies the historical preconditons of the encounter of Canada with India, in their parallel, indirectly linked histories as British colonies" (243).

Tucker, Herbert. "Spacetime in Nineteenth-Century Poetry." MLQ 58.3 (1997): 169-297.

Discusses several poems as "a spacetime structure that at once interprets and is interpreted by the structure it refers to." In Byron's "Lines Inscribed upon a Cup Formed from a Skull" (1808), the skull is both a memento mori and a means to intoxication; Keats' "Ode on Melancholy" evokes "a parallel between its structure and that of the human skull" (284); Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind" "aspires to ignite the manuscript it is written on." Shelley's fascination with how forms limit human potential is shown in later portions of Prometheus Unbound, where drama "evaporates into lyric, action into voice, song into bright air" (285).

Tuite, Clara. "'Cloistered Closets': Enlightenment Pornography, the Confessional State, Homosexual Persecution, and The Monk." RoN 8 (Nov. 1997): <>.

Turner, Michael Edward, Bethanie Afton, and J. V. Beckett. Agricultural Rent in England, 1690-1914. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997.

"Surprisingly little is known about long-run trends in agricultural rent" (1). This volume includes "An English agricultural rent index, 1690-1919" (148-75), with rent indices of estate records, government inquiries, and other studies. The volume explores "rent arrears and regional variations" as well as "contemporary views of rent in eighteenth and nineteenth-century England."

Underwood, William Edward. "Sunlight as Work in British Romanticism: Poetry, Science, and Theories of Spontaneous Production." [Doctoral dissertation, Cornell U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 57-12A (1997): 5167.

The idea that sunlight invests the world with life and consciousness shaped Romantic theories of artistic creation, particularly Percy Shelley's theory of poetry in the Defence of Poetry (1821). The enthusiastic popular reception of the first law of thermodynamics (1857-68) "hinged" on its tendency to ratify the assumption "that all work, intellectual and physical, could be traced to the sun."

Veeder, Rex L. "Romantic Rhetoric and the Rhetorical Tradition." Rhetoric Review 15 (1997): 300-17.

Romantics adopted "a dialogical version of communication" (316); responds to Bialostosky's book on Wordsworth, and also to Coleridge, De Quincey, Godwin, and Shelley's "Mont Blanc."

Vickers, Neil. "Coleridge, Thomas Beddoes, and Brunonian Medicine." ERR 8 (1997): 47-94.

Wang, Orrin N. C. "Introduction: Romanticism and Conspiracy." In Romanticism and Conspiracy, ed. Orrin N. C. Wang. A Romantic Circles electronic edition (Aug. 1997): <>.

Wang, Orrin N. C. The Last Formalist, or W. J. T. Mitchell as Romantic Dinosaur. A Romantic Circles electronic edition (Aug. 1997): <>.

Essays include "The Last Formalist, or W. J. T. Mitchell as Romantic Dinosaur (Without Gloss)," by W. J. T. Mitchell; "The Last Formalist, or W. J. T. Mitchell as Romantic Dinosaur," A Romantic Praxis Interview; "The Sorrows of Young Wieboldt: A Gloss (By Itself)," by Orrin N. C. Wang.

Wang, Orrin N. C. "The Sorrows of Young Wieboldt: A Gloss (By Itself)." In The Last Formalist, or W. J. T. Mitchell as Romantic Dinosaur, by Orrin N. C. Wang. A Romantic Circles electronic edition (Aug. 1997): <>.

Wang, Orrin N. C, ed. Romanticism and Conspiracy. A Romantic Circles electronic edition (Aug. 1997): <>.

Essays include "Introduction: Romanticism and Conspiracy," by Orrin N. C. Wang; "William Cobbett and the Politics of System," by Kevin Gilmartin; "Paranoid Politics: Shelley and the Quarterly Review," by Kim Wheatley; "Periodical Indigestion: Hazlitt's Unpalatable Politics," by Charles Mahoney; and "Bringing about the Past: Prophetic Memory in Kant, Godwin, and Blake," by Thomas Pfau.

Ward, S. Candace. "Active Sensibility and Positive Virtue: Wollstonecraft's 'Grand Principle of Action.'" ERR 8 (1997): 409-31.

Warner, Malcolm, and Susan Wise, eds. French and British Paintings from 1600 to 1800 in the Art Institute of Chicago. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1997.

Wenner, Barbara Britton. "'Enclaves of Civility Amidst Clamorous Impertinence': Will as Reflected in the Landscape of Emma." ERR 8 (1997): 95-115.

Wheatley, Kim. "'Radical Trash': American Emigrants in the Quarterly Review." In Romanticism, Radicalism, and the Press, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt (Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1997): 170-91.

Whitlark, James. "Heresy Hunting: The Monk and the French Revolution." RoN 8 (Nov. 1997): <>.

Wiesenthal, Chris. Figuring Madness in Nineteenth Century Fiction. Basingstoke and New York: Macmillan/St. Martin's P, 1997.

Wilson, Carol Shiner. "Understanding Cultural Contexts: The Politics of Needlework in Taylor, Barbauld, Lamb, and Wordsworth." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 80-84.

Wilson, Lisa. "'Monk' Lewis as Literary Lion." RoN 8 (Nov. 1997): <>.

Winship, Michael. American Literary Publishing in the Mid-Nineteenth Century. Cambridge UP, 1997.

Wolfson, Susan J. "Anthologizing Romantic-Era Writing for the Commercial Market: An Introduction to a Public Discussion." RoN 7 (Aug. 1997): <>.

Wolfson, Susan J. Formal Charges: The Shaping of Poetry in British Romanticism. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1997.

Wolfson, Susan J. "Men, Women, and 'Fame': Teaching Felicia Hemans." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 110-20.

Wordsworth, Jonathan. The Bright Work Grows: Women Writers of the Romantic Age. Poole: Woodstock Books, 1997.

Worrall, David. "Mab and Mob: The Radical Press Community in Regency England." In Romanticism, Radicalism, and the Press, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt (Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1997): 137-56.

Wu, Duncan. "Editing Student Anthologies: The Burning Question." RoN 7 (Aug. 1997): <>.

Wu, Duncan. Rev. of Lives of the Great Romantics: Shelley, Byron, and Wordsworth by Their Contemporaries, ed. John Mullan, Vol 3: Wordsworth, ed. Peter Swaab. KSR 11 (1997): 205-6.

Wu, Duncan, ed. A Companion to Romanticism. Blackwell Companions to Literature & Culture Series. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1997.

Wu, Duncan, ed. Romantic Women Poets: An Anthology. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1997.

Wu, Duncan, ed. William Wordsworth: The Five-Book Prelude. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1997.

Yu, Christopher Dietrich. "Poetic Satire from the Restoration to the Present (John Dryden, Alexander Pope, Lord Byron, W. H. Auden, James Merrill)." [Doctoral dissertation, Yale U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-04A (1997): 1296.

"This dissertation argues that the figurative practices cultivated by the great verse satirists of Augustan England, chiefly Dryden and Pope, gave rise to the language of the Anglo-American liberal tradition." The genealogy of poetic satire in English from Dryden and Pope through Byron and Auden to James Merrill suggests a "clear ethical and political trajectory." Dryden and Pope reprimand the bad policies and offices held by their aristocratic superiors; Merrill uses these same devices to criticize the heterosexist establishment and its view of marriage.

Zackek, Barbara Maria. Censored Sentiments: Letters and Censorship in Epistolary Novels and Conduct Material. Newark: U of Delaware P, 1997.

Zimmerman, Sarah M. "Charlotte Smith's Lessons." In Approaches to Teaching British Women Poets of the Romantic Period, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (New York: MLA, 1997): 121-28.

Ziolkowski, Theodore. The Mirror of Justice: Literary Reflections of Legal Crises. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1997.

After an "Introduction" that discusses the origins and evolution of law as well as the dissociation of law and morality, Ziolkowski takes up Aeschylus, Njal's Saga, the role of Rome in codifying the law, the disenchantment with customary law, and the reception of Roman law in Germany. In a chapter titled "European Variations," he discusses Erasmus, More, and Rabelais. Chapters 8-12 discuss Antigone, The Merchant of Venice, Kleist's Critique of the Judicial System, Kafka and the law, and totalitarian law in the Soviet Union.

Lord Byron

Works: Collected, Selected, Single, Translated

Byron, George Gordon. Lord Byron: Selected Poetry. Ed. Jerome J. McGann. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997.

Byron, George Gordon. Ode to Napoleon Buonaparte and Don Juan Canto VIII and Stanzas from III and IX: Illustrating Byron's Attitudes Toward Napoleon, Wellington, and War. Ed. Cheryl Fallon Giuliano. New York: Garland, 1997.

Byron, George Gordon. Poemes. Ed. Florence Guilhot and Jean-Louis Paul. Paris: Ed. Allia, 1997.

Stephens, John Richard, ed. Vampires, Wine, & Roses. New York: Berkley Books, 1997.

Includes an excerpt of Byron's The Giaour.

"Where Daylight Fails." Parabola, 22 (1997): 83-84.

A collection of quotations, including a segment of Byron's poem "Darkness."

Wood, Hugh. Lines to Mr. Hodgson: Written on Board the Lisbon Packet by Lord Byron, Falmouth Roads, June 30, 1809: 30 March-11 April, 1988. London: Chester Music, 1997.

Musical score.

Books and Articles Relating to Byron

Adams, Bernard. "Some Lost Images of Byron." BJ 25 (1997): 101-3.

Auchincloss, Eric. "Byron's Weight." TLS 4896 (Jan. 31, 1997): 15.

Letter to the editor which describes Byron's height of 5 feet 8 1/2 inches as average for his time. Byron's weight fluctuated from 150 to 203 pounds.

Beevers, Robert. "George Sanders and the Byronic Image." Apollo 146 (Sept. 1997): 37-42.

Bidney, Martin. "Motsas for Lord Byron: The Judeo-British Literary Persona of Isaac Nathan." BJ 25 (1997): 60-71.

Bull, Cornelius. "Open Thy Byron." NYTBR (Jan. 5, 1997): 4.

Buss, Louis. The Luxury of Exile. London: J. Cape, 1997.

Cardwell, Richard. "Bloom, Bakhtin, and Byron's Don Juan." In Lord Byron the European: Essays from the International Byron Society, ed. Richard Cardwell (Lewiston, NY: Edward Mellen, 1997): 209-27.

Cardwell discusses Byron's use of dialogic discourse in Don Juan.

Cardwell, Richard, ed. Lord Byron the European: Essays from the International Byron Society. Lewiston, NY: Edward Mellen, 1997.

Essays by Thèrése Tessiére, Afrim Karagjozi, M. Byron Raizis, Martin Prochàzka, Werner Huber, Malcolm Kelsall, Caroline Franklin, Ghislaine McDayter, Roger Poole, and Richard A. Cardwell.

Carroll, Alicia. "The Giaour's Campaign: Desire and the Other in Felix Holt, the Radical." Novel 30 (1997): 237-58.



Christensen, Jerome. "Marino Faliero and the Fault of Byron's Satire." In The Plays of Lord Byron: Critical Essays, ed. Robert Gleckner and Bernard Beatty (Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 1997): 117-32.

Christie, William. "Byron and Francis Jeffrey." BJ 25 (1997): 32-43.

Christie, William. "Running with the English Hares and Hunting with the Scotch Bloodhounds." BJ 25 (1997): 23-31.

Clubbe, John. "Napoleon's Last Campaign and the Origins of Don Juan." BJ 25 (1997): 12-22.

Crompton, Louis. Byron & Greek Love: Homophobia in 19th Century England. Berkeley: U. of California P, 1985. Rept. Swaffham: GMP, 1998.

Dokou, Christina. "Androgyny's Challenge to the 'Law of the Father': Don Juan as Epic in Reverse." Mosaic 30.3 (1997): 1-19.

Douglass, Paul. "Playing Byron: Lady Caroline Lamb's Glenarvon and the Music of Isaac Nathan." ERR 8 (1997): 1-24.

Eggleton, David. "Satanic Majesty." New Zealand Listener (May 10, 1997): 46.

"After 200 years Byron still refuses to be cut down to size."

England, A. B. "Byron's Marino Faliero and the Force of Individual Agency." In The Plays of Lord Byron: Critical Essays, ed. Robert Gleckner and Bernard Beatty (Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 1997): 87-116.

Erdman, David V. "Byron's Stage Fright: The History of His Ambition and Fear of Writing for the Stage." In The Plays of Lord Byron: Critical Essays, ed. Robert Gleckner and Bernard Beatty (Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 1997): 5-32.

Evans, Greg. "Dealer's Choice." Variety (Apr. 14, 1997): 100.

Flake, Timothy H. "Byronic Heroism in the Island." BJ 25 (1997): 44-59.

Foot, Michael. "Labour's Ex-leader Speaks about Parliament, Tony Blair, Rupert Murdoch, and Byron. Interview." New Statesman (Jan. 10, 1997): 30-31.

Byron is "a cure for all modern ills" (31).

Franklin, Caroline. "Cosmopolitan Masculinity and the British Female Reader of Childe Harold's Pilgrimage." In Lord Byron the European: Essays from the International Byron Society, ed. Richard Cardwell (Lewiston, NY: Edward Mellen, 1997): 105-25.

Franklin concentrates on misogynist elements of cantos I and II of Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, while offering a reading of all four cantos of the work. In this important article, Franklin argues that "The poem's insistently masculinist focus, demonstrated in the gendered way it constructs the implied reader in both the epic quest and the interpolated lyrics, and in presenting as universal a definitively masculine poetic consciousness objectifying a female nature and a feminized Italy, testifies that the poet functions as an authority on Europe only insofar as he construes the feminine as oppositional" (124). Franklin argues that Byron's "republicanism was patriarchal in nature, assuming a leadership from the top down, determined by right of birth--in class and gender--as had appertained in the classical republics he idealized" (123). Franklin is nevertheless intrigued by the question of why Childe Harold appealed to, and continues to appeal to, a female readership (120), finding answers in the poem's publication history (its inclusion of the Thyrza lyrics).

Franklin, Caroline. "'My Hope Was to Bring Forth Heroes': The Two Foscari and the Fostering of Masculine Virtú by [a] Stoical Heroine." In The Plays of Lord Byron: Critical Essays, ed. Robert Gleckner and Bernard Beatty (Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 1997): 163-80.

Franklin, Caroline. "The Ups and Downs of the Don." Rev. of Byron's "Don Juan" and the Don Juan Legend, by Moyra Haslett. TLS (Dec. 5, 1997): 26.

Gleckner, Robert F., and Bernard Beatty, eds. The Plays of Lord Byron: Critical Essays. Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 1997.

Essays, some previously published, by Erdman, Kelsall, Knight, A. B. England, Christensen, McGann, Manning, Franklin, Wolfson, Eggenschweller, Hirst, McVeigh, Roston, Richardson, Robinson, and Watkins.

Goldweber, David E. "Byron, Catholicism, and Don Juan XVII." Renascence 49.3 (1997): 175-89.

Agrees with Bernard Beatty that the poem progresses towards "optimistic, albeit cautionary, faithfulness" (175) and his faithfulness is "a Catholic Christian one." Aurora is Byron's idealization of Catholicism (182).

Goode, Clement T. George Gordon, Lord Byron: A Comprehensive, Annotated Research Bibliography of Secondary Materials in English, 1973-1994. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow P, 1997.

Grimes, Kyle. "William Hone, John Murray, and the Uses of Byron." In Romanticism, Radicalism, and the Press, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt and Harriet Kramer Linkin (Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1997): 192-202.

Gross, Jonathan D., ed. Byron's "Corbeau Blanc": The Life & Letters of Lady Melbourne, 1751-1818. Houston: Rice UP, 1997.

Grosskurth, Phyllis. Byron: The Flawed Angel. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997.

Haslett, Moyra. Byron's "Don Juan" and the Don Juan Legend. Oxford: Clarendon P, 1997.

Hawkins, Ann Rachelle. "Order, Community, and Astarte: Revising Shakespeare in Byron's Manfred (William Shakespeare, Lord Byron, Poetry)." [Doctoral dissertation, U of Kentucky, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-09A (1997): 3537.

This dissertation suggests that the figure of Astarte in Byron's Manfred was inspired by intertextual as well as biographical sources. Hawkins looks at the relationship between Manfred and its Renaissance forebears, considering Shakespeare's Macbeth and The Tempest as sources for Byron's use of the magus, spirit realms, and destinies, and Hamlet as an inspiration for Manfred's soliloquies. Hawkins views Astarte as a reflection of "the relationship between the male-self and the female-other in the search for peace or reconciliation." Manfred is not so much a self-indulgent expression of Romantic angst as "a philosophical response to and profound expression of man's need for community."

Holland, Tom. Slave of My Thirst. New York: Pocket Books, 1997.

A novel based on Byron's life.

Holmes, Daryl Yvonne. "Byron's Women and Their Fictional Counterparts." [Doctoral dissertation, U of Southwestern Louisiana, 1997].

Huber, Werner. "Dead Poets Society: Byron, Postmodernism, and the Biographical Mode." In Lord Byron the European: Essays from the International Byron Society, ed. Richard Cardwell (Lewiston, NY: Edward Mellen, 1997): 75-90.

Discusses Amanda Prantera's Conversations with Lord Byron on Perversion, 163 Years after His Lordship's Death (1987) in light of the charge that biography is a "morally suspect genre" (76).

Ingersoll, Earl G. "Byron's Don Juan and the Postmodern." Forum for Modern Language Studies 33.4 (1997): 302-10.

Isaac, Peter. "Byron's Publisher and His 'Spy': Constancy and Change Among John Murray II's Printers, 1812-1831." The Library 19 (1997): 1-24.

Discusses printers used to publish the works of Austen, de Staël, and Byron. Thomas Davison, printer of the first two cantos of Childe Harold's Pilgrimage and other poems, earned his reputation by producing Scott's Arabian Nights (1811). Corrects emphasis of Smiles' biography of John Murray II; original archival research.

Jones, Christine Kenyon. "James Holmes and the Byron Circle." BJ 25 (1997): 83-88.

Karagjozi, Afrim. "The Albanian Byron." In Lord Byron the European: Essays from the International Byron Society, ed. Richard Cardwell (Lewiston, NY: Edward Mellen, 1997): 21-37.

Karagjozi discusses the Albanians' influence on Byron, the Albanian character in Byron's works, and Byron's influence on attracting such artists as Edward Lear, Léon Gérome, and Captain Poer Beresford to Albanian subjects.

Kelsall, Malcolm. "Byron and Wordsworth: European Cosmopolitanism and English Provincialism." In Lord Byron the European: Essays from the International Byron Society, ed. Richard Cardwell (Lewiston, NY: Edward Mellen, 1997): 91-103.

"This paper is a supplement to an essay contributed to the special issue on Romanticism and cultural history of Litteraria Pragensia in 1993." Kelsall explores the words "lake" and "ocean" as they represent a "sense of place" and "cosmopolitanism" respectively (92). He links the Wordsworthian and Byronic voices by examining Wordsworth's "The Solitary" (inspired by Voltaire), Byron's evocation of Lake Leman, and Byron's response to the "Prospectus" to the "Excursion." Kelsall draws interesting connections between sections of Childe Harold IV and Wordsworth's "She Was a Phantom of Delight," between the monastic ruins of Norman Abbey in Byron and the "stately House" in the "Excursion." "It is an indication of the complexity of this inner tension in Byron--his sense of proximity to Wordsworth's experience--that the attack on the Lakers in the Dedication of Don Juan was eventually suppressed. The poem (ultimately) comes to recognise a common object of desire: to return to a spiritual home" (101).

Kelsall, Malcolm. "Venice Preserved." In The Plays of Lord Byron: Critical Essays, ed. Robert Gleckner and Bernard Beatty (Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 1997): 33-68.

King, Valerie. The Poet's Kiss. New York: Kensington Publishing, 1997.

"The famous poet Lord Byron kissed Emily Longcliffe's wrist and gave her a secret message that leads her to a roguish rakehell named Kingsbridge who could help her find her cousin. Now, with Kingsbridge by her side, Emily begins to feel passionate longings she never knew existed. But will Kingsbridge continue to aid her cause without demanding payment in return? Or will he demand the complete surrender of her heart? A Regency romance original."

Knight, G. Wilson. "'Agonized Self-Conflict': Marino Faliero." In The Plays of Lord Byron: Critical Essays, ed. Robert Gleckner and Bernard Beatty (Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 1997): 69-87.

Knight, G. Wilson. "'Simple' and 'Bright': Sardanapalus." In The Plays of Lord Byron: Critical Essays, ed. Robert Gleckner and Bernard Beatty (Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 1997): 181-201.

LaChance, Charles. "Nihilism, Love, and Genre in Don Juan." KSR 11 (1997): 141-66.

LaChance argues that Peter Manning, Anne Mellor, Robert Gleckner, Jerome McGann, Jerome Christensen, Terence Hoagwood, Stuart Curran, and others have misread "Byron's nihility," confusing it with "liberal sentimentality or materialistic naturalism" (141). "This burlesque romance [Don Juan]--which paradoxically is gothically lewd--envisions the world as a lethally sexy hellhole in the form of a female lover. Such a lover is the irresistible pit Juan tumbles into en route to nihilism" (164).

Langford, Jeffrey. "The Byronic Berlioz: Harold en Italie and Beyond." Journal of Musicological Research 16.3 (1997): 199-221.

Lewis, Kevin. "Hibernia: Happenings; Dracula Still Has Us by the Throat." Irish America (Apr. 30, 1997): 23.

Discusses how Byron inspired Polidori's "The Vampyre."

Lloyd-Jones, Ralph. "His Life or His Living: Byron's Friend Bland." BJ 25 (1997): 89-101.

Mack, Anne, and Jay Rome. "Marxism, Romanticism, and Postmodernism." In Dialogue and Critical Discourse: Language, Culture, Critical Theory, ed. Michael Macovski (New York: Oxford UP, 1997): 174-92.

Cast in the form of a dialogue between Prof. J. and Prof. M., this article focuses on Byron's "Fare Thee Well!" and discusses the impact of McGann's Marxism and his response to de Man's critical practice. McGann's work presents "allegories--extended figures--of his social subject, the social text" (181).


MacKay, Mary Alice. "Sketch Club Drawings for Byron's 'Darkness' and Scott's 'Lay of the Last Minstrel.'" Master Drawings 35.2 (1997): 142-54.

Macovski, Michael. "'The Bard I Quote From': Byron, Bakhtin, and the Appropriation of Voices." In Dialogue and Critical Discourse: Language, Culture, Critical Theory, ed. Michael Macovski (New York: Oxford UP, 1997): 158-73.

McDayter, Ghislaine. "'What Do I Know of Vampires?': Byron, Diodati, and the Reproduction of Desire." In Lord Byron the European: Essays from the International Byron Society, ed. Richard Cardwell (Lewiston, NY: Edward Mellen, 1997): 127-47.

McGann, Jerome J. "'Studiously Greek': The Two Foscari." In The Plays of Lord Byron: Critical Essays, ed. Robert Gleckner and Bernard Beatty (Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 1997): 133-51.

Meyer, Sandy. The Strange Journey of Byron & Cyros: Exploratory Guide. Park City, NJ: Wood-in-the-Round Publishers, 1997.

Michael, Jean Catherine Vincent. "Shrines and Sacred Architecture in Childe Harold's Pilgrimage (Lord Byron)." [Doctoral dissertation, City U of New York, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-09A (1997): 3539.

"This dissertation demonstrates the importance of Byron's thematic usage of shrines and sacred architecture in the autobiographical Childe Harold's Pilgrimage." Michael invokes Donald Howard's theory of secular pilgrimage to compare Byron's comprehensive vision with Dante's and Michelangelo's. Michael takes issue with Shelley, Peacock, and critic Charles Robinson in their view that Byron's canto 4 of Childe Harold is nihilistic. The final chapter of this study examines the final cantos of Don Juan as a satire on Anglican architecture and explores how Byron made a shrine of himself by serving in the Greek War of Independence.

Morgan, Angela. "Byronism Undermined. . ." History Today 47.10 (1997): 33-34.

Neff, D. S. "Manfred and the Mac-Ivors." ANQ 10 (1997): 24-29.

Para, J. B. "On the Ruins of Missolonghi (From Byron to Delacroix, Poets and Painters Have Drawn Inspiration from This Place)." Europe Revue Litteraire Mensuelle 75.813 (1997): 240-42.

Paulin, Roger. "Some Remarks on the Occasion of the New Edition of the Works of Wilhelm Muller." MLR 92 (1997): 363-78.

"People, Places: The Season's Nonfiction Books Brim with Human Drama." Maclean's (June 23, 1997): 60-61.

Poole, Roger. "What Constitutes, and What Is External to, the 'Real' Text of Byron's Childe Harold's Pilgrimage: A Romaunt and Other Poems (1812)?" In Lord Byron the European: Essays from the International Byron Society, ed. Richard Cardwell, 149-207. Lewiston, NY: Edward Mellen, 1997.

Poole argues that Childe Harold is a "four-part text, of a peculiarly modern kind, in that all the four parts of the text inter-relate in a way which we can only call inter-textual" (150).

Prapassaree, Jeffrey Kramer. "Stoppard's Arcadia: Research, Time, Loss." Modern Drama, 40 (1997): 1-10.

Prochàzka, Martin. "Byron and Romantic Nationalism in Central Europe: The Case of Czechs and Slovaks." In Lord Byron the European: Essays from the International Byron Society, ed. Richard Cardwell (Lewiston, NY: Edward Mellen, 1997): 55-74.

The Czech revivalists worried that their most promising young poet, Karle Hynek Mácha, would follow Byron in his "excessive criticisms of Czech nationalism" (64). Publication of Mácha's chief work, the verse tale May, triggered debate concerning the "philosophical and ideological effects of Byronism" (65). Mácha was criticized as a follower of Byron and Hegel; his poetry was a direct "threat to the revivalist notions of culture and nationhood" (65). This essay seeks to show "how literature as a democratic institution can always resist the ideological manipulation of social life" (73).

Charting Josef Kajetán Tyl's (1808-1852) response to Byron in a satiric story titled Rozervanec (The Distracted Man, 1840), as well as the divergent responses of the "Left" and Orthodox Hegelians, Procházka shows that Czech nationalists did not reject Byron on the grounds of religious orthodoxy; for Tyl, Byronism represents a form of self-love which must be submerged in the greater cause of "the folk."

Raizis, M. Byron. "Byron's Greece: Ancient and Contemporary." In Lord Byron the European: Essays from the International Byron Society, ed. Richard Cardwell (Lewiston, NY: Edward Mellen, 1997): 39-54.

Raizis discusses Harold Nicolson's, William Hazlitt's, William Lisle Bowles', and Elizabeth Barrett Browning's responses to Byron's Philhellenism.

Roessel, David Ernest. "In Byron's Shadow: Modern Greece in English and American Literature from 1831 to 1914." [Doctoral dissertation, Princeton U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-01A, 0175.

This dissertation charts the history of modern Greece in English and American imaginative literature from its creation in the Romantic period until the start of the First World War. Roessel argues that Byron played a key role in fashioning modern conceptions of Greece. Due in large part to Byron's influence, "modern Greece was depicted in a state of evolution from the degradation of Turkish tyranny toward a revival of the golden era of the Classical past. This accounts for the general lack of interest in the actual development and politics of the Kingdom of Greece, a monarchy with a rather conservative Orthodox Christian clergy, and the continuation of the idea that liberation of more Greeks from the Turks would start a politically and socially (if not pagan) progressive movement both in Greece and beyond. Greece was persistently depicted as a politicized place, the site of battles over slavery and of East against West."

Sider, Sandra. "Bibliographic Note: 'Provenance Note: Womanly Accomplishments' (Tracing the Signature on the Flyleaf of the Pierpont Morgan Library Copy of Hebrew Melodies)." Rare Books & Manuscripts Librarianship 12 (1997): 35-36.

Simpson, Michael. "Byron's Cain at the Barbicon Centre, London (29th Nov. 1995 to 7th March 1996)." ERR 8 (1997): 41-46.

Tessiére, Thèrése. "Byron and the French Romantics." In Lord Byron the European: Essays from the International Byron Society, ed. Richard Cardwell (Lewiston, NY: Edward Mellen, 1997): 1-20.

Tessiére notes that France discovered Byron through English editions published by the Galignani brothers in their bookstore in the rue Vivienne, and through Amédée Pichot's prose translation, which made Byron's "works accessible to all classes of readers and soon became a standard text of reference" (6). If Stendhal and Mérimée were inspired by Byron's Turkish Tales and Childe Harold (7), Victor Hugo (Hernani) and Gérard de Nerval were inspired by the phenomenon of Byronism (9), as were Lamartine, Vigny, and Musset. Tessiére discusses Madame Louise Swanton-Belloc's "first book-length study of Byron," published in 1830; Benjamin Laroche's scholarly translation (1836-37), which ran to seven editions; and Byron's influence on Georges Sand, Alexandre Dumas, Hector Berlioz, and Théodore Géricault.

Vail, Jeffery. "'The Bright Sun Was Extinguish'd': The Bologna Prophecy and Byron's 'Darkness.'" WC 28.3 (1997): 183-92.

Valine, Luis Antonio de. El Burdel de Lord Byron: Una Novela Lirica. Barcelona: Planeta, 1997.

Wandling, Timothy John. "Byron, Agency, and Transgressive Eloquence: The Fate of Readers in Nineteenth Century British Literature (Lord Byron)." [Doctoral dissertation, Stanford U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-09A (1997): 3543.

Examines the impact of Byron on nineteenth-century readers. Initial chapter explores the fate of Byronic eloquence and examines the role of John Stuart Mill and other theorists in shaping conceptions of literary propriety; examines Percy and Mary Shelley's responses to Byron in The Masque of Anarchy and Frankenstein in terms of the relationship between authors and "real audience." The second half of this study focuses on Chartist and socialist literature; explores how Byronic eloquence affected the Chartist writer Thomas Cooper, "and discusses the way Charles Kingsley re-figures Cooper as a quietest poet in Alton Locke." William Morris and Thomas Hardy share with Byron an aesthetic of eloquence that "seeks to instigate in real readers politically transgressive responses."

Wilner, Joshua. "Drinking Rules! Byron and Baudelaire." Diacritics 27.3 (1997): 34-48.

Traces allusions to drinking in both poets; responds positively to Christensen's Lord Byron's Strength. A version of a paper formerly given at MLA in 1995.

Wilson, Frances, ed. Byromania: Portraits of the Artist in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Culture. Basingstoke and New York: Macmillan/St. Martin's P, 1997.

Wolfson, Susan J. "'A Problem Few Dare Imitate': Sardanapalus and 'Effeminate Character.'" In The Plays of Lord Byron: Critical Essays, ed. Robert Gleckner and Bernard Beatty (Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 1997): 201-32.

William Hazlitt and Leigh Hunt

Works: Collected, Selected, Single, Translated

Drnjevic, Jonathan Mark. "Leigh Hunt's 'The Book of Beginnings,' a Scholarly Edition (Poetry, Nineteenth Century)." [Doctoral dissertation, Arizona State U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-10A (1997): 3037.

Examines Hunt's poem "The Book of Beginnings," originally published in The Liberal, which shows his wide-ranging knowledge of poetry from classical Latin works to those of Dryden and Pope in the eighteenth century. A scholarly edition of "The Book of Beginnings," this dissertation uses the 1823 Liberal as copy-text. Includes transcription of manuscript material at the University of Iowa.

Guizot, Francois. The History of Civilization in Europe. Ed. William Hazlitt. New York: Penguin, 1997.

Edited by Hazlitt's son.

Books and Articles Relating to Hazlitt and Hunt

Barnard, John. "Charles Cowden Clarke and the Leigh Hunt Circle, 1812-1818." Romanticism 3.1 (1997): 66-90.

Burwick, Frederick. "Lamb, Hazlitt, and De Quincey on Hogarth." WC 28 (1997): 59-70.

"Exhibition Reviews." The Burlington Magazine 139 (1997): 633.

Round-up of exhibition on French art (British Museum; Waddington Galleries; Theo Waddington; Fine Art Society; Wolsey Fine Arts; Stoppenbach and Delestre; Hazlitt, Gooden & Fox; Browse and Darby; Neffe-Degandt).

Fredericksen, Andrea. "The Metropolitan Picturesque: Associating Ideas in Modern London." [Doctoral dissertation, U of California, Los Angeles, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-07A, 2427.

"The final chapter looks at Leigh Hunt's rambles to examine how his art of cultivating pleasant associations enabled him to use London's cityscape as his basic subject, but also allowed him to negotiate new meaning within this metropolitan order."

French, Sean. "Would Melvyn Bragg Be Willing to Have His Own Delightfully Proportioned Features Smashed in if Someone Else Found the Sight Picturesque?" New Statesman (July 18, 1997): 36.

A response to Melvyn Bragg's column (which defended boxing using examples of writers--including Hazlitt--who waxed lyrical on the subject).

Furbank, Philip Nicholas, and W. R. Owens. "The 'Lost' Continuation of Defoe's Resignée (With Appendix)." Eighteenth-Century Fiction 9 (1997): 299-308.

Discusses Hazlitt's edition of Resignée.

Garnett, Mark. "'One That Loved His Fellow Men': The Politics of Leigh Hunt." CLB 97.1 (Jan. 1997): 2-8.

Gelpi, Barbara Charlesworth. "King Cophetua and Coventry Patmore." VP 34 (1997): 477-92.

Compares a Hazlitt story with the life of Coventry Patmore.

Harling, Philip. "William Hazlitt and Radical Journalism." Romanticism 3.1 (1997): 53-65.

Jeffries, Stuart. "Arts: Two Thumbs Good? . . . Four Thumbs a Masterpiece?: Stuart Jeffries on the Death of Serious Criticism." Guardian (Sept. 6, 1997): 1:8.

Kramer, Hilton. "Critic's Notebook: William Hazlitt." Art & Antiques 14.10 (Oct. 1997): 102-3.

Lee, Eric McCauley. "'Titanus Redivivus': Titian in British Art Theory, Criticism, and Practice, 1768-1830." [Doctoral dissertation, Yale U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-07A (1997): 1134.

Though Reynolds' Discourses posited Venetian art as the Grand Style's antithesis, British artists continued to emphasize color while believing its use to be mechanical. This dissertation examines Titian as a model in British art theory, criticism, and practice from 1768 to 1830. William Blake denounced Venetian color and naturalism; Richard Payne Knight rejected academic art theory and formulated a color-oriented theory that placed Titian and the Venetians at the center of a new history of art; William Hazlitt formulated a color-oriented theory that recognized Titian, especially Titian the portraitist, as painting's greatest figure. "With Hazlitt, art theory finally accorded with British practice."

Mahoney, Charles. "Periodical Indigestion: Hazlitt's Unpalatable Politics." Romanticism and Conspiracy. A Romantic Circles electronic edition (Aug. 1997): <>.

McKie, David. "Sod's Law Strikes the Bookshelves." Guardian (Apr. 9, 1997): 1:19.

Discusses the essays of Hazlitt.

Newlin, Jon. "Death Prattle." Times-Picayune (July 13, 1997): D7.

Alludes to Hazlitt's essay on the fear of death.

Paulin, Tom. "Juices of the Mind--William Hazlitt and the Idea of the Unfinished." TLS (Oct. 10, 1997): 15-17.

John Keats

Works: Collected, Selected, Single, Translated

Keats, John. Poesia Completa. Trans. Arturo Sanchez. Ra. ed. bilingue. Barcelona: Ediciones 29, 1997.

Keats, John. Selected Poems=Poemes Choisis, ed. Albert Laffay. Paris: Aubier, 1997.

London Symphony Orchestra. Skyscrapers. Compact disc. Albany Records, 1997.

The third work on the CD is "a setting of a poem by Keats."

Mayer, William. Dream's End, Songs & Miniatures: Music for Brass and Winds. Compact disc. CHI, 1997.

"Eve of St. Agnes: for soloists, mixed chorus, and orchestra"; text by Keats.

Rosenberg, Liz, ed. Earth-Shattering Poems. New York: Henry Holt, 1997.

Includes poems by Keats.

Stephens, John Richard, ed. Vampires, Wine & Roses. New York: Berkley Books, 1997.

Includes "Lamia" by Keats.

Books and Articles Relating to Keats and His Circle

Arseneau, Mary. "Madeline, Mermaids, and Medusas in 'The Eve of St. Agnes.'" PLL 33 (1997): 227-43.

Aske, Martin. "Still Life with Keats." In Keats: Bicentenary Readings (Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP for the U of Durham, 1997): 129-43.

This essay responds to Ian Jack's Keats and the Mirror of Art (1967), which pointed out the importance of "visual art for Keats's poetry" (8). Aske responds to Michael Fried's Absorption and Theatricality: Painting and Beholder in the Age of Diderot (1980); he explains Keats' interest in the engravings of the Campo Santo frescoes: they both exclude and enchant the young poet. Aske also discusses Benjamin West's Death on a Pale Horse and Joseph Severn's portrait of "Keats reading," which serves "as a representation of the process of reading Keats" (O'Neill 9).

Bartlett, Thomas. "Put Down that Keats, Maggot!" Business Week (June 30, 1997): 42.

Discusses Dartmouth's business course for liberal-arts majors.

Bergon, Holly St. John. "John Keats in Colorado." Ploughshares 23 (1997): 142-43.


Bergquist, Barbara E. "John Keats: The 'Pleasure Thermometer' and 'The Eve of St. Agnes.'" In Romantics/Victorians: Studies in Nineteenth-Century British Poetry, Novel, and Art in Honor of Thomas Richard Sullivan, ed. Elisabeth Sanders Arbuckle. Rio Piedras, PR: Editorial Edil, Decanato de Estudios Graduados e Investigacion, Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1997.

Biswell, Andrew. "Menagerie of the Poet." Guardian (Sept. 25, 1997): 2:10.

Bolker, Joan, ed. The Writer's Home Companion: An Anthology of the World's Best Writing Advice, from Keats to Kunitz. New York: H. Holt and Co., 1997.

Bromwich, David. "Keats and the Aesthetic Ideal." The Yale Review 85.4 (1997): 140-45.

Cavaliero, Roderick. "A Swoon to Death, Keats's Debt to Italy." KSR 11 (1997): 41-52.

This lecture given at the Guildford Institute, University of Surrey (October 26, 1995), discusses the influence of Tasso's Jerusalem Liberated on Keats' "Ode to Apollo"; and of Cary's translation of Dante's Inferno and Milton's Paradise Lost on Keats' The Fall of Hyperion.

Cheuse, Alan. "Traces of Light: The Paradoxes of Narrative Painting and Pictorial Fiction." Antioch Review 55 (1997): 277-91.

Includes an examination of "Ode on a Grecian Urn."

Christie, William. "Intimations of Immortality in Swift and Keats: A Note." RES 48 (1997): 501-3.

Daruwala, Maeck H. "Strange Bedfellows: Keats and Wollstonecraft, 'Lamia' and Berwick." KSR 11 (1997): 83-132.

"While the metrical craft of 'Lamia' owes much to Dryden and the outlines of its story come from Burton, its substance suggests a saturation in A Vindication of the Rights of Women; Keats also made use of Edward Berwick's 1809 The Life of Apollonius of Tyana, Translated from the Greek of Philostratus."

Dean, Dennis R. "Some Quotations in Keats's Poetry." PQ 76 (1997): 69-85.

Dean, William J. "Portrait of Encouragement." Christian Science Monitor (June 11, 1997): 16.

Dubovsky, H. "Hilton's Rest and Pain, Guy's Hospital Personalities and Guy's South African Rugby Connection." South African Medical Journal 87 (1997): 898-900.

Discusses Keats' connection to Guy's Hospital.

Edgecombe, Rodney Stenning. "Keats's Ode 'To Autumn,' Ovid, and Homer." N&Q 44 (1997): 333-34.

Suggests influence of Ovid's Metamorphoses and Chapman's translation of the Odyssey (book 7) on Keats' ode. Ovid uses "adverbs of recurrence to suggest a frequentative ritual," while Homer describes an ideal garden that influenced Keats' description of extremes of cold and warmth in the first line of the poem.

Faith, Simon. "John Keats vs. Bob Dylan: Why Value Judgments Matter." Chronicle of Higher Education (Mar. 14, 1997): A.

Fattorosi, Louis J., and Robert R. Brown, illus. The Golden Lyre: Plays & Satire. 2nd ed. Lakewood: Viminal Books, 1997.

Prometheus Unvanquished recalls Keats' fragments. The prefaces, essays in criticism, "effectively counter modernist clichés."

Faults, Sebastian. "Ode to Rack and Ruin." Guardian (Feb. 4, 1997): 2:4.

Forni, Kathleen. "The Swindling of Chaucerians and the Critical Fate of 'The Floure and the Leafe.'" Chaucer Review 31 (1997): 379-400.

Discusses how Pope and Keats canonized Chaucer's poem "The Floure and the Leafe."

Goodman, Allegra S. "Virtuous Philosopher and Chameleon Poet: The Shakespeare of Samuel Johnson and John Keats." [Doctoral dissertation, Stanford U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-07A (1997): 2667.

Interprets Keats' violent reaction to Johnson's reading of Shakespeare; argues for a "dialectic between Johnson's and Keats' opposing interpretations of Shakespeare" and traces the influence of this dialectic on Shakespeare criticism from the nineteenth century until the present. Contrasts Johnson's view that Shakespeare's work is valuable for its moral truths with Keats' belief that Shakespeare's work "is valuable for its transcendently beautiful language."

Hirsch, Edward. "A Hand, and Hook, a Prayer." American Poetry Review 26 (1997): 17-21.

Focuses on Keats' "This Living Hand, Now Warm and Capable," James Wright's "Hook," and Charles Baudelaire's "A Une Heure du Matin."

Jones, Anne Hudson. "Literature and Medicine: Physician-Poets." The Lancet 349:9047 (Jan. 25, 1997): 275-78.

Includes discussion of Keats as physician-poet, contrasting him with William Carlos Williams, Robert Bridges, Miroslav Holub, Dannie Abse, and John Stone.

Keates, Jonathan. "Here Writes One Whose Name Is Writ in Water." Spec (Sept. 27, 1997): 49.

Author discusses problems and expectations he encounters because his name is so similar to that of John Keats.

Kempinski, Tom. "John Keats V Bob Dylan: The Judge's Verdict." Plays and Players (Feb. 1997): 20-21.

Kiss, Erika Anita. "Coincidentia Oppositorum: A Rhetorical Theory of Literature (Poetry, Coincidence, Metaphor, Figure)." [Doctoral dissertation, Harvard U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-09A (1997): 3513.

Follows Aristotle, Nietzsche, and Kierkegaard in arguing that "the language employed in literature does not aim at representation but rather at persuasion." Presents a new rhetorical theory of literature marked by anti-Platonism. Close readings of Milton, Shakespeare, Rilke, Nietzsche, Baudelaire, Wordsworth, and Keats.

Lara, Adair. "A Lot of Knowledge Is Dangerous Too." San Francisco Chronicle (Oct. 9, 1997): E10.


Mauer, Barbara Diane. "Yellow Afternoons along the Hilo Coast (Original Writing, Poetry, Brigit Peegen Kelly)." [M.A. Thesis, Mississippi State U, 1997], MAI, 35-06 (1997): 1606.

McCarthy, Patrick A. "Allusions in Ballard's 'The Drowned World.'" Science-Fiction Studies 24 (1997): 302-10.

McGarry, Eugene P. "Incarnation and Intertextuality in Faulkner's Major Novels." [Doctoral dissertation, U of Pennsylvania, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-07A (1997): 2657.

Discusses the relationship between Faulkner's Light in August and Keats' "Ode on a Grecian Urn" in terms of fictional constructions of race and gender. "Faulkner's female Christ figures--Caddy Compson in The Sound and the Fury, Addie Bundren in As I Lay Dying, and Temple Drake in Sanctuary--suffer metaphorical crucifixion when they violate the written and unwritten laws of patriarchy, while his mulatto Christs--Joe Christmas in Light in August and Charles Bon in Absalom, Absalom!--suffer for circumventing the segregational practices codified in Jim Crow legislation."

Moore, Geoffrey. Great English Poets: John Keats. New York: Random House, 1997.

Mori, Masaki. Epic Grandeur: Toward a Comparative Poetics of the Epic. Albany: SUNY P, 1997.

Compares Keats' Fall of Hyperion and Miyazawa Kenji's Ginga Tetsudo no Yoru.

Motion, Andrew. Keats. London: Faber and Faber, 1997.

Mullan, John. "A Slow Death in a Short Life as John Keats 'Biographise Himself,' What More Is There to Be Said?" Guardian (Sept. 25, 1997): 2:11.

Najarian, James. "'Curled Minion, Dancer, Coiner of Sweet Words': Keats, Dandyism, and Sexual Indeterminacy in Sohrab and Rustum." VP 35 (1997): 23-42.

Nye, Naomi Shihab. "Keats in Burns Country Etcetera." In The Writer's Journal: 40 Contemporary Authors and Their Journals, ed. Sheila Bender. New York: Delta, 1997.

O'Neill, Michael. "Introduction." In Keats: Bicentenary Readings (Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP for the U of Durham, 1997): 1-10.

Lucid, historically contextualized summaries of the contents of the volume. I have drawn on O'Neill's introduction for my summaries of individual contributors.

O'Neill, Michael. "Keats's Poetry: 'The Reading of an Ever-Changing Tale.'" In Keats: Bicentenary Readings (Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP for the U of Durham, 1997): 102-28.

Keats' relevance resides in the way "his wholehearted pursuit of poetic excellence is crossed (though never deflected) by a fear that poetry may itself be 'a mere Jack a lanthern'" (106). The drama of "Ode to a Nightingale" has much to do with Keats' sense of the burden of imaginative experience; "Ode on Indolence" exlores "the poet's wish not to be stirred out of an 'indolence' at once fruitless and potentially fertile" (8). O'Neill argues that there is "a complicatedly unknowing element in Keats' knowingness and a hauntingly conscious dimension to his work at its most raptly self-forgetful" (8).

O'Neill, Michael, ed. Keats: Bicentenary Readings. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP for the U of Durham, 1997.

This volume attempts to reassess the direction of Keats criticism in light of Jerome McGann's important article, "Keats and the Historical Method in Literary Criticism" (Modern Language Notes, 1979); Paul H. Fry's and Vincent Newey's responses; Margaret Homans' "Keats Reading Women, Women Reading Keats" (Studies in Romanticism, 1990), which explored gender-based approaches to his poetry; Marjorie Levinson's Keats's Life of Allegory: The Origins of a Style (1988); John Barnard's John Keats (1987); Nicholas Roe's Keats and History (1995); and Andrew Bennett's Keats, Narrative and Audience: The Posthumous Life of Writing (1994). "The reader of the collection will, I hope, get a revitalised understanding of where major aspects of Keats criticism have reached and are heading in the 1990s" (3). Essays by Michael O'Neill, Nicholas Roe, Fiona Robertson, David B. Pirie, J. R. Watson, Gareth Reeves, Martin Aske, and Timothy Webb.

Pirie, David B. "Old Saints and Young Lovers: Keats's Eve of St. Mark and Popular Culture." In Keats: Bicentenary Readings (Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP for the U of Durham, 1997): 49-70.

"Watchers in a church porch or churchyard" are "given a ghostly vision of those who were to die during the following year" (5). The heroine (Bertha) of Eve. of St. Mark "may have cheated herself by contemplating only this one superstition, blinding herself to numerous other far jollier traditions" (57) associated with St. Mark's Eve.

Reed, Mary. "Autumn Verse." Weatherwise 50.5 (1997): 37.

Reed discusses why autumn is her favorite season; presents excerpts of ode "To Autumn."

Reed, W. L. "Soul Making: Art, Therapy, and Theology in Keats, Hillman, and Bakhtin." Religion and Literature 29 (1997): 145.

Reeves, Gareth. "The Inward Keats: Bloom, Vendler, Stevens." In Keats: Bicentenary Readings (Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP for the U of Durham, 1997): 88-101.

Reeves is concerned with the "American reception of Keats" in the light of the "strong post-Romantic strain" (88) in American poetry (and criticism) this century (7). He discusses Wallace Stevens' Keatsian inheritance and considers "Sunday Morning" as standing "at a cerebral distance from Keats' 'Ode on a Grecian Urn'" (96). Reeves is concerned with the "inward" Keats defined by American critics Harold Bloom and Helen Vendler.

Robertson, Fiona. "Keats's New World: An Emigrant Poetry." In Keats: Bicentenary Readings (Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP for the U of Durham, 1997): 27-48.

This essay considers Amy Clampitt's "Voyages: A Homage to John Keats," in What the Light Was Like (1985), which discusses the importance to Keats of "the/still unimagined West" ("The Elgin Marbles"). Robertson explores Keats' writings about America, focusing on his letters to George and Georgiana Keats after their emigration to America; "On First Looking into Chapman's Homer"; and "What can I do to drive away/Remembrance from my eyes." Robertson suggests that "the Keats who describes a disagreeably down-market United States is not immediately recognisable as the radical of recent critical reinvention" (27).

Roe, Nicholas. "A Cockney Schoolroom: John Keats at Enfield." In Keats: Bicentenary Readings (Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP for the U of Durham, 1997): 11-26.

Roe argues that Clarke's "Recollections of John Keats" plays down the "political and religious dissent" (12) of Enfield School. Keats was not the "uneducated and flimsy stripling" he was represented as being by Blackwood's, a myth refined by Shelley in Adonais. Keats' "boyish incapacity for the world" (13) has led to readings of his poetry that stress its lack of interest in politics and history (3).

Roe, Nicholas. John Keats and the Culture of Dissent. Oxford: Clarendon P, 1997.

Overturns received ideas about Keats as a poet of "beauty" and "sensuousness," highlighting the political perspectives of his works. Offers new research about Keats' early life that opens new perspectives on his poetry.

Rudanko, Martti Juhani. Linguistic Analysis and Text Interpretation: Essays on the Bill of Rights and on Keats, Shakespeare, and Dreiser. Lanham, MD: UP of America, 1997.

Said, Edward. "From Silence to Sound and Back Again: Music, Literature, and History." Raritan 17:2 (Fall 1997): 1-21.

Discusses Keats' "Ode on a Grecian Urn" as a debate between sound and silence and compares this with themes developed in John Cage's Silence (1961). Cage's "anarchic sense of humor was put to the service of an anti-aesthetic: the idea was to free music from the authoritarianism of Wagner and Schonberg, and to put silence on an equal footing with sound."

Severn, Joseph. From the Life: Joseph Severn to John Taylor, 21 January 1825. New Rochelle, NY: J.L. Weil, 1997.

Transcript of a letter and a reproduction of a deathbed portrait of Keats.

Stillinger, Jack. "Multiple Readers, Multiple Texts, Multiple Keats." JEGP 96 (1997): 545-66.

Sullivan, K. E. Keats: Truth and Imagination. New York: Harvill P, 1997.

For young adults.

Wallace, Jennifer. "Keats." In Lives of the Great Romantics II: Keats, Coleridge, and Scott by Their Contempories, ed. John Mullan, Jennifer Wallace, Ralph Pite, and Fiona Robertson. Brookfield, Vt.: Pickering & Chatto, 1997.

Ward, David. "Keats Softly, Softly Lays Down the Law: David Ward Finds Council Turning to Poetry to Keep Its Parks in Order." Guardian (Feb. 18, 1997): 5.

Watson, J. R. "Keats and Silence." In Keats: Bicentenary Readings. (Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP for the U of Durham, 1997): 71-87.

Watson explores "silence" as a trope in "On the Grasshopper and Cricket," "On First Looking into Chapman's Homer," Hyperion, and "Ode on a Grecian Urn." In these and other works, Keats struggles to "overcome the silence that is itself a form of burial" (76). Watson makes use of Nina Coltart's diagnosis of "the silent patient syndrome" (72).

Webb, Timothy. "'Cutting Figures': Rhetorical Strategies in Keats's Letters." In Keats: Bicentenary Readings (Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP for the U of Durham, 1997): 144-69.

Webb discusses the experience of reading Keats' letters. He responds to Lionel Trilling's 1951 essay "The Poet as Hero: Keats in His Letters" and Christopher Ricks' Keats and Embarrassment (1974). "Perhaps we know Keats's letters so well that we have forgotten how to read them" (144), Webb asserts. He argues for Keats' "self-awareness" (149) and shows how the poet can "assert the imaginative liberty of the writer and, at the same time...demonstrate its limitations" (167).


Percy and Mary Shelley

Works: Collected, Selected, Single, Translated

Adamson, Carlene A., ed. The Witch of Atlas Notebook: A Facsimile of Bodleian Ms. Shelley Adds. E.6. Vol. 5 of The Bodleian Shelley Manuscripts. New York: Garland, 1997.

"Including Early Drafts of The Witch of Atlas, 'Ode to Liberty'...Together with Other Poems, Prose, and Notes."

Barratt, Carol. Six "Songs" for Singing: Baritone and Piano. London: Boosey & Hawkes, 1997.

"Song: A Widow Bird Sate Mourning," words by Percy Shelley.

Crook, Nora, and Timothy Webb, eds. The Faust Draft Notebook: A Facsimile of Bodleian Ms. Shelley Adds. E.18: Including Drafts of Scenes from the Faust of Goethe, Ginevra, Scenes from the Magico Prodigioso of Calderón, Fragments of an Unfinished Drama, Lines--When the Lamp Is Shattered, From the Arabic, A Lament (O World! O Life! O Time), With a Guitar, To Jane, and Miscellaneous Fragments of Verse and Prose. Vol. 19 of The Bodleian Shelley Manuscripts. New York: Garland, 1997.

Grant, John, ed. Frankenstein. London: Usborne Publishing, Ltd., 1997.

Young adult fiction.

Reiman, Donald H., and Michael O'Neill, eds. Fair-Copy Manuscripts of Shelley's Poems in European and American Libraries: Including Percy Bysshe Shelley's Holographs and Copies in the Hand of Mary W. Shelley, located in the United States, England, Scotland, Ireland, and Switzerland, as well as the Holograph Draft of Keats's Robin Hood. Vol. 7 of The Manuscripts of the Younger Romantics. New York: Garland, 1997.

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. Frankenstein. Classics Illustrated Study Guides Series. New York: Acclaim Books, 1997.

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. Frankenstein. Ed. Robert Blaisdell. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, 1997.

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. Frankenstein. Ed. Steve Parker. Bonneuil-les-Eaux, France: Gamma, 1997.

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. Frankenstein. Read by James Black. Audiocassette. Modern Library Audio, 1997.

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. Frankenstein, ou Le Promethee Moderne. Ed. Jacques Bergier and Joe Curvorst. Paris: Librairie Générale Francaise, 1997.

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. Lodore. Ed. Lisa Vargo. Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview P, 1997.

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. Mary Shelley's "The Last Man," A Hypertext Edition of the Novel, ed. Steven E. Jones. <>.

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. Mary Shelley's "The Mortal Immortal," A Hypertext Edition of the Story. Ed. Michael Laplace-Sinatra.>.

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. Valperga, or, The Life and Adventures of Castruccio, Prince of Luca. Ed. Stuart Curran. New York: Oxford UP, 1997.

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. Valperga, ou, La Vie et les aventures de Castruccio Castracani Prince de Lucques. Ed. Nicole Berry. Lausanne: L'Age d'Homme, 1997.

Shelley, Percy Bysshe. Prometeo Slegato. Torino: G. Einaudi, 1997.

Includes C. Pavese's translations as facing text to the original.

Weinberg, Alan Mendel, and Donald H. Reiman, eds. A Facsimile & Full Transcript of Bodleian Mss. Shelley Adds. D.6: Including Fair Copies for A Philosophical View of Reform and Other Extant Writings; Pt. 2, A Facsimile and Full Transcript of Bodleian Ms. Shelley Adds. C.5, including . . . Chained, Dante's First Canzone from The Convivio, and Ypsilanti's Cry of War to the Greeks, Mary Shelley's Brief "Life of Shelley" and Other Writings. Vol. 22 of The Bodleian Shelley Manuscripts. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1997.

Books and Articles Relating to the Shelleys and Their Circle

Acosta, Ana Mercedes. "Revolutionary Visions: Between Genesis and Utopia (Mary Shelley, John Milton, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Mary Wollstonecraft)." [Doctoral dissertation, Columbia U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-04A (1997): 1266.

This dissertation argues that the reading materials of Frankenstein's Monster--Paradise Lost; Rousseau's childhood favorite, Plutarch's Lives; and Werther--are "a primer of Enlightenment literature." Mary Shelley's novel offers "a sustained critique of the Enlightenment use of Genesis to legitimate secular goals." Milton's Paradise Lost converts Genesis into a national epic, and Rousseau's Discourse on Inequality also recasts Genesis. Acosta argues that "Frankenstein critiques the Enlightenment emphasis on instrumental thought and science as a way of coming to terms specifically with the problem of origin."

Actes du Colloque "Frankenstein" Litterature/Cinema. Liege, Belgium: Editions de Cefal, 1997.

Arditi, Neil. "Shelley's 'Adonais' and the Literary Canon." Rewritten 17 (1997): 121-39.

Discusses Shelley's response to the death of Keats, the Gospel of Luke, religion, suicide, and atheism, with an account of his definition of poetry in Defence of Poetry, and his appropriation of and response to Plato. "Keats had accused Shelley of promoting moral philosophy in the guise of a poet," Arditi argues. "The accusation is exaggerated but accurate enough" (136). Keats argued that Shelley, the outspoken atheist, is in fact too religious.

Artmann, Hans Carl. Gesammelte Prosa. Salzburg: Residenz Verlag, 1997.

Austin, Timothy R. "Narrative Transmission: Shifting Gears in Shelley's 'Ozymandias.'" In Dialogue and Critical Discourse: Language, Culture, Critical Theory, ed. Michael Macovski (New York: Oxford UP, 1997): 29-46.

Combines "discourse theory" with "some straightforward, sentence-level syntactic analysis and some Jakobsonian discussion of formal patterning" to read Shelley's sonnet in a new way.

Baldridge, Mary Humphrey. Genesis: The Mary Shelley Play. Toronto: Playwrights Canada P, 1997.

Bennett, Betty T. "Editing Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley: A Bicentenary Review." KSJ 46 (1997): 23-27.

Bennett, Betty T. "Newly Uncovered Letters and Poems by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley ("It was my birthday and it pleased me to tell the people so---"). KSJ 46 (1997): 51-74.

Benoit, Madhu. "'Scatter My Words among Mankind.'" KSR 11 (1997): 53-82.

Explores how Shelley's Masque of Anarchy and his theory of spiritual regeneration influenced Mahatma Gandhi. Benoit challenges assumptions that Gandhi was not well-read in literature. "His general reading [in Yeravda prison at Poona] included Scott, Ben Jonson, William James' Varieties of Religious Experience, Wells' Outline of History, Kipling, and Goethe's Faust (67). Gandhi quoted from Prometheus Unbound during the first movement of India's civil disobedience (1921), and from The Masque of Anarchy to criticize China's armed resistance of Japanese invasions.

Bernheim, Cathy. Mary Shelley: La Jeune Fille et le Monstre: Biographie. Paris: Editions du Felin, 1997.

Berry, Nicole. Mary Shelley: Du Monstre au Sublime. Lausanne: L'Age d'Homme, 1997.

Bierbaum, Tom. "Promos Can't Bring Frankenstein to Life." Variety (Nov. 10, 1997): 24.

Binfield, Kevin. "Demonology, Ethos, and Community in Cobbett and Shelley." In Romanticism, Radicalism, and the Press, ed. Stephen C. Behrendt (Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1997): 157-69.

Binfield, Kevin. "'May They Be Divided Never': Ethics, History, and the Rhetorical Imagination in Shelley's 'The Coliseum.'" KSJ 46 (1997): 125-48.

Braunstein, Florence. Humain, Inhumain: Médée de Sénèque; "Frankenstein" de Mary Shelley; où le Souvenir d'Enfance de Georges Perec. Paris: A. Colin/Masson, 1997.

Brigham, Linda. "Rethinking the Early Shelley--A Response." In Early Shelley: Vulgarisms, Politics, and Fractals, ed. Neil Fraistat. A Romantic Circles electronic edition (Aug. 1997): <>.

Bunnell, Charlene E. "Mathilda: Mary Shelley's Romantic Tragedy." KSJ 46 (1997): 75-96.

Carter, Bill. "X-Files Tries Frankenstein." New York Times (Nov. 19, 1997): B6.

Carter, Bill. "X-Files Vs. a Monster." New York Times (Nov. 5, 1997): B3.

Conger, Syndy M., Frederick S. Frank, and Gregory O'Dea, eds. Iconoclastic Departures: Mary Shelley after "Frankenstein": Essays in Honor of the Bicentenary of Mary Shelley's Birth. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 1997.

Conner, Kim S. "The University of Victoria Beckett Festival." Theatre Journal 49.2 (1997): 240-43.

Cooper, Stephen R. The Diary of Victor Frankenstein. New York: DK Ink, 1997.

Costello, Julie Ann. "Romanticism and Maternity: Mothers 'On Trial' in the Late Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries." [Doctoral dissertation, U of Notre Dame, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-05A (1997): 1718.

Discusses recent feminist and postcolonial approaches to Romanticism including the changing nature of the mother-child bond in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Draws on German aesthetic theory and philosophy, Scottish political history, and Irish cultural history to discuss conflicts associated with motherhood and maternal sympathy as portrayed in works by Friedrich Schlegel, Percy Shelley, Maria Edgeworth, and Walter Scott. Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary Shelley, Joanna Baillie, Felicia Hemans, and Anna Letitia Barbauld "play important, though less central, roles in this study." Discussions of Percy and Mary Shelley.

Crisman, William. "'Now Misery Has Come Home': Sibling Rivalry in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein." SIR 36 (1997): 27-41.

Crook, Nora. "Editing Mary Shelley: The Pickering & Chatto Edition." KSJ 46 (1997): 28-35.

Curran, Stuart. "Frankenstein: The Pennsylvania Electronic Edition." KSJ 46 (1997): 44-50.

Donawerth, Jane. Frankenstein's Daughters: Women Writing Science Fiction. Syracuse: Syracuse UP, 1997.

Dretzka, Gary. "House That Frank Built." Chicago Tribune (Nov. 2, 1997): 11:5.

Edgecombe, Rodney Stenning. "'Creative Unbundling': Henry IV Parts I and II and Shelley's 'Ode to the West Wind.'" KSR 11 (1997): 133-40.

Discusses the relationship between between dramatic source and ode: "a memorable constellation of words, floating as a potentiality in the mind of the poet, has under pressure of a similar situation (the description of an imminent storm) been reconfigured and amplified."

Ethier, Marc. "First Reading Assignments for Freshmen Aim to Promote Tolerance and Critical Thinking." The Chronicle of Higher Education (Aug. 8, 1997): A41.

Feay, Suzi. "Shelley: The World Should Listen Now." New Statesman (Apr. 4, 1997): 45.

Florescu, Radu. In Search of Frankenstein: Exploring the Myths behind Mary Shelley's Monster. Jersey City: Parkwest Publications, 1997.

Fraistat, Neil. "Introduction: The Return of the 'Wild Boy'; or, Reading Early Shelley." In Early Shelley: Vulgarisms, Politics, and Fractals, ed. Neil Fraistat. A Romantic Circles electronic edition (Aug. 1997): <>.

Fraistat, Neil, ed. Early Shelley: Vulgarisms, Politics, and Fractals. A Romantic Circles electronic edition (Aug. 1997): <>.

Includes "Introduction: The Return of the 'Wild Boy'; or, Reading Early Shelley," by Neil Fraistat; "Shelley Comes of Age: His Early Poems as an Editorial Experience," by Donald H. Reiman; "Young Shelley," by William Keach; "Queen Mab as Topological Repertoire," by Timothy Morton; and "Rethinking the Early Shelley--A Response," by Linda Brigham.>.

Fraser, Russell. "Remembering Shelley." Iowa Review 27 (1997): 120-25.

Fuller-Johnson, Edith Scott. "Cold Hearts and Glass Eyes: Machine Tropes in Nineteenth Century British Literature." [Doctoral dissertation, Georgia State U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-02A (1997): 463.

Focuses primarily on Victorian society: "people tended to emulate the machines that had so altered their social strata, finances, and politico-religious concerns." Discusses Newton's mechanistic world view and its influence on steam engines, cotton and textile mills, and locomotives as patterns for characters in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Jane Austen's Sense and Sensibility, Dickens' Bleak House and Hard Times, and Eliot's The Mill on the Floss.

Garbin, Lidia. "The Fortunes of Perkin Warbeck: Walter Scott in the Writings of Mary Shelley." RoN 6 (May 1997): <>.

Gilbert, Matthew. "X-Files Meets Frankenstein." Boston Globe (Nov. 29, 1997): D26.

Gladden, Samuel Lyndon. "Cartographizing Seduction: Mapping the Political in Percy Shelley's Erotic Narratives." [Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-07A (1997): 2667.

Explores "political engagements within the seemingly apolitical reaches of the erotic narrative" in "Swellfoot the Tyrant," The Cenci, "Julian and Maddalo," Epipsychidion, Laon and Cythna, and Prometheus Unbound. Shelley and his inheritors stage the erotic as a device for renegotiating power and privilege, so that every context in which the erotic figures must be understood as a resolutely political one.

Glaister, Dan. "How Cinema Turned a Monster Hit into a Horror Story." Guardian (Sept. 13, 1997): 7.

Glickman, Steven Ross. "Forbidden Texts: The Ambivalence of Knowledge and Writing in Horror Fiction from Mary Shelley to Stephen King (H. P. Lovecraft)." [Doctoral dissertation, U of Colorado at Boulder, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-07A (1997): 2647.

Defines a "forbidden text" as a work "whose perusal is subject to prohibitions." Discusses Shelley's Frankenstein, H. P. Lovecraft's "The Call of Cthulhu" and Stephen King's It. Focuses on the disappearance of Victor Frankenstein's diary, briefly referred to twice. Theoretical framework based on Sigmund Freud's Totem & Taboo, Bruce Kawin's The Mind of the Novel, and Mikhail Bakhtin's Rabelais and His World.

Goodman, Dickie. Greatest Fables. Compact disc. Hot Production, 1997.

Includes two songs: "Frankenstein of '59" and "Frankenstein Returns."

Gose, Ben. "A Class at Mount Holyoke College Uses Frankenstein as a Tool for Teaching Students Multimedia Techniques." The Chronicle of Higher Education (Apr. 18, 1997): A24.

Haddad, Emily Jane. "Orientalist Poetics: The Islamic Middle East in Nineteenth-Century English and French Poetry." [Doctoral dissertation, Harvard U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-05A, 1696.

This dissertation discusses "two long narrative poems--Percy Shelley's The Revolt of Islam and Robert Southey's Thalaba the Destroyer--which appear to follow the letter of the classical law but vigorously attack its spirit. Other poems, including Victor Hugo's Les Orientales and its parody, Alfred de Musset's dramatic poem Namouna, use the Orient to make a direct assault on representation itself."

Haines, Simon. Shelley's Poetry: The Divided Self. Basingstoke and New York: Macmillan/St. Martin's P, 1997.

This book is intended for a "general reader" and takes seriously Hazlitt's "adverse criticisms" of Shelley's work. It avoids a new historical approach to Shelley, treating him as a poet rather than as a "political radical, a cad, or a metaphysician." Chapter 1 discusses Shelley's reputation in England in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries; chapter 2 discusses Shelley's views of poetry; chapter 3 treats Queen Mab, Alastor, "Mont Blanc," and other poems; chapter 4 discusses "Julian and Maddalo" and "Ode to the West Wind"; and chapters 5 and 6 treat Prometheus Unbound, Epipsychidion, Adonais, and The Triumph of Life.

Hetherington, Naomi. "Creator and Created in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein." KSJ 11 (1997): 1-40.

Hetherington reads Shelley's novel allegorically, arguing that allegorical meanings "pervade Enlightenment and post-Enlightenment literature. The tradition feeds into the poetic narratives of Shelley, Byron and the Lake Poets, and the novels of Mary's father, William Godwin." Using the 1818 text, Hetherington explores the possibility that "Mary's story began as a narrative comment on the contemporary pubic debate regarding scientific materialism and the Christian concept of a pre-existent immortal soul" (4). Her novel is a short satire of John Abernathy's belief that the power which animates animals resists abstraction from matter (Abernathy, president of London's Royal College of Surgeons, was the teacher of William Lawrence, the Shelleys' physician and personal friend).

Hivet, Christine. Voix de Femmes: Roman Feminin et Condition Feminine de Mary Wollstonecraft à Mary Shelley. Paris: Presses de L'Ecole Normales Superieure, 1997.

Hopkins, Lisa. "Memory at the End of History: Mary Shelley's The Last Man. RoN 6 (May 1997): <>.

Howard, John Sebastian. "Romantic Dialectic and the Politics of the Subject (Romanticism, Literary Theory, William Blake, Percy Bysshe Shelley)." [Doctoral dissertation, St. Louis U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-08A (1997): 3143.

Describes "a romantic subjectivity unfettered by the ideals of a guiding consciousness."

Jenkins, Mark. "Half Japanese." Washington Post (May 23, 1997): WW19.

Jones, Angela Dawn. "More than Pedestrian: Women Travelers, Self-Representation, and English Romantic Tourism." [Doctoral dissertation, U of Rochester, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-04A (1997): 1292.

"This study examines how popular eighteenth and nineteenth century methods of depicting nature shaped women travelers' self-representations. Ann Radcliffe, Mary Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft, and Dorothy Wordsworth traveled and recorded their experiences on the road as tourism was being more widely practiced and discussed by Britons than ever before. Travelogues offer valuable insight into the way post-romantic formulations of romantic self-representation have been largely based upon a model of identity unavailable to most women in the period."

Jones, Angela Dawn. "Romantic Women Travel Writers and the Representation of Everyday Experience." Women's Studies 26.5 (1997): 497-521. "Special Issue: Women and Travel."

Discusses Mary Wollstonecraft, Ann Radcliffe, and Mary Shelley and relates them to Burke's Philosophical Inquiry into the Origins of the Sublime and the Beautiful (1757); discusses Radcliffe's A Journey Made in the Summer of 1794.

Jones, Anne Hudson. See No. 510.

Briefly discusses Shelley's "Hymn of Apollo" for its insight into the relationship between medicine and poetry.

Joukovsky, Nicholas A. "Mary Shelley's Last Letter?" N&Q 44 (1997): 338.

This brief essay discusses Mary Shelley's correspondence with Thomas Love Peacock and his daughter Mary Ellen, the first wife of George Meredith. A previously unpublished letter to Mrs. Meredith is possibly the last letter Mary Shelley wrote prior to her death on February 1, 1851. The letter was written after the birth of Peacock's granddaughter, Rosa Collinson, on October 16, 1850.

Jowell, Sharon L. "Mary Shelley's Mothers: The Weak, the Absent, and the Silent in Lodore and Falkner." ERR 8 (1997): 298-322.


Kakutani, Michiko. "Why Do Americans Gorge on Gothic?" New York Times (Nov. 14, 1997): E54.

Kamihima, Kenkichi. "A Conclusion Disconcluded: The Paradox of Reading The Triumph of Life." In Corresponding Powers (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1997): 53-61.

Written in English.

Keach, William. "Young Shelley." In Early Shelley: Vulgarisms, Politics, and Fractals, ed. Neil Fraistat. A Romantic Circles electronic edition (Aug. 1997): <>.

Kerbrat, Marie-Claire. Leçon Litteraire sur "Frankenstein" de Mary Shelley. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1997.

Ketterer, David. "Frankenstein's 'Conversion' from Natural Magic to Modern Science--and a Shifted (and Converted) Last Draft Insert." Science-Fiction Studies 24 (1997): 57-78.

Ketterer, David. "'Furnished . . . Materials': The Surgical Anatomy Context of Frankenstein." Science-Fiction Studies 24 (1997): 119-23.

Ketterer, David. "Mary Shelley's Hair?" Science-Fiction Studies 24 (1997): 183-84.

"Two hairs from Mary Shelley's head and one from Percy Shelley's have survived as features of the Last Draft of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein; the possibility of regeneration of the two from DNA in the hair is discussed."

Knowles, Sebastian D. G. "'O Lord, I Must Stretch Myself': Molly Bloom and Frankenstein." James Joyce Quarterly 34.3 (1997): 303-14.

Kramer, David. "The Limits of Community in Victorian Fiction." [Doctoral dissertation, City U of New York, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-05A (1997): 1724.

This dissertation argues for "a close relation between the outcast figure of the Victorian realist novel and the alienated figure of the High Modernist. The search of Victorian writers for meaningful social connections led to the Modernist disbelief in traditional community. Socially marginalized protagonists, such as Jane Eyre, Lucy Snowe, Pip, Rhoda Nunn, Edward Reardon, Tess, and Jude "hold confused, even rebellious attitudes towards traditional structures." Great Expectations and Jude the Obscure subvert cultural assumptions. Discusses novels of Mary Shelley, Charlotte Brontë, Dickens, George Gissing, and Thomas Hardy.

Kumamoto, Kazumi. "Futatsu no Shizenkan no Yukue (Two Approaches to Nature: P. B. Shelley's Alastor; or, The Spirit of Solitude)." Bukkyo Daigaku Daigakuin Kiyo (Kyoto: Bukkyo Daigaku), 26 (1997).

Laplace-Sinatra, Michael. "Shelley's Editing Process in the Preface to Epipsychidion." KSR 11 (1997): 167-82.

A close analysis of the poem in manuscript form shows how Shelley "acted as his own censor" regarding autobiographical aspects of his poem before the work went to print (167).

Lee, Debbie. "Mapping the Interior: African Cartography and Shelley's The Witch of Atlas." ERR 8 (1997): 169-84.

Lee, Jae Seong. "Ethics and Transphenomenality: A Levinasian Literary Hermeneutics (Mary Shelley)." [Doctoral dissertation, State U of New York at Buffalo, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-07A (1997): 2669.

Explores Levinas' "transphenomenal sensibility" as it applies to Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, a text "in which the monstrosity of the Creature appears as an allegory of the face of the Other of humanity. Kohutian self-psychology is employed for the Levinasian study of the character of Victor Frankenstein."

Leonard, Melissa Anne. "Reward and Punishment: Curiosity in the Gothic Novel, 1764-1818 (Horace Walpole, Clara Reeve, Ann Radcliffe, Matthew Lewis, Mary Shelley)." [Doctoral dissertation, New York U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-05A, (1997): 1724.

Leonard discusses six gothic novels in terms of "how curiosity is valued, who is rewarded for possessing it and who is punished." Leonard treats Walpole's The Castle of Otranto (1764), Clara Reeve's The Old English Baron (1777), Ann Radcliffe's The Romance of the Forest (1791) and The Mysteries of Udolpho (1794), Lewis' The Monk (1796), and Shelley's Frankenstein (1818).

Lokash, Jennifer. "Shelley's Organic Sympathy: Natural Communitarianism and the Example of Alastor." WC 28.3 (1997): 177-83.

Manguel, Alberto. Bride of Frankenstein. London: British Film Institute, 1997.

A book about the film and the Frankenstein character.

Markley, A. A. "'Laughing That I May Not Weep': Mary Shelley's Short Fiction and Her Novels." KSJ 46 (1997): 97-124.

Mazzeo, Tilar J. "'A Mixture of All the Styles': Colonialism, Nationalism, and Plagiarism in Shelley's Indian Circle." ERR 8 (1997): 155-68.

McLane, Maureen Noelle. "Poetry Bound: Romantic Writing and the Science of Man (William Wordsworth, Mary Shelley, Percy Bysshe Shelley)." [Doctoral dissertation, U of Chicago, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-10A (1997): 3933.

Chapters address and allegorically re-enact particular discursive conjunctions and encounters: Wordsworth's with moral philosophy in the chapter "Do Rustics Think?"; Mary Shelley's with Godwin, Malthus, and "the human" in the chapter "Literate Species"; Percy Shelley's with Malthus and "calculations" in the chapter on Futurity; and in the final chapter both poets' and moral philosophers' reckonings with "immortality."

McManus, John. "Synergy's Screen Tester." Brandweek (Mar. 3, 1997): 26-29.

Miller, Stuart. "Frankenstein's Successor: A Purple Spider with a Mind of Its Own That Likes to Go Walkabout." Guardian (July 28, 1997): 1.

Morton, Timothy. "Queen Mab as Topological Repertoire." In Early Shelley: Vulgarisms, Politics, and Fractals, ed. Neil Fraistat. A Romantic Circles electronic edition (Aug. 1997): <>.

Murray, Stephen T. "Cradled by Wrong: Shelley's Ethics of Writing and the Case of 'Julian and Maddalo.'" [Doctoral dissertation, Brown U, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-07A (1997): 2671.

In "Julian and Maddalo," "Shelley's desire, sentiment, and pathos are not meant to be ironized as error or mystification--the irony, like his stoicism, protects those vulnerable feelings from hostility and rejection." Murray compares Shelley's "metaphysics of morals" with the ethics of deconstruction. "The key to interpreting Julian is the epigraph from Virgil, which establishes his relation to the madman (Virgil's Gallus), to Shelley (Virgil), and to the eclogue's alienated lover: Mary Shelley (Virgil's Lycoris)." Murray includes an analytical discussion of the poem's manuscripts and their dating (with a refutation of Matthews' findings), a review of current debates in textual studies, and a multiversion edition of the poem displaying its composition and transmission.

Neville, Lee. "It's Always Alive." US News & World Report (Apr. 28, 1997): 12.

O'Connor, Patrick. "Lady in the Dark." TLS (Mar. 28, 1997): 18-19.

Oliver, Mary. "Sister Turtle." The Ohio Review 56 (1997): 24-31.

"The writer recalls how she has watched turtles come from the sea to lay their eggs. She compares her eating habits with those of Shelley and describes how she ate the eggs laid by the turtles."

100 Years of Horror. Videocassettes. Simitar Entertainment, 1997.

Oost, Regina B. "Marketing Frankenstein: The Shelleys' Enigmatic Preface." ELN 35 (1997): 26-35.

Ptiluc. Relecture du Myth de "Frankenstein." Issy les Moulineaux: Vents d'Ouest, 1997.

Reiman, Donald H. "Shelley Comes of Age: His Early Poems as an Editorial Experience." In Early Shelley: Vulgarisms, Politics, and Fractals, ed. Neil Fraistat. A Romantic Circles electronic edition (Aug. 1997): <>.

Roberts, Hugh. Shelley and the Chaos of History: A New Politics of Poetry. University Park: Pennsylvania State UP, 1997.

This study is divided into three parts: the first includes close readings of Peter Bell the Third, The Revolt of Islam, and The Triumph of Life; the second discusses the Defence of Poetry, The Witch of Atlas, and The Triumph of Life; and the third discusses "Shelley's Lucretian Imagination." "Drawing on Michel Serres's reading of Lucretius, I use recent developments in what is popularly known as chaos theory to explore some of the more radical poetic and political implications of Shelley's Lucretianism. Using Martha Nussbaum's Fragility of Goodness, I argue that Shelley's acceptance of radical contingency in hermeneutical and political processes has profound ethical and political implications" (4).

Robinson, Charles E. "Editing and Contextualizing The Frankenstein Notebooks." KSJ 46 (1997): 36-43.

Sanguineti, Carla. Mary Shelley: Dialogo d'Amore. La Spezia: Giacche, 1997.

Schlueter, Kurt. "Shelley's 'To Night' and the Prayer Hymn of Classical Antiquity." SIR 36.2 (1997): 239-60.

Schwartz, Howard. "Jewish Legends in Picture Books Appealing Tales of Magical Spirits." St. Louis Post-Dispatch (Apr. 20, 1997): C5.

Schwartz, Robert M., and Jennifer Schwartz. Frankenstein Meets Multimedia: A Cultural History of Mary Shelley's Novel. R. Schwartz, instructor; J. Schwartz, project director. CD-ROM. Curriculum Support & Instructional Technology, Mount Holyoke College, 1997.

Shiraishi, Harue. "'Prince Athanase' Ron--Mary no Chukai wo Megutte (On 'Prince Athanase': With Special Reference to Mary Shelley's Note)." Essays in English Romanticism (Tokyo: Japan Association of English Romanticism), 21 (1997): 53-60.

Squires, Sally. "Myth of the Mad Scientist." Washington Post (Oct. 28, 1997): WH12.

Suzuki, Takako. "Alastor ni okeru 'a visionary poet' heno Michi (The Way to a Visionary Poet in Alastor." Horizon (Tokyo: Waseda Daigaku Eibeibungaku Kenkykai), 29 (1997): 28-38.

Swaminathan, S. R. Vendanta & Shelley. Salzburg: U of Salzburg, 1997.

Takashashi, Norikane. "Shelley no Feminism--Rosalind and Helen no Kafu (Shelley's Use of Feminism: With Special Reference to the Widows in Rosalind and Helen)." Kinjo Gakuin Daigaku Ronsyu (Nagoya: Kinjo Gakuin Daigaku), 38 (1997): 175-90.

Underwood, Ted. "The Science in Shelley's Theory of Poetry." MLQ 58 (1997): 299-321.

Shelley's "Hymn of Apollo" and Epipsychidion develop figures subsequently used in Defence of Poetry and demonstrate how his theory of poetry was developed out of natural philosophy "in a way that makes it impossible to say where scientific reasoning ends and poetic reasoning begins." Shelley relied on "scientific ideas about sunlight to develop a figural logic that represents poetry neither simply as mimesis nor simply as inspiration, but as a light that pervades all things and reveals them by reproducing them within itself" (302).

Urakabe, Hisako. "Shelley no Alastor ni okeru Agape to Eros (Agape and Eros in Shelley's Alastor)." Kenkyu Hokoku-syu (Osaka: Osaka Shiritsu Daigaku Kyokai), 34 (1997): 56-62.

Verrua, Gianfranco. Mostruosamente: Dracula, Frankenstein e l'Enigma del Femminile: Immagini del Rimosso o Simboli di un Percoso della Coscienza. Torino: IDM, 1997.

Wallace, Jennifer. Shelley and Greece: Rethinking Romantic Hellenism. Basingstoke and New York: Macmillan/St. Martin's P, 1997.

"Romantic hellenism has tended to be associated either with Keats or with Byron. Keatsian hellenism is predominantly aesthetic" (3), while Byron's hellenism is "a mood as well as a physical landscape described in his poetry" (4). For Shelley, Greece evoked an intellectual response. "Shelley spent his life reading Greek, ranging widely through the corpus of ancient literature, philosophy, and history" (4). The first chapter discusses classical education in schools, which provided Shelley's exposure to Greek culture and prompted Shelley's Queen Mab and Alastor. The next two chapters discuss the political significance of Greece with a focus on "Cyclops," "Swellfoot the Tyrant," and Adonais. Wallace also offers close readings of Epipsychidion, which shows tensions between "an orientalist and occidentalist representation of Greece" (18); Prometheus Unbound, which shows the anxious feelings of inferiority that accompanied Shelley's acceptance of Greek culture and art as supreme; and Hellas, which "dramatises the tensions behind the philhellenic rhetoric which determiend the course of the war" (18).

Yoshioka, Motonobu. "Prometheus Unbound ni okeru Jikan (Time in Prometheus Unbound)." Eibei Gengo Bunka Kenkyu (Osaka: Osaka Furitsu Daigaku Eibei Gengo Bunka Kenkyukai), 45 (1997): 87-99.

Weiner, Deborah. "Islands of Possibility: Gendered Workings of Power in the Lives and Texts of Shelley, Alcott, Woolf, Rhys, Laurie Anderson, Carter, and Atwood (Mary Shelley, Louisa May Alcott, Virginia Woolf, Jean Rhys, Dominica, Angela Carter, Margaret Atwood)." [Doctoral dissertation, U of Rochester, 1997], DAI, Vol. 58-09A (1997): 3520.

Explores how these writers share certain "subject positions, including gender" and asks, "How did these women manage to write despite many gender-specific obstacles?" Includes an examination of Shelley's Frankenstein, Rhys' Wide Sargasso Sea, Alcott's Hospital Sketches, Woolf's "A Sketch of the Past," Laurie Anderson's song "Ramon," Carter's "Impressions: The Wrightsman Magdalene," and Atwood's Cat's Eye. Explores how these writers were both blocked and enabled by their unusual family backgrounds and "important relationships with crucial supporters."

Wheatley, Kim. "Paranoid Politics: Shelley and the Quarterly Review." In Romanticism and Conspiracy, ed. Orrin N. C. Wang. A Romantic Circles electronic edition (Aug. 1997): <>.

White, Daniel E. "'The God Undeified': Mary Shelley's Valperga, Italy, and the Aesthetic of Desire." RoN 6 (May 1997): <>.

Wilson, Deborah S., and Christine Moneera Laennec, eds. Bodily Discursions: Genders, Representations, Technologies. Albany: SUNY P, 1997.

Woof, Robert, Pamela Woof, Stephen Hebron, and Claire Tomalin, eds. Hyenas in Petticoats: Mary Wollstonecraft & Mary Shelley. Grasmere: Wordsworth Trust, 1997. Bi-centenary exhibition catalogue.


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